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Romina De León at Aug 07, 2018 10:21 AM

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finger, but of so hard a texture, that, when split,
they cut exactly like a knife. These Indians speak
the Tchicachan language, and with the other na-
tions are in alliance against the Iroquees.

ABERCORN, a town of the province and colony of Nerv Georgia, on the shore of the river
Savannah, near wliere it enters the sea, and at a
league’s distance from the city of this name. [It is
about SO miles from the sea, 5 miles from Ebenezer,
and 13 n. w. of Savannah.]

ABIDE, mountains, or serrania, of the province and government of Cartagena. They run
from w. to n. e. from near the large river of Magdalena to the province of Choco, and the S. Sea.
Their limits and extent are not known, but they
are 20 leagues wide, and were discovered by Capt.
Francisco Cesar in 1536; he being the first Avho
penetrated into them, after a labour of 10 months,
in which time he had to undergo the most extreme
privations and excessive perils ; not that these ex-
ceeded the hardships which were endured by the
licentiate Badillo, who entered upon its conquest
with a fine array,

ABIGIRAS, a settlement of Indians, one of the
missions, or a reduccion, which belonged to the
regular order of the Jesuits, in the province and
government ofMainas, of the kingdom of Quito ;
founded in the year 1665, by the father Lorenzo
Lucero, on the shore of the river Curarari, SO
leagues from its mouth, and 240 from Quito.

[ABINEAU Port, on the n. side of lake Erie,
is about 13 miles w. s. w. from fort Erie. Lat.
42° 6' n. Long. 79° 15' t».]

[ABINGDON, a town at the head of the tide
waters of Bush river, Harford county, Maryland,
12 miles s. w. from Havre-de-Grace, and 20 n. e.
from Baltimore. — Cokesbury college, instituted by
the methodists in 1785, is in this town. Lat.
39° 27' 30" n. Long. 76° 20' 35" ? 0 .]

[Abingdon, the chief town of V'Fashington
county, Virginia, contained but about 20 houses
in 1788, and in 1796 upwards of 150. It is about
145 miles from Campbell’s station, near Holston ;
260 from Richmond in Virginia, in a direct line,
and 310 as the road runs, bearing a little to the s.
of w. Lat, 36° 41' 30" n. Long."81° 59' ? 0 .]
[ABINGTON, a township in Plymouth coun-
ty, Massachusetts; 22 miles s. e. from Boston, and
contains 1453 inhabitants. Lat. 42° 4' 30".]

TAbington, a parish in the town of Pom-
fret in Connecticut. Lat. 42° 4' 30". Lono-. 70° 51'
30".]

[Abington, a village in Pennsylvania, 12
miles n. of Philadelphia,^

ABIPi, a small settlement of the jurisdiction of

Muzo, and corregimiento of Tunja, in the Nuevo
Reyno de Granada. It is of a hot temperature,
producing some whesat, maize, yucas^ plantains,
and canes ; it has been celebrated for its rich mines
of emeralds, ivhich are, however, at present aban-
doned from want of water ; it is nearly three
leagues distant from the large mine of Itoco.

ABIPONES, a nation of barbarous Indians, of
the province and government of Tucuman, in-
habiting the s. shores of the river Berraejo. Their
number once exceeded 100,000 ; but they are cer-
tainly at present much reduced. They go naked,
except that the women cover themselves with little'
skins, prettily ornamented, which they call quey-
api. They are very good swimmers, of a lofty
and robust stature, and well featured : but they
paint their faces and the rest of their body, and are
very much given to Avar, which they carry on
chiefly against such as come either to hunt or to
fish upon their territory. Their victims they have
a custom of sticking upon lofty poles, as a land-
mark, or by way of intimidation to their enemies.
From their infancy they cut and scarify their
bodies, to make themselves hardy. When their
country is inundated, which happens in the five
winter months, they retire to live in the islands, or
upon the tops of trees : they have some slight no-
tion of agriculture, but they live by fishing, and
the produce of the chase, holding in the highest
estimation the flesh of tigers, which they divide
among their relations, as a sort of precious relic or
dainty ; also asserting that it has the properties of
infusing strength and valour. They have no know-
ledge either of God, of law, or of policy ; bat they
believe in the immortality of the soul, and that
there is a land of consummate bliss, where they
shall dance and divert themselves after their death.
When a man dies, his Avidow observes a state of
celibacy, and fasts a year, which consists in an ab-
stinence from fish ; this period being fulfilled, an
assembly run out to meet her, and inform her that
her husband has given her leave to marry. The
Avomen occupy themselves in spinning and sevi'ing
hides ; the men are idlers, and the boys run about
thcAvholeday in exercisingtheirstrength. The men
are much addicted to drunkenness, and then the
women are accustomed to conceal their husband’s
Aveapons, for fear of being killed. They do not rear
more than tivo or three children, killing all above
this number.

