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The geographical and historical dictionary of America and the West Indies [volume 1]

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particularly those of (lie parish church, the convent of the monks of Niiestra Sonora de la Merced, another of St. Francis, and the hospital of S. J uan de Dios. Its population consists of 200 families of Spaniards, 122 oi Mustees, 15 Mulattoes, and 22 of Indians. In its district is found and gathered the celebrated plant called in the country oleacazan^ ■which is considered as a wonderful restorer of lost strength, and a certain specific against all kinds of poison. The leaves of it are applied to the part affected, and the natives are accustomed to judge of its virtues by its degree of adhesion. One hundred and fifty leagues to the w. of Mexico, in long. 103^ 20', and lat. 18° 34'.

COLIMAS, a barbarous nation of Indians in former times, but now reduced to the faith, in the province of its name; this being now incorporated with that of Muzo of the Nuevo Reyno de Granada. These Indians are also known by the name of Canapayes, being united to them. Its capital is the city of La Palma de los Colimas. See article Muzos.

COLIMBA, a settlement of the province and government of Popayán in the Nuevo Reyno de Granada.

COLINA, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Santiago in the kingdom of Chile ; in the district of which there are five chapels of case, in a spacious and beautiful valley.

COLINA, a river of this province and kingdom, which rises in the mountains of its cordillera, and enters the Maypo.

COLIUINA, a settlement of the province and government of Nicaragua in the kingdom of Guatemala ; situate upon a long strip of land on the coast of the S. sea.

(COLLA, a parish of the province and government of Buenos Ayres ; situate on a small river near the sea-coast, about eight leagues e. of Colonia del Sacramento, in lat. 34° 19' 39" s. Long. 57° 21' 43" w.')

COLLADOS, Ensenada de los a bay on the s. coast of the w. head, and in the territory of the French, in the island of St. Domingo. It is between the rock of Bareo and the river Damasein.

COLLAHUAS, and Asiento of Mines of Caylloma, a province and corregwiiento of Peru ; bounded n. by that of Cbumbivilcas, e. by that of Canes and Canches or Tinta, s. e, by that of Lampa, s. by that of Arequipa, and w. by that of Camana. It is 52 leagues in length s. e. n. w. and 16 in width. Its temperature is cold, from being situate in the cordillera ; with the exception of that part which borders upon Camana, where it is very mild, especially in the five leagues where its

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jurisdiction extends itself in the valley of Sihuas ; the other five leagues reaching to tlie sea bordering on Camana. Its productions are various : those of the valley are comprised in wine, brandies, wheat, maize, pulse, and fruits, especially figs, which being preserved, serve as nourishment to numbers of poor people. The other territories of this province are of the same temperature, though comparatively barren. It abounds in large and small cattle, native sheep, vicunas, and some wild animals. The roads are dangerous, from the country’s being extremely unequal, and the greater part of it beinga craggy ravine, over which labours, rather than to say runs, a pretty large river, which has its rise within the province. Here are many silver mines, from which great riches were formerly extracted, since they yielded 80 or 100 marks each caxon. Atthe present day they yield but sparingly, on account of their great depth, some of them being 200 fathoms in descent ; they are, nevertheless, worked with tolerable profit. The principal mountain of these mines is that of Caylloma, and it was through this mine that the capital was founded. There are also not wanting mines of gold, tin, lead, copper, and sulphur; but these, on account of the deficiency of resources, remain unworked. The capital, as we have before stated, is Caylloma. Its repartimmito used to amount to 37,100 dollars, and its alcavala to 456 dollars per annum. The other settlements of the jurisdiction are.

Tisco,

Madrigal,

Callalli,

Tapay,

Sibayo,

A^angui,

Tuty,

Achoma,

Llauta,

Murco,

Taya,

Sihuas,

Chibay,

Maca,

Canocota,

Y chupampa,

Coperaque,

Chabanaconde,

Lary,

Pinchollo,

Huanca,

Huambo,

Yura,

Hucan.

COLLANA, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Cicasica in Peru ; annexed to the curacy of Mccapa. Its Indian inhabitants have kept themselves unmixed from any other cast ever since the time of the conquest ; and in order to still preserve themselves so, they will not allow of any strangers sleeping in the settlement, though he should be sent by the corregidor. If any other person should come among them, he is put into prison, and after a very short time dispatched. Owing to these precautions, the vicious propenpensities observable in other settlements are en~

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tirely unknown to tiiis. Its inlmbitants lead a regular life ; they give without cxjicctation of indemnification, and are governed l!)roughoiit the ■whole tribe by the sounding of a bell. In short, they might serve as a model for all the other settlements of Indians in the kingdom.

