C H U
C H U
Asicnto de Quivio,
CHUMEHE, a settlement of the province and
corregimiento of Cuenca in the kingdom of Quito.
CHUMPULL, a settlement of the district and
province of Toltenbaxo in the kingdom of Chile;
situate near the sea-coast in the point of Tiraha.
Same name, a river of this province (Toltenbaxo), which
runs n. n. w. and enters the Callacalla.
CHUNANAS, an ancient nation of Indians of
the province of Cuzco in Peru. It was subjected
and made tributary to the empire by the Inca Huay-
nacapac, thirteenth Monarch of Peru.
CHUNCARA, a settlement of the corregimiento
of Cuzco in Peru ; one of those which have re-
mained in this kingdom from the time of the
Incas. It was the boundary or extent of the
conquests of Sinchiroca, eleventh Emperor, and
he left at it a strong garrison to guard against in-
vasion from the neighbouring people. Twenty
leagues from its capital.
CHUNCHANGA, a settlement of the province
and corregimiento of Yea in Peru.
CHUNCHI, a settlement of the province and
corregimiento of Chimbo in the kingdom of Quito ;
lying between the rivers Alausi to the n. and Po-
mallacta to the w.
Same name, another settlement of the province
and government of Jaen de Bracamoros in the
same kingdom. It is entirely of Indians, of an hot
climate, atid in its territory towards the n. and
towards the e. are some gold mines, which were
in former times worked, but to-day abandoned.
Its situation is between the rivers Patacones to the
e. and Chinchipe to the w. upon the high road
which leads from Loyola to Tomependa.
CHUNCHILEA, a river of the district of
Guadalabquen in the kingdom of Chile. It runs n. n. w.
and enters the Callacalla.
CHUNCHIPE, a river of the province and
government of Jaen de Bracamoros in the king-
dom of Quito. It runs s. and forming a bend
towards the e. enters theMaranon.
CHUNCHOS, a barbarous nation of Indians,
of the province and government of Tarma in Peru,
and much dreaded by the Spaniards, on account
of the repeated incursions made by those savages
on their possessions. In Lima they are in a con-
tinal state of fear and apprehension of some sud-
den attack from these enemies ; for in 1742 they
took and destroyed several settlements and estates,
killing many Franciscan monks who were mis-
sionaries amongst them. They were, however,
once attacked by the brigadier, the Marquis de
Mena Hermosa, general of Callao, who construct-
ed some forts, which are still served with artillery
and troops sufficient to protect them. These In-
dians have a chief or prince, called the chuncho,
descended, according to their accounts, from the
royal race of the Incas, who would fain lay
claim to the monarchy of Peru as his right; and
accordingly, in 1744, represented to the Marquis
of Villa Garcia, not without great threats, his in-
tention of doing himself justice by force of arms :
he is a Catholic, and has added to h is own honours the
title of King of Peru ; he was brought up at Lima
amongst the Spaniards as the son of a cazique,
where he was instructed in the rules of government,
policy, and military tactics, which he introduced
into his own country, and made known the use
of swords and fire-arms. He went to Rome dis-
guised as a menial, was introduced to the court of
Madrid, where he kissed the hand of King Philip
V. and the foot of the Pontiff Clement XII. He
has two sons well instructed and equal in mental
energies. These Chuiichos Indians are numerous,
and live, some of them, in villages, and others
scattered over the mountains and in the woods ;
they maintain a secret correspondence with the
"Indians of all the other settlements of Peru and
Quito, as well as with the Christians and infidels
inhabiting the forests where missions are establish-
ed ; by tliis means they know vvhat is passing in
all the provinces, cities, and settlements, &c.
Many Indians who are malcontents, or fugitives
from justice on account oferimeordebt, invariably
betake themselves to the Chunchos, and this is the
reason why this nation is so very populous. The
viceroy of Peru uses the greatest precautions, and is
continually on the alert against any movements of
the Chunchos or other Indians, and keeps a garri-
son of good troops upon his frontiers.
CHUNCHURI, an ancient province of Peru
in Las Charcas. It is small, and its natives were
the most valorous and hardy of any in the king-
dom. The Inca Roca, fourth Emperor, subjected
them, having attacked them with 30,000 of his
CHUNGUI, a settlement of the province Huamanga.
3 o 2