ABISCA, an extensive province of the ki?ig-
domof Peru, to the e. of the Cordillera of the
Andes, betAveen the rivers Yetau and Amarumago,
ami to the of Cuzco, It is little knOAAUi, con-
sisting entirely of woods, rivers, and lakes ; and
B 2


Translation

ABERCORN, Pueblo de la Provincia y Colonia de Nueva Georgia, situado a orilla del río Savannach, cerca de su salida al mar, y una legua distante de la Ciudad de este nombre.

ABIDE, Montañas de, o Serranía de la Provincia y Gobierno de Cartagena. Corren ONE desde cerca del río grande de la Magdalena, hasta la Provincia y Gobierno del Chocó, y Mar del S cuyos términos o extensión no están conocidos: tienen 20 leguas de ancho, y las descubrió el Capitán Francisco César el año de 1536; siendo el primero que penetró su espesura, en que gastó casi 10 meses, padeciendo increíbles hambres y trabajos; y muchos más el Licenciado Badillo, que entró a su conquista con un lucido exército.

ABIGIRAS, Pueblo de Indios de esta nación, uno de las misiones o reducción, que tenian los Regulares de la extinguida Compañía, en la Provincia y Gobierno de Mainas, del Reyno de Quito, fundado el año de 1665 por el Padre Lorenzo Lucero, a orilla del río Curaran, 30 leguas de su boca y 240 de Quito.

ABIPI, Pueblo pequeño de la jurisdicción de Muzo y Corregimiento de Tunxa en el Nuevo Reyno de Granada ; es de temperamento cálido; produce algún trigo, maiz, yucas, plátanos y cañas : ha sido celebre por sus ricas minas de esmeraldas, que hoy están abandonadas por falta de agua: dista casi 3 leguas de la mina grande de Itocó.

ABIPONES, Nación de Indios bárbaros de la Provincia y Gobierno del Tucuman. Está a orillas y al S del río Bermejo. Fue antiguamente muy numerosa, pues aseguran que pasaban de cien mil; pero hoy están muy reducidos; andan desnudos, aunque las mujeres se cubren con pellejos bien aderezados, que llaman Queyapi. Son grandes nadadores, de alta y fornida estatura, y bien agestados; pero se labran la cara y el cuerpo, y son muy inclinados a la guerra, que mueven ordinariamente sobre si entran otros a pescar o cazar en sus límites, los quales tienen amojonados con largos horcones en que ponen las cabezas de los enemigos que matan: desde niños se curten y sajan el cuerpo para hacerse robustos: cuando se inunda su País, que es en los cinco meses de Invierno, se retiran a vivir en las Islas y sobre los árboles: suelen sembrar algo; pero viven de la caza y de la pesca, apreciando sobre todo la carne de los Tigres, que reparten como reliquia entre sus parientes, porque dicen que les infunde bríos y valor. No tienen conocimiento de Dios, Leyes, ni Policía; pero creen la inmortalidad del alma, y que hay una tierra de sumo deleyte,donde baylany se divierten quando mueren. La viuda en este caso guarda celibato, y por un año ayuna, que es abstenerse de comer pescado. Cumplido el tiempo salen al campo a decir que ya viene su marido a darlas licencia para que se casen. Las mujeres se ocupan en hilar y coser las pieles; los hombres son holgazanes, y los muchachos corren todo el día para exercitar las fuerzas. Son muy dados a la embriaguez, en cuyo tiempo las mugeres les esconden las armas para que no se maten. No crian mas que dos o tres hijos, y matan los demás.

ABISCA, Provincia dilatada del Reyno del Perú, al Levante de la Cordillera de los Andes, entre los ríos Yetau y Amarumayo, y al Mediodia del Cuzco. Es poco conocida por ser toda de bosques, ríos y lagunas, donde se han retirado muchas Naciones bárbaras de Indios que habitan en las pocas llanuras que tiene. El Emperador Yupanqui entró en ella para sujetarla a su Imperio, pero no lo pudo conseguir, ni tuvo mejor suceso Pedro de Candia que intentó lo mismo el año de 1538.