COLLANA, another settlement of the same province and corregimicnto ; annexed to the curacy of Mecacapaca.

COLLANES, a chain of very lofty mountains, almost continually covered with snow, in the province and corre"imiento of Riobamba in the kingdom of Quito, to the s. of the river Pastaza, and of the mountain runguragua. They take their name from the nation of barbarous Indians who live scattered in the woods of these mountains, which run from w. to e. forming a semicircle of 20 leagues. The mountain which out-tops the rest, they call the Altar.

COLLANI, a settlement of the missions which were held by the regulars of the company of the Jesuits in Nuevo Mexico.

COLLATA, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Huarochiri in Peru ; annexed to the curacy of Santa Olaya.

COLLAY. See Pataz.

COLLETON, a county of the province of Carolina in N. America ; situate n. of the county of Grenville, and watered by the river Stone, which unites itself with an arm of the Wadrnoolan. That part which looks to the n, e. is peopled with establishments of Indians, and forms, with the other part, an island called Buono, which is a little below Charlestown, and is well cultivated and inhabited. The principal rivers of this country are, the Idistows, the S. and N. Two or three miles up the former river, the shores are covered with plantations, which continue for more than three miles further n. where the river meets with the N. Edistow, and in the island formed by both of them, it is reckoned that 20 freeholders reside. These are thus called, from the nature of the assignment and distribution of lands which took place in the new colonies. But the English governor did not grant an absolute and perpetual property, save to particular individuals : the concession was sometimes for life, sometimes considered as lineal, sometimes to descend to the wife, children, or relations, and sometimes with greater restrictions. The above-mentioned people have, however, their vote in the assembly, and send to it two members. In the precinct of this county is an Episcopal church.

Colleton, another county, of the province and colony of Georgia.

Colleton, a settlement of the island of Barbadoes, in the district of the parish ot Todos Santos.

COLLICO, a small river of the district of Tolten Baxo in Ihe kingdom of Chile. It runs h. n. w. and enters the river Tolten.

COLLIQUEN, a llanura, or plain, of the corregimiento of Truxillo in Peru. It is fertile, and of a dry and healthy climate, although thinly inhabited and uncultivated.

COLLIUE, a settlement of Indians of the kingdom of Chile, situate on the shore of the river Tolpan.

COLLQUE, an ancient, large, and well peopled settlement of Peru, to the n. of Cuzco ; conquered and carried by force of arms by the Inca Huayna Capac, thirteenth Emperor of Peru.

COLNACA, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Chichos and Tarija in Peru, of the district of the second, and annexed to the curacy of its capital.

COLOATPA, a settlement of the head settlement of Olinalá, and alcaldia mayor of Tlapa, in Nueva Espana. It contains 29 families of Indians, who occupy themselves in the commerce of chia^ a white medicinal earth, and cochineal, which abounds in this territory. It lies to the n. w. of its head settlement.

COLOCA, a settlement of the province and government of Santa Cruz de la Sierra in Peru, situate on the shore of the river of La Plata, and to the n. of its capital.

COLOCINA, San Carlos de, a settlement of the province and government of Cartagena, in the district of the town of Tolu; founded in 1776 by the governor Don J uan Pimienta.

COLOCINA, some mountains of this province and government, also called Betanzi, which run n. for many leagues from the valley of Penco.

COLOCOLO, a settlement of Indians of the kingdom of Chile ; situate on the shore of the river Carampangue, and thus called from the celebrated cazique of this name, one of the chiefs in the war in which these Indians were engaged with the Spaniards.

COLOLO, a small river of the province and government of Buenos Ayres. It runs n. and enters the river Negro, near where this enters tire Uruguay.

COLOMBAINA, a small settlement of the juriscidiction of Tocaima, and government of Mariquita, and in the Nuevo Reyno de Granada ; annexed to the curacy of the settlement of Ambaleina. It is situate on the shore of the river Magdalena; is of a very hot temperature, and

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mills. The whole of the district of its territory is covered with estates and country-seats, which abound in all kinds of fruits, at once rendering it a place pleasing and advantageous for residence.

