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Romina De León at Aug 15, 2018 12:08 PM

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finger, but of so hard a texture, that, when split, they cut exactly like a knife. These Indians speak the Tchicachan language, and with the other nations are in alliance against the Iroquees.
ABERCORN, a town of the province and colony of New Georgia, on the shore of the river Savannah, near where it enters the sea, and at a league's distance from the city of this name. [It is about 30 miles from the sea, 5 miles from Ebenezer, and 13 NW of Savannah.]
ABIDE, mountains, or serrania, of the province and government of Cartagena. They run from W to NE from near the large river of Magdalena to the province of Chocó, and the S Sea. Their limits and extent are not known, but they are 20 leagues wide, and were discovered by Capt. Francisco Cesar in 1536; he being the first who penetrated into them, after a labour of 10 months, in which time he had to undergo the most extreme privations and excessive perils ; not that these exceeded the hardships which were endured by the licentiate Badillo, who entered upon its conquest with a fine army.
ABIGIRAS, a settlement of Indians, one of the missions, or a reduction, which belonged to the regular order of the Jesuits, in the province and government of Mainas, of the kingdom of Quito ; founded in the year 1665, by the father Lorenzo Lucero, on the shore of the river Curarari, 30 leagues from its mouth, and 240 from Quito.
ABINEAU Port, on the N side of lake Erie, is about 13 miles W S W from fort Erie. Lat. 42° 6' N Long. 79° 15' W.
ABINGDON, a town at the head of the tide waters of Bush river, Harford county, Maryland, 12 miles SW from Havre-de-Grace, and 20 NE from Baltimore. Cokesbury college, instituted by the methodists in 1785, is in this town. Lat. 39° 27' 30" N Long. 76° 20' 35" W.
Abingdon, the chief town of Washington county, Virginia, contained but about 20 houses in 1788, and in 1796 upwards of 150. It is about 145 miles from Campbell's station, near Holston; 260 from Richmond in Virginia, in a direct line, and 310 as the road runs, bearing a little to the S of W Lat. 36° 41' 30" N Long. 81° 59' W.
ABINGTON, a township in Plymouth county, Massachusetts; 22 miles SE from Boston, and contains 1453 inhabitants. Lat. 42° 4' 30".
Abigton, a parish in the town of Pomfret in Connecticut. Lat. 42° 4' 30". Long. 70° 51' 30".
Abigton, a village in Pennsylvania, 32 miles N of Philadelphia.
ABIPI, a small settlement of the jurisdiction of Muzo, and corregimiento of Tunja, in the Nuevo Reyno de Granada. It is of a hot temperature, producing some wheat, maize, yucas, plantains, and canes ; it has been celebrated for its rich mines of emeralds, which are, however, at present abandoned from want of water; it is nearly three leagues distant from the large mine of Itoco.
ABIPONES, a nation of barbarous Indians, of the province and government of Tucuman, inhabiting the S shores of the river Bermejo. Their number once exceeded 100000; but they are certainly at present much reduced. They go naked, except that the women cover themselves with little skins, prettily ornamented, which they call queyapi. They are very good swimmers, of a lofty and robust stature, and well featured: but they paint their faces and the rest of their body, and are very much given to war, which they carry on chiefly against such as come either to hunt or to fish upon their territory. Their victims they have a custom of sticking upon lofty poles, as a landmark, or by way of intimidation to their enemies. From their infancy they cut and scarify their bodies, to make themselves hardy. When their country is inundated, which happens in the five winter months, they retire to live in the islands, or upon the tops of trees: they have some slight notion of agriculture, but they live by fishing, and the produce of the chase, holding in the highest estimation the flesh of tigers, which they divide among their relations, as a sort of precious relic or dainty ; also asserting that it has the properties of infusing strength and valour. They have no knowledge either of God, of law, or of policy; but they believe in the immortality of the soul, and that there is a land of consummate bliss, where they shall dance and divert themselves after their death. When a man dies, his widow observes a state of celibacy, and fasts a year, which consists in an abstinence from fish: this period being fulfilled, an assembly run out to meet her, and inform her that her husband has given her leave to marry. The women occupy themselves in spinning and sewing hides; the men are idlers, and the boys run about the whole day in exercising their strength. The men are much addicted to drunkenness, and then the women are accustomed to conceal their husband's weapons, for fear of being killed. They do not rear more than two or three children, killing all above this number.
ABISCA, an extensive province of the kingdom of Peru, to the E of the Cordillera of the Andes, between the rivers Yetau and Amarumago, and to the S of Cuzco. It is little known, consisting entirely of woods, rivers, and lakes; and hither many barbarous nations of Indians have retired, selecting for their dwelling places the few plains which belong to the province. The Emperor Yupanqui endeavoured to make it subservient to his controul, but without success: the same disappointment awaited Pedro de Andia in his attempt to subjugate it in the year 1538.


