much incommoded by mosquitos ; so that its po-
pulation is much reduced, and those that remain
apply themselves to the cultivation of sugar-canes,
maize, yucas^ and plantains.
COLONCHE, a small settlement of Indians,
of the district and jurisdiction of Santa Elena,
in the government of Guayaquil, and kingdom
of Quito ; situate on the s. shore of a river,
from whence it takes its name, in lat. 1° 56' s.
The said river rises in the mountains of the
district, and enters the S. sea, opposite the island
of La Plata.
Colonche, a small island of the S. sea, near
the coast of the province and government of Gua-
COLONIES OF THE English. See the
articles Virginia, Carolina, New England,
New York, Jersey, Massachusetts, Rhode
Island, Pennsylvania, Nova Scotia ; of the
J3utch, see Surinam, Berbice, Corentin,
CuRAZAo ; of the Portuguese, San Gabriel;
of the French, Cayenne, St. Domingo, Mar-
tinique; of the Danes, St. Thomas. (See gene-
ral Tables of Dominions, &c. in the introductory
COLOPO, a large river of the province and
government of Esmeraldas in the kingdom of
Quito. It runs from s. e. to n. w. at an almost
equal distance between the rivers Esmeraldas and
Verde, and runs into the S. sea, in the bay of San
Mateo, in lat. 58' n.
COLOR, Cabo de, a cape on the coast of the
province and captainship of Sergipé in Brazil. It
lies between the rivers Real and Ponica.
COLORADA, Punta, a point on the coast of
the N. sea, and in the province and government
of Venezuela, to the e. of the cape San Roman.
COLORADA, a river of tlie jurisdiction and
alcaldta mayor of Penonomé, in the government
of Panama, and kingdom of Tierra Firme. It rises
in the mountains to the s. and enters the Pacific
near the settlement of Anton.
COLORADO, a settlement of the province
and government of Tucumán, in the district and
jurisdiction of the city of Salta, and s. s. e. of the
Colorado, a settlement of the province and go-
vernment of Santa Marta in the kingdom of Tierra
Firme; situate on the shore of the river of its name.
Colorado, a river of the province and corre-
^imiento of Cuyo in the kingdom of Chile. It
rises in its cordillera, to the n. runs e. and spends
itself in various lakes, on account of the level of
tlie country. The geographer Cruz errs in making
it enter the river Maipo.
Colorado, another, a large river of the pro-:
vince and government of Sonora in Nueva
Colorado, another, a small river of the pro-
vince and government of Santa Marta in the
kingdom of Tierra Firme, which enters the great
river Magdalena before you come to the town
Colorado, another, in the province and go-
vernment of Louisiana, near the road wliich leads
to Mexico. It runs s. e. in a very large stream,
and enters the sea in the bay of San Bernardo.
Colorado, a cape or point of land of the s.
coast of St. Domingo, in the part possessed by
the French, between the bays of Tondo and Puer. .
Colorado, a mountain of the province and
government of Tucumán, on the shore of the river
Salado, and to the s. of the settlement of Nuestra'
Sefiora de Buenas Costumbres. ;
COLORADOS, a barbarous nation of Indians,
of the province and corregimiento of Tacunga in
the kingdom of Quito, who inhabit some moun-,
tains of the same name, very craggy and rugged,
abounding in animals and wild beasts, such as
bears, lions, tigers, deer, squirrels, monkeys, and
marmosets. These Indians, although the greater
part of them are reduced to the Catholic faith by
the extinguished company of the Jesuits, are
given to superstition ; they are divided into two
parts, the one called the Colorados of Angamarca,
since tlieir principal settlement bears this title, and
the other the Colorados of St. Domingo ; they now,
belong to the province and government of Esme-
raklas, and live retired in the woods, and upon the
banks of the rivers Toachi and Quininay, where
the missionaries of the religion of St. Domingo of
Quito exercise their apostolical zeal. The princi-
pal settlement of this place, being situate on the w.
shore, is called St. Domingo. The commerce of
these Indians, and by which they subsist, is in
carrying to Guayaquil, the province by which
they are bounded , w dod for making canoes and rafts,
sugar-canes, achiote, and agi pepper, and bring-
ing back in exchange cattle, fish, soap, and other
COLOSO, a settlement of the province and
government ©f Cartagena ; situate on the shore of
the river Pechelin, to the s. s. w. of the town
of Maria, to the jurisdiction^of which it apper-
COLOTLAN, a settlement and head settlement
of the alcaldia mayor of Mextitlan in Nueva Es-
pana. It contains 240 families of Indians, and is
three leagues to the w. of its capital.
COLOTLIPAN, a settlement of the head set-