Concepcion, another, of the province and corregimiento of Pacajes in Peru ; situate on the shore oflhe lake Titicaca, and at the mouth of the river Desa<;uadero.

Concepcion, anotlier, of the province and government of the Chiquitos Indians, in the same kingdom ; a reduccion of the missions which were held in this province by the regulars of the company of the Jesuits ; situate between the source of the river Verde and the river Ubay.

Concepcion, another, of the province and government of Moxos in the kingdom of Quito ; ■situate between the rivers Guandes and Y laibi, and nearly in the spot where they join.

Concepcion, another, of the former province and government ; situate on the shore of the river Itenes.

Concepcion, another, of the province and country of the Amazonas, in the Portuguese possessions ; a reduccion of the missions which are held by the Carmelite fathers of this nation ; situate on the shore of a pool or lake formed by the river Urubu. . .

Concepcion, another, of the missions which were held by the regulars of the company of Jesuits in California ; situate near the sea-coast and the Puerto Nuevo, or New Port.

Concepcion, another, of the province and government of Tucumán in Peru, and district of Chaco ; being a reduccion of the Abipones Indians, of the mission held by the regulars of the company of Jesuits, and to-day under the charge of the religious order of S. Francisco.

Concepcion, another, which is also called huenclara or Canada, of the missions held by the religion of St. Francis, in the kingdom of Nuevo Mexico.

Concepcion, another, which is the real oi ine silver mines of the province and government of Sonora in Nueva Espana.

Concepcion, another, of the province and capiahiship ot Rio Janeiro in Brazil 5 situate on the coast, opposite the Isla Grande.

Concepcion, another, of the province and capiainship of S. Vincente in the same kingdom.

Concepcion, another, of the province and government of Buenos Ayres; situate at the mouth of the river Saladillo, on the coast which lies between the river La Plata and the straits of Magellan.

Concepcion, another, of the missions which were held by the regulars of the company of Je-

suits, in the province and government of Buenos Ayres ; situate on the w. shore of the river Uruguay. (Lat. 27° 58' 43". Long. 53° 27' 13" re.)

Concepcion, another, of the missions which were held by the regulars of the company of Jesuits, in the country of the Chiquitos Indians, in the kingdom of Peru ; situate to the e. of that of San Francisco Xavier.

Concepcion, another, of the province and government of Cinaloa in Nueva Espana.

Concepcion, another, of the province and government of Quixos and Macas in the kingdom of Quito, which produces nothing but maize, yucas^ plantains, and quantities of aloes, with the which the natives pay their tribute, and which are much esteemed in Peru.

Concepcion, a town of the province and government of Tucumán in Peru, in the jurisdiction of the city of Santiago del Estero, between the rivers Bermejo and Salado. It was destroyed by the infidel Indians.

Concepcion, a bay of the kingdom of Chile, at the innermost part of which, and four leagues from its entrance, is found a bed of shells, from which is made excellent lime.

Concepcion, another bay, in the gulf of California, or Mar Roxo de Cortes. It is very large and capacious, having within it various islands. Its entrance is, however, very narrow.

Concepcion, a river in the province and government of Costarica, which runs into the sea between that of San Antonio and that of Portete.

Concepcion, another, of the kingdom of Brazil, which rises to the w. of the town of Gorjas, runs s. 5 . K). and unites itself with that of the Remedies, to enter the river Prieto or La Palma.

Concepcion, another, which is an arm of the river Picazuru, in the province and government of Paraguay.

Concepcion, another, of the kingdom of Chile, which runs through the middle of the city of Concepcion, and enters the sea in the bay of tliis name.

(Concepcion, a large bay on the c. side of Newfoundland island, whose entrance is between cape St. Francis on the s. and Flamborough head on the n. It runs a great way into the land in a s. direction, having numerous bays on the w. side, on which are two settlements, Carboniere and Havre de Grace. Settlements were made here in 1610, by about 40 planters, under Governor John Guy, to whom King James had granted a patent of incorporation.)

(Concepcion of Salaye, a small town of N. America, in the province of Mechoacán in Mexico

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or New Spain, was built bj the Spaniards, as well as the stations of St. Michael and St. Philip, to secure the road from Mechoacan to the silver mines of Zacatea. They have also given this name to several boroughs of America; as to that in Hispaniola island, and to a sea-port of California, &C.)