Translation

ABERCORN, Pueblo de la Provincia y Colonia de Nueva Georgia, situado a orilla del río Savannach, cerca de su salida al mar, y una legua distante de la Ciudad de este nombre.

ABIDE, Montañas de, o Serranía de la Provincia y Gobierno de Cartagena. Corren ONE desde cerca del río grande de la Magdalena, hasta la Provincia y Gobierno del Chocó, y Mar del S cuyos términos o extensión no están conocidos: tienen 20 leguas de ancho, y las descubrió el Capitán Francisco César el año de 1536; siendo el primero que penetró su espesura, en que gastó casi 10 meses, padeciendo increíbles hambres y trabajos; y muchos más el Licenciado Badillo, que entró a su conquista con un lucido exército.

ABIGIRAS, Pueblo de Indios de esta nación, uno de las misiones o reducción, que tenian los Regulares de la extinguida Compañía, en la Provincia y Gobierno de Mainas, del Reyno de Quito, fundado el año de 1665 por el Padre Lorenzo Lucero, a orilla del río Curaran, 30 leguas de su boca y 240 de Quito.

ABIPI, Pueblo pequeño de la jurisdicción de Muzo y Corregimiento de Tunxa en el Nuevo Reyno de Granada ; es de temperamento cálido; produce algún trigo, maiz, yucas, plátanos y cañas : ha sido celebre por sus ricas minas de esmeraldas, que hoy están abandonadas por falta de agua: dista casi 3 leguas de la mina grande de Itocó.

ABIPONES, Nación de Indios bárbaros de la Provincia y Gobierno del Tucuman. Está a orillas y al S del río Bermejo. Fue antiguamente muy numerosa, pues aseguran que pasaban de cien mil; pero hoy están muy reducidos; andan desnudos, aunque las mujeres se cubren con pellejos bien aderezados, que llaman Queyapi. Son grandes nadadores, de alta y fornida estatura, y bien agestados; pero se labran la cara y el cuerpo, y son muy inclinados a la guerra, que mueven ordinariamente sobre si entran otros a pescar o cazar en sus límites, los quales tienen amojonados con largos horcones en que ponen las cabezas de los enemigos que matan: desde niños se curten y sajan el cuerpo para hacerse robustos: cuando se inunda su País, que es en los cinco meses de Invierno, se retiran a vivir en las Islas y sobre los árboles: suelen sembrar algo; pero viven de la caza y de la pesca, apreciando sobre todo la carne de los Tigres, que reparten como reliquia entre sus parientes, porque dicen que les infunde bríos y valor. No tienen conocimiento de Dios, Leyes, ni Policía; pero creen la inmortalidad del alma, y que hay una tierra de sumo deleyte,donde baylany se divierten quando mueren. La viuda en este caso guarda celibato, y por un año ayuna, que es abstenerse de comer pescado. Cumplido el tiempo salen al campo a decir que ya viene su marido a darlas licencia para que se casen. Las mujeres se ocupan en hilar y coser las pieles; los hombres son holgazanes, y los muchachos corren todo el día para exercitar las fuerzas. Son muy dados a la embriaguez, en cuyo tiempo las mugeres les esconden las armas para que no se maten. No crian mas que dos o tres hijos, y matan los demás.

ABISCA, Provincia dilatada del Reyno del Perú, al Levante de la Cordillera de los Andes, entre los ríos Yetau y Amarumayo, y al Mediodia del Cuzco. Es poco conocida por ser toda de bosques, ríos y lagunas, donde se han retirado muchas Naciones bárbaras de Indios que habitan en las pocas llanuras que tiene. El Emperador Yupanqui entró en ella para sujetarla a su Imperio, pero no lo pudo conseguir, ni tuvo mejor suceso Pedro de Candia que intentó lo mismo el año de 1538.

