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S92

CHILE.

of declaring war is by sending from town to town
an arrow clenched in a dead man’s hand,
which they call comocatoria; and this they did
in the year 1723, making terrible havoc and
slaughter. This kingdom is evidently, from
what has been asserted, the most fertile, abun-
dant, rich, and delightful region of all America ;
to which Nature has granted, in profusion, all
that she has given to others, either with a sparing
hand, or at too high a price. The people are
liealthy and robust. The wind which generally
prevails is thes. w. and the Puelche, which comes
from the cordillera, is somewhat troublesome. [The
Puelche wind takes its name from some Indians so
called, and from whose country it blows.] Chile
is divided into two bishoprics, suffragan to the
archbishopric of Lima ; and these are of Santiago
and La Concepcion. It is governed by a president,
governor, and captain-general, which title was
first possessed by Doii Melchor Bravo de Saravia,
and its government is divided into 18 provinces
or districts, which are,

Cuyo,

Copiapo,

l-a Serena or Coquimbi
Quillota,

Aconcagua,

Santiago,

Melipilla,

Rancagua,

Colchagua,

And the islands of Jua
tal is Santiago.

Catalogue of the barbarous Nations and principal
Places in the kingdom of Chile.

Nations. Mountains.

Chacao,

Chilian,

Concepcion.

Confines,

Copiapo,

Coquimbo or La Se-

rena,

Imperial,

Loyola,

Mendoza,

Osorno,

Santiago,

San Juan de la Fron-
tera,

San Luis de Loyola,
Valdivia,

Valparaiso,

Villarica.

Forts.

Arauco,

Los Angeles,

Eyou,

Guasco,

Y tata,

Labapi,

Laxa,

Lebo,

Ligua,

Liman,

Limathi,

Longatoma,

Mapocho,

Mataquito,

Maule,

Maypo,

Nubbe or Nuble,
Pereroa,

Poangue,

Queule,

Ralemo,

Salado,

Teno,

Maule,

Tucapel,

Tongoy,

Ytata,

Yumbel.

Topocalma,

Chilian,

Promontories.

Turuyan,

Estancia del Rey or

Ballena,

Uten.

Rede,

Carnero,

Ports.

Puchacay,

Cauten,

Castro,

La Concepcion,

Changui,

Cauten,

Valdivia,

Feliz,

Cerrito Verde,

Chiloe,

Villiva,

Chacao,

Fernandez. The capi-

Rivers.

Andalie,

Cumberland,

Guasco,

Antallis,

Araucanos,

Cauquis,

Chauracabis,

Guarpes,

JUncos,

Pequenches,

Pevinges,

Pincus,

Poyas,

P niches,
Yanacunas.

Lakes.

Aguas Calientes,
Guanacache,
Mallabauquen,
Padaguel,

Puren.

Antojo,

Chilian, vole.

Chuapa, vole.

Estancia de Rey, gold,
Larapangui, silver,
Ligua, vole.

Llaon, gold,
Llupangui, gold,
Notuco, vole.

Payen, lead,

Peteroa, vole.

Petorca, gold,
Quillacoya, gold,
Sinn, vole.

Yapel, gold.

Cities.

Calbuco,

Canetej

Castro,

Arancagua,

Biobio,

Buono,

Cachapoal,

Cauquenes,

Cauren,

Cauten,

Chavin,

Civapa,

Claro,

Copiapo,

Curarahua,

De Lora,

De la Sal,

Paracas,

Quillin,

Talcaguano,

Tome,

Tongoy.

Isles.

Chiloe,

Clones,

Farallones,

Fernandez,

Guaiteca,

Moche,

Quiriquina,

Santa Maria.

Catalogue of the Presidents, Governors, and Cap-
tains-general of the Kingdom of Chile.

1. The Adelantado Pedro de Valdivia, conquer-
or of the kingdom; he served much, and with
great valour, in the conquest of Peru, was a colo-
nel of foot under Francis Pizarro, entered in the
year 1537, founded the first towns, and governed
until the year 1551 ; he was made prisoner, fight-

2

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