CONCHA, San Martin de la, a town and capital of the province and corregimiento of Quillota in the kingdom of Chile ; founded in 1726 by the Licentiate Don Joseph dc Santiago Concha, who gave it his name, being at the time temporal president of this kingdom. Its situation is in a valley, the most beautiful and fertile of any in the Jcingdom, and it particularly abounds in wheat. It has been celebrated for the abundance of gold that has been taken out of a mine within its district, and for the protection of which a fort had been built by Pedro de Valdivia. It has a very ^ood parish church, three convents of the religious orders of St. Francis, St. Augustin, and La Merced, and a collec^e which belona-ed to the regulars of the company of Jesuits, and which is at present occupied by {jic monks of St. Domingo, and a house of retirement for spiritual exercies, founded and endowed by a certain individual. In the district of this city European chesnuts grow, and not far from it is a lime-kiln belonging to the king, and which renders a supply for the works going on at the garrison of Valdivia. Nine leagues from Valparayso. Lat, 32^48' s. Long. 71° 10' zo.

Concha, a settlement of Indians of S. Carolina; situate near the source of the river Sonlahowe.

Concha, a bay on the coast of the province and government of Santa Marta, to the e. of the cape of La Aguja.

Concha, a settlement of the province and government of Tucumán in Peru ; situate at the moiitli of the river of its name, and where it enters the Pasage.

Concha, a river in the jurisdiction of the city of Salta, runs e. and enters the Pasage between the river Blanco and that of Metau.

CONCHACHITOUU, a settlement of Indians of S. Carolina, where a fort has been built by the English for the defence of the establishment which they hold there.

CONCHALI, a river of the province and corregimienlo of Quillota in the kingdom of Chile. It runs Z 0 . and enters the sea.

CONCHAMARCA, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Huanuco in Peru ; anaexed to the curacy of San Miguel de Huacar.

CONCHAO, a settlement of the province and

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corregimiento of Caxatambo in Peru ; annexed to the curacy of Andajes.

(CONCHAS, a parish of the province and government of Buenos Ayres ; situate on a river of the same name, about six leagues n. zs. of Buenos Ayres. Lat. 34° 24' 56" s. Long. 58° 23' 30" ay.)

Conchas, a small river of the province and government of Buenos Ayres. It runs n. e. and enters the river La Plata, at a small distance from the capital.

Conchas, another river, in the province and captainship of the Rio Grande in Brazil. It is small, rises near the coast, and empties itself at the mouth of that of Amargoso.

Conchas, another, of the kingdom of Nueva España, which runs into the sea at the bay of Mexico, being first united to the Bravo.

Conchas, another, a small river of the province and government of Buenos Ayres, distinct from that of which we have spoken. It runs zso. and enters the Parana, close to the settlement of La Baxada de Santa Fe.

(CONCHATTAS, Indians of N. America, almost the same people as the Allibamis. They first lived on Bayau Chico, in Appelousa district ; but, four years ago, moved to the river Sabine, settled themselves on the e. bank, where they now live, in nearly a s. direction from Natchitoch, and distant about 80 miles. They call their number of men about 160 ; but say, if they were altogether, they would amount to 200. Several families of them live in detached settlements. They are good hunters. Game is here in plenty. They kill an uncommon number of bears. One man alone, during the summer and fall hunting, sometimes kills 400 deer, and sells his skins at 40 dollars per 100. The bears usually yield from eight to 12 gallons of oil, each of which never sells for less than a dollar a gallon, and the skin a dollar more. No great quantity of the meat is saved. What the hunters do not use when out, they generally give to their dogs. The Conchattas are friendly with all other Indians, and speak well of their neighbours the Carankouas, who, they say, live about 80 miles s. of them, on the bay, which is the nearest point to the sea from Natchitoches. A tew families of Chactaws have lately settled near them from Bayau Bceiif. The Conchattas speak Creek, which is their native language, and Chactaw, and several of them English ; and one or two of tliem can read it a little.)