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finger, but of so hard a texture, that, when split, they cut exactly like a knife. These Indians speak the Tchicachan language, and with the other nations are in alliance against the Iroquees.
ABERCORN, a town of the province and colony of New Georgia, on the shore of the river Savannah, near where it enters the sea, and at a league's distance from the city of this name. [It is about 30 miles from the sea, 5 miles from Ebenezer, and 13 NW of Savannah.
ABIDE, mountains, or serrania, of the province and government of Cartagena. They run from W to NE from near the large river of Magdalena to the province of Chocó, and the S Sea. Their limits and extent are not known, but they are 20 leagues wide, and were discovered by Capt. Francisco Cesar in 1536; he being the first who penetrated into them, after a labour of 10 months, in which time he had to undergo the most extreme privations and excessive perils ; not that these exceeded the hardships which were endured by the licentiate Badillo, who entered upon its conquest with a fine army.
ABIGIRAS, a settlement of Indians, one of the missions, or a reduction, which belonged to the regular order of the Jesuits, in the province and government of Mainas, of the kingdom of Quito ; founded in the year 1665, by the father Lorenzo Lucero, on the shore of the river Curarari, 30 leagues from its mouth, and 240 from Quito.
ABINEAU Port, on the N side of lake Erie, is about 13 miles WSW from fort Erie. Lat. 42° 6' N Long. 79° 15' W.
ABINGDON, a town at the head of the tide waters of Bush river, Harford county, Maryland, 12 miles SW from Havre-de-Grace, and 20 NE from Baltimore. Cokesbury college, instituted by the methodists in 1785, is in this town. Lat. 39° 27' 30" N Long. 76° 20' 35" W.
Abingdon, the chief town of Washington county, Virginia, contained but about 20 houses in 1788, and in 1796 upwards of 150. It is about 145 miles from Campbell's station, near Holston; 260 from Richmond in Virginia, in a direct line, and 310 as the road runs, bearing a little to the S of W Lat. 36° 41' 30" N Long. 81° 59' W.
ABINGTON, a township in Plymouth county, Massachusetts; 22 miles SE from Boston, and contains 1453 inhabitants. Lat. 42° 4' 30".
Abigton, a parish in the town of Pomfret in Connecticut. Lat. 42° 4' 30". Long. 70° 51' 30".
Abigton, a village in Pennsylvania, 32 miles N of Philadelphia.
ABIPI, a small settlement of the jurisdiction of Muzo, and corregimiento of Tunja, in the Nuevo Reyno de Granada. It is of a hot temperature, producing some wheat, maize, yucas, plantains, and canes ; it has been celebrated for its rich mines of emeralds, which are, however, at present abandoned from want of water; it is nearly three leagues distant from the large mine of Itoco.
ABIPONES, a nation of barbarous Indians, of the province and government of Tucuman, inhabiting the S shores of the river Bermejo. Their number once exceeded 100000; but they are certainly at present much reduced. They go naked, except that the women cover themselves with little skins, prettily ornamented, which they call queyapi. They are very good swimmers, of a lofty and robust stature, and well featured: but they paint their faces and the rest of their body, and are very much given to war, which they carry on chiefly against such as come either to hunt or to fish upon their territory. Their victims they have a custom of sticking upon lofty poles, as a landmark, or by way of intimidation to their enemies. From their infancy they cut and scarify their bodies, to make themselves hardy. When their country is inundated, which happens in the five winter months, they retire to live in the islands, or upon the tops of trees: they have some slight notion of agriculture, but they live by fishing, and the produce of the chase, holding in the highest estimation the flesh of tigers, which they divide among their relations, as a sort of precious relic or dainty ; also asserting that it has the properties of infusing strength and valour. They have no knowledge either of God, of law, or of policy; but they believe in the immortality of the soul, and that there is a land of consummate bliss, where they shall dance and divert themselves after their death. When a man dies, his widow observes a state of celibacy, and fasts a year, which consists in an abstinence from fish: this period being fulfilled, an assembly run out to meet her, and inform her that her husband has given her leave to marry. The women occupy themselves in spinning and sewing hides; the men are idlers, and the boys run about the whole day in exercising their strength. The men are much addicted to drunkenness, and then the women are accustomed to conceal their husband's weapons, for fear of being killed. They do not rear more than two or three children, killing all above this number.
ABISCA, an extensive province of the kingdom of Peru, to the E of the Cordillera of the Andes, between the rivers Yetau and Amarumago, and to the S of Cuzco. It is little known, consisting entirely of woods, rivers, and lakes; and hither many barbarous nations of Indians have retired, selecting for their dwelling places the few plains which belong to the province. The Emperor Yupanqui endeavoured to make it subservient to his controul, but without success: the same disappointment awaited Pedro de Andia in his attempt to subjugate it in the year 1538.


