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or New Spain, was built bj the Spaniards, as well
as the stations of St. Michael and St. Philip, to se-
cure the road from Mechoacan to the silver mines
of Zacatea. They have also given this name to
several boroughs of America; as to that in His-
paniola island, and to a sea-port of California,

CONCHA, San Martin de la, a town and
capital of the province and corregimiento of Quil-
in the kingdom of Chile ; founded in 1726
by the Licentiate Don Joseph dc Santiago Concha,
who gave it his name, being at the time temporal
president of this kingdom. Its situation is in a
valley, the most beautiful and fertile of any in the
Jcingdom, and it particularly abounds in wheat.
It has been celebrated for the abundance of gold
that has been taken out of a mine within its dis-
trict, and for the protection of which a fort had
been built by Pedro de Valdivia. It has a very
^ood parish church, three convents of the religious
orders of St. Francis, St. Augustin, and La Merced,
and a collec^e which belona-ed to the regulars of
the company of Jesuits, and which is at present oc-
cupied by {jic monks of St. Domingo, and a house
of retirement for spiritual exercies, founded and
endowed by a certain individual. In the district
of this city European chesnuts grow, and not far
from it is a lime-kiln belonging to the king, and
which renders a supply for the works going on at
the garrison of Valdivia. Nine leagues from Val-
parayso. Lat, 32^48' s. Long. 71° 10' zo.

Concha, a settlement of Indians of S. Carolina;
situate near the source of the river Sonlahowe.

Concha, a bay on the coast of the province and
government of Santa Marta, to the e. of the cape
of La Aguja.

Concha, a settlement of the province and go-
vernment of Tucumán in Peru ; situate at the
moiitli of the river of its name, and where it en-
ters the Pasage.

Concha, a river in the jurisdiction of the city
of Salta, runs e. and enters the Pasage between
the river Blanco and that of Metau.

CONCHACHITOUU, a settlement of Indians
of S. Carolina, where a fort has been built by the
English for the defence of the establishment which
they hold there.

CONCHALI, a river of the province and cor-
regimienlo of Quillota in the kingdom of Chile. It
runs Z 0 . and enters the sea.

CONCHAMARCA, a settlement of the pro-
vince and corregimiento of Huanuco in Peru ; an-
aexed to the curacy of San Miguel de Huacar.

CONCHAO, a settlement of the province and

CON 503

corregimiento of Caxatambo in Peru ; annexed to
the curacy of Andajes.

(CONCHAS, a parish of the province and go-
vernment of Buenos Ayres ; situate on a river of
the same name, about six leagues n. zs. of Buenos
Ayres. Lat. 34° 24' 56" s. Long. 58° 23' 30" ay.)

Conchas, a small river of the province and go-
vernment of Buenos Ayres. It runs n. e. and en-
ters the river La Plata, at a small distance from
the capital.

Conchas, another river, in the province and
captainship of the Rio Grande in Brazil. It is
small, rises near the coast, and empties itself at the
mouth of that of Amargoso.

Conchas, another, of the kingdom of Nueva
, which runs into the sea at the bay of
Mexico, being first united to the Bravo.

Conchas, another, a small river of the province
and government of Buenos Ayres, distinct from
that of which we have spoken. It runs zso. and
enters the Parana, close to the settlement of La
Baxada de Santa Fe.

(CONCHATTAS, Indians of N. America, al-
most the same people as the Allibamis. They
first lived on Bayau Chico, in Appelousa district ;
but, four years ago, moved to the river Sabine,
settled themselves on the e. bank, where they now
live, in nearly a s. direction from Natchitoch, and
distant about 80 miles. They call their number
of men about 160 ; but say, if they were altogether,
they would amount to 200. Several families of
them live in detached settlements. They are good
hunters. Game is here in plenty. They kill an
uncommon number of bears. One man alone,
during the summer and fall hunting, sometimes
kills 400 deer, and sells his skins at 40 dollars per
100. The bears usually yield from eight to 12
gallons of oil, each of which never sells for less
than a dollar a gallon, and the skin a dollar more.
No great quantity of the meat is saved. What
the hunters do not use when out, they generally
give to their dogs. The Conchattas are friendly
with all other Indians, and speak well of their
neighbours the Carankouas, who, they say, live
about 80 miles s. of them, on the bay, which is
the nearest point to the sea from Natchitoches.
A tew families of Chactaws have lately settled near
them from Bayau Bceiif. The Conchattas speak
Creek, which is their native language, and Chac-
taw, and several of them English ; and one or two
of tliem can read it a little.)

CONCHOS, San Francisco DE LOS, a Settle-
ment and garrison of the province of the Tepe-
, and kingdom of Nueva Vizcaya ; situate

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