CONCHOS, San Francisco DE LOS, a Settlement and garrison of the province of the Tepeguana, and kingdom of Nueva Vizcaya ; situate

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seasons, and is flooded by waters rushing down through a neighbouring channel, and in fact Avould be hereby rendered iinitdiabitable, but for the mounds Avhich have been raised for its defence. One half of the city experiences in one day a variation of all the winds from n. to s. These winds, thus changing, are accompanied with great tempests of thunder and lightning. At one moment the heat which accompanies the n. wind is excessive, and at another the cold which accompanies the s. is intolerable. It is, indeed, to this cause that the number of sudden deaths which occur here are attributed. The city is small, and nearly of a square figure, but the buildings are superior to any in the province. It has three convents ; those of the religious order of St. Francis, St. Domingo, and La Merced, an hospital of Bethleraites, with the dedicatory title of San Roque ; two monasteries of nuns, tlie one of Santa Teresa, the other of Santa Clara, and two colleges with the titles of universities, it is the head of a bishopric, erected in 1570, and is very rich, owing to the great commerce which it carries on in mules bought in the province of Buenos Ayres, and fattened in the pastures here, for the purpose of being sold for the supply of the other provinces, and in fact of the whole of Peru. It abounds in all kinds of productions, and is 70 leagues from Santiago del Estero, to the s. in 62° 39'; long. 31° 20' s. lat. (For an account of the late revolutions of this place, see La Plata.)

Cordova, another city, in the province and government of Cumaná, founded by Gonzalo de Ocampo in 1525, near the sea-coast. It is so reduced and poor, that it does not deserve the name of a city. It is bounded by the Caribes Indians.

Cordova, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Castro Vireyna in Peru.

Cordova, another, of the province and government of Santa Marta in the kingdom of Tierra Firme, situate upon the coast. It was sacked by the English pirate Gauson in 1625.

CORDOVES, Rio Del, a river of the province and government of Buenos Ayres. It runs zo. and enters the Yazigua close to the pass of Chileno.

CORE, Bank of, an isle of the N. Sea, near the coast of S. Carolina, between those of Ocacook and Drum.

(Core Sound, on the coast of N. Carolina, lies s. of, and communicates with Pamlico.)

COREBO, a river of the province and government of Chocó. It rises in the valley of 'I'atave, at the foot of the mountains of Choco, and enters the Paganagandi.

CORENA, a port on the coast of the province

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and captainship of the Rio Janeiro in Brazil, close to the island of Santa Maria.

CORENTE, a river of the kingdom of Brazil. It rises in the head of that of the Paraguas and the Verde, runs s, s.e. and enters the above river at mid-course.

CORENTIN, a river of the province and colony of Surinam, or part of Guayana in the Dutch possessions, according to the last advices ot the Father Bernardo Rosclla of the extinguished society, Avhich advices were received from the Dutch, and served, in 1745, to the making the map of this province and the Orinoco. It rises in the n. part of the famed lake Parime, which some have thought to exist merely in fable. It runs s. wateringtlie Dutch colonies; and five leaguesto the w. of Berbice, and to the s. e. of the Orinoco, empties itself into the sea, in 5° 22' n. lat. : at its entrance it is one league wide. The English call it Devil’s creek, which signifies Barranco del Diablo. In the interior of its course it has some sand-banks, which extend for three leagues, and render its navigation difficult, notwithstanding that at the low tide there arc still some channels of water. In this river are likewise three small well cultivated islands, lying in a direction from n. tov. They are very fertile, and covered with trees, and the soundings of the river about them varies from five to six fathoms.

CORETIQUI, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Caxamarquilla in Peru.

CORIANA. See Coro.

CORIDON, Salinas de, salt grounds in the point and zo. head of the island of St. Domingo, on the shore of the port Pimiento.

CORIMPO, a settlement of the province of Cinaloa in Nueva Espaiia ; situate on the shore of the river Mayo, between the settlements of Hecojoa and Nabajoa.

(CORINTH, a township in Orange county, Vermont, z€. of Bradford, containing 578 inhabitants.)

CORIO, a settlement of the province and captainship of San Vincente in Brazil, on the shore and at tlie source of the river Uruguay.

CORIPATA, a settlement of the province and government of Canta in Peru ; annexed to the curacy of Atabillos Altos.

CORIPI, a river of the province and government of Guayana, iii the French possessions. It enters the sea between the Oiapoco and cape Orange.

CORIS, a settlement of the province and corregimiento oi Huailas in Peru, annexed to the curacy of Aija.

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