3


finger, but of so hard a texture, that, when split,
they cut exactly like a knife. These Indians speak
the Tchicachan language, and with the other na-
tions are in alliance against the Iroquees.

ABERCORN, a town of the province and colony of Nerv Georgia, on the shore of the river
Savannah, near wliere it enters the sea, and at a
league’s distance from the city of this name. [It is
about SO miles from the sea, 5 miles from Ebenezer,
and 13 n. w. of Savannah.]

ABIDE, mountains, or serrania, of the province and government of Cartagena. They run
from w. to n. e. from near the large river of Magdalena to the province of Choco, and the S. Sea.
Their limits and extent are not known, but they
are 20 leagues wide, and were discovered by Capt.
Francisco Cesar in 1536; he being the first Avho
penetrated into them, after a labour of 10 months,
in which time he had to undergo the most extreme
privations and excessive perils ; not that these ex-
ceeded the hardships which were endured by the
licentiate Badillo, who entered upon its conquest
with a fine array,

ABIGIRAS, a settlement of Indians, one of the
missions, or a reduccion, which belonged to the
regular order of the Jesuits, in the province and
government ofMainas, of the kingdom of Quito ;
founded in the year 1665, by the father Lorenzo
Lucero, on the shore of the river Curarari, SO
leagues from its mouth, and 240 from Quito.

[ABINEAU Port, on the n. side of lake Erie,
is about 13 miles w. s. w. from fort Erie. Lat.
42° 6' n. Long. 79° 15' t».]

[ABINGDON, a town at the head of the tide
waters of Bush river, Harford county, Maryland,
12 miles s. w. from Havre-de-Grace, and 20 n. e.
from Baltimore. — Cokesbury college, instituted by
the methodists in 1785, is in this town. Lat.
39° 27' 30" n. Long. 76° 20' 35" ? 0 .]

[Abingdon, the chief town of V'Fashington
county, Virginia, contained but about 20 houses
in 1788, and in 1796 upwards of 150. It is about
145 miles from Campbell’s station, near Holston ;
260 from Richmond in Virginia, in a direct line,
and 310 as the road runs, bearing a little to the s.
of w. Lat, 36° 41' 30" n. Long."81° 59' ? 0 .]
[ABINGTON, a township in Plymouth coun-
ty, Massachusetts; 22 miles s. e. from Boston, and
contains 1453 inhabitants. Lat. 42° 4' 30".]

TAbington, a parish in the town of Pom-
fret in Connecticut. Lat. 42° 4' 30". Lono-. 70° 51'
30".]

[Abington, a village in Pennsylvania, 12
miles n. of Philadelphia,^

ABIPi, a small settlement of the jurisdiction of

Muzo, and corregimiento of Tunja, in the Nuevo
Reyno de Granada. It is of a hot temperature,
producing some whesat, maize, yucas^ plantains,
and canes ; it has been celebrated for its rich mines
of emeralds, ivhich are, however, at present aban-
doned from want of water ; it is nearly three
leagues distant from the large mine of Itoco.

ABIPONES, a nation of barbarous Indians, of
the province and government of Tucuman, in-
habiting the s. shores of the river Berraejo. Their
number once exceeded 100,000 ; but they are cer-
tainly at present much reduced. They go naked,
except that the women cover themselves with little'
skins, prettily ornamented, which they call quey-
api. They are very good swimmers, of a lofty
and robust stature, and well featured : but they
paint their faces and the rest of their body, and are
very much given to Avar, which they carry on
chiefly against such as come either to hunt or to
fish upon their territory. Their victims they have
a custom of sticking upon lofty poles, as a land-
mark, or by way of intimidation to their enemies.
From their infancy they cut and scarify their
bodies, to make themselves hardy. When their
country is inundated, which happens in the five
winter months, they retire to live in the islands, or
upon the tops of trees : they have some slight no-
tion of agriculture, but they live by fishing, and
the produce of the chase, holding in the highest
estimation the flesh of tigers, which they divide
among their relations, as a sort of precious relic or
dainty ; also asserting that it has the properties of
infusing strength and valour. They have no know-
ledge either of God, of law, or of policy ; bat they
believe in the immortality of the soul, and that
there is a land of consummate bliss, where they
shall dance and divert themselves after their death.
When a man dies, his Avidow observes a state of
celibacy, and fasts a year, which consists in an ab-
stinence from fish ; this period being fulfilled, an
assembly run out to meet her, and inform her that
her husband has given her leave to marry. The
Avomen occupy themselves in spinning and sevi'ing
hides ; the men are idlers, and the boys run about
thcAvholeday in exercisingtheirstrength. The men
are much addicted to drunkenness, and then the
women are accustomed to conceal their husband’s
Aveapons, for fear of being killed. They do not rear
more than tivo or three children, killing all above
this number.