Translation

ABERCORN, Pueblo de la Provincia y Colonia de Nueva Georgia, situado a orilla del río Savannach, cerca de su salida al mar, y una legua distante de la Ciudad de este nombre.

ABIDE, Montañas de, o Serranía de la Provincia y Gobierno de Cartagena. Corren ONE desde cerca del río grande de la Magdalena, hasta la Provincia y Gobierno del Chocó, y Mar del S cuyos términos o extensión no están conocidos: tienen 20 leguas de ancho, y las descubrió el Capitán Francisco César el año de 1536; siendo el primero que penetró su espesura, en que gastó casi 10 meses, padeciendo increíbles hambres y trabajos; y muchos más el Licenciado Badillo, que entró a su conquista con un lucido exército.

ABIGIRAS, Pueblo de Indios de esta nación, uno de las misiones o reducción, que tenian los Regulares de la extinguida Compañía, en la Provincia y Gobierno de Mainas, del Reyno de Quito, fundado el año de 1665 por el Padre Lorenzo Lucero, a orilla del río Curaran, 30 leguas de su boca y 240 de Quito.

ABIPI, Pueblo pequeño de la jurisdicción de Muzo y Corregimiento de Tunxa en el Nuevo Reyno de Granada ; es de temperamento cálido; produce algún trigo, maiz, yucas, plátanos y cañas : ha sido celebre por sus ricas minas de esmeraldas, que hoy están abandonadas por falta de agua: dista casi 3 leguas de la mina grande de Itocó.

ABIPONES, Nación de Indios bárbaros de la Provincia y Gobierno del Tucuman. Está a orillas y al S del río Bermejo. Fue antiguamente muy numerosa, pues aseguran que pasaban de cien mil; pero hoy están muy reducidos; andan desnudos, aunque las mujeres se cubren con pellejos bien aderezados, que llaman Queyapi. Son grandes nadadores, de alta y fornida estatura, y bien agestados; pero se labran la cara y el cuerpo, y son muy inclinados a la guerra, que mueven ordinariamente sobre si entran otros a pescar o cazar en sus límites, los quales tienen amojonados con largos horcones en que ponen las cabezas de los enemigos que matan: desde niños se curten y sajan el cuerpo para hacerse robustos: cuando se inunda su País, que es en los cinco meses de Invierno, se retiran a vivir en las Islas y sobre los árboles: suelen sembrar algo; pero viven de la caza y de la pesca, apreciando sobre todo la carne de los Tigres, que reparten como reliquia entre sus parientes, porque dicen que les infunde bríos y valor. No tienen conocimiento de Dios, Leyes, ni Policía; pero creen la inmortalidad del alma, y que hay una tierra de sumo deleyte,donde baylany se divierten quando mueren. La viuda en este caso guarda celibato, y por un año ayuna, que es abstenerse de comer pescado. Cumplido el tiempo salen al campo a decir que ya viene su marido a darlas licencia para que se casen. Las mujeres se ocupan en hilar y coser las pieles; los hombres son holgazanes, y los muchachos corren todo el día para exercitar las fuerzas. Son muy dados a la embriaguez, en cuyo tiempo las mugeres les esconden las armas para que no se maten. No crian mas que dos o tres hijos, y matan los demás.

ABISCA, Provincia dilatada del Reyno del Perú, al Levante de la Cordillera de los Andes, entre los ríos Yetau y Amarumayo, y al Mediodia del Cuzco. Es poco conocida por ser toda de bosques, ríos y lagunas, donde se han retirado muchas Naciones bárbaras de Indios que habitan en las pocas llanuras que tiene. El Emperador Yupanqui entró en ella para sujetarla a su Imperio, pero no lo pudo conseguir, ni tuvo mejor suceso Pedro de Candia que intentó lo mismo el año de 1538.