ABISCA, an extensive province of the ki?ig-
domof Peru, to the e. of the Cordillera of the
Andes, betAveen the rivers Yetau and Amarumago,
ami to the of Cuzco, It is little knOAAUi, con-
sisting entirely of woods, rivers, and lakes ; and
B 2


Translation

ABERCORN, Pueblo de la Provincia y Colonia de Nueva Georgia, situado á orilla del rio Savannach, cerca de su salida al mar, y una legua distante de la Ciudad de este nombre.

ABIDE, Montañas de) ó Serranía de la Provincia y Gobierno de Cartagena. Corren ONE desde cerca del rio grande de la Magdalena, hasta la Provincia y Gobierno del Chocó, y Mar del S cuyos términos ó extensión no están conocidos: tienen 20 leguas de ancho, y las descubrió el Capitán Francisco César el año de 1536; siendo el primero que penetró su espesura, en que gastó casi 10 meses, padeciendo increíbles hambres y trabajos; y muchos mas el Licenciado Badillo, que entró á su conquista con un lucido exército.

ABIGIRAS, Pueblo de Indios de esta nación, uno de las misiones ó reducción, que tenian los Regulares de la extinguida Compañía, en la Provincia y Gobierno de Mainas, del Reyno de Quito, fundado el año de 1665 por el Padre Lorenzo Lucero, á orilla del rio Curaran, 30 leguas de su boca y (240 de Quito.

ABIPI, Pueblo pequeño de la jurisdicción de Muzo y Corregimiento de Tunxa en el Nuevo Reyno de Granada ; es de temperamento cálido; produce algún trigo, maiz, yucas, plátanos y cañas : ha sido celebre por sus ricas minas de esmeraldas, que hoy están abandonadas por falta de agua: dista casi 3 leguas de la mina grande de Itocó.

ABIPONES, Nación de Indios bárbaros de la Provincia y Gobierno del Tucuman. Está á orillas y al S del rio Bermejo. Fué antiguamente muy numerosa, pues aseguran que pasaban de cien mil; pero hoy están muy reducidos; andan desnudos, aunque las mugeres se cubren con pellejos bien aderezados, que llaman Queyapi. Son grandes nadadores, de alta y fornida estatura, y bien agestados; pero se labran la cara y el cuerpo, y son muy inclinados á la guerra, que mueven ordinariamente sobre si entran otros á pescar ó cazar en sus límites, los quales tienen amojonados con largos horcones en que ponen las cabezas de los enemigos que matan: desde niños se curten y sajan el cuerpo para hacerse robustos: quando se inunda su Pais, que es en los cinco meses de Invierno, se retiran á vivir en las Islas y sobre los árboles: suelen sembrar algo; pero viven de la caza y de la pesca, apreciando sobre todo la carne de los Tigres, que reparten como reliquia entre sus parientes, porque dicen que les infunde bríos y valor. No tienen conocimiento de Dios, Leyes, ni Policía; pero creen la inmortalidad del alma, y que hay una tierra de sumo deleyte,donde baylany se divierten quando mueren. La viuda en este caso guarda celibato, y por un año ayuna, que es abstenerse de comer pescado. Cumplido el tiempo salen al campo á decir que ya viene su marido á darlas licencia para que se casen. Las mugeres se ocupan en hilar y coser las pieles; los hombres son holgazanes, y los muchachos corren todo el dia para exercitar las fuerzas. Son muy dados á la embriaguez, en cuyo tiempo las mugeres les esconden las armas para que no se maten. No crian mas que dos ó tres hijos, y matan los demás.

ABISCA, Provincia dilatada del Reyno del Perú, al Levante de la Cordillera de los Andes, entre los rios Yetau y Amarumayo, y al Mediodia del Cuzco. Es poco conocida por ser toda de bosques, rios y lagunas, donde se han retirado muchas Naciones bárbaras de Indios que habitan en las pocas llanuras que tiene. El Emperador Yupanqui entró en ella para sujetarla á su Imperio, pero no lo pudo conseguir, ni tuvo mejor suceso Pedro de Candia que intentó lo mismo el año de 1538.