raent and head settlenient of the district of the al-
caldia mayor of Tepozcolula in the same kingdom.
It is of a mild temperature, and contains a convent
of the religious order of St. Domingo, and 128 fa-
milies of Indians, who occupy themselves in the
trade of cochineal, as likewise of certain seeds
which they sow in ihe ranchos. Four leagues to
the n. by s. of its capital.
Chilapa, San Pedro de, another, of the head
settlement of the district of Huitepec, and alcaldia
mayor of Ixquintepec, in the same kingdom. It
contains 30 families of Indians, and is five leagues
to the n. with a slight inclination to the e. of its
CHILAQUE, a settlement of the head settle-
ment of the district of Olintla, and alcaldia mayor
of Zacatlan, in Nueva España. It is situate in a
delightful glen surrounded by rocks, and is water-
ed by various streams, being distant five leagues
from its head settlement.
CHILATECA, S. JUAN DE, a settlement of
the head settlement of the district of Cuilapa, and
alcaldia mayor of Quatro Villas, in Nueva Es-
pana. It contains 52 families of Indians, who
trade in cochineal, seeds, and fruits, and collect
coal and timber, all of which form branches of
their commerce. Five leagues to the s.e. of its
CHILCA, a settlement of the province and cor-
regimiento of Canete in Peru, with a small but
safe and convenient port. It abounds in saltpetre,
which its natives carry to Lima for the purpose of
making gunpowder, on which account they are
for the most part muleteers or carriers. In its
vicinity are the remains of some magnificent build-
ings which belonged to the Incas of Peru. The
name of Chilca is given by the Indians of the same
kingdom, as also by those of the kingdom of Quito,
to a small tree or shrub which is a native of hot
climates, and which, when burnt to ashes, is
often used as lye for the use of the sugar en-
Chi DC A, a beautiful and extensive valley of
this province, which, although it be not irrigated
by any river, stream, or fountain, by which it
might be fertilized, produces an abundant harvest of
maize. The seed of this is accustomed to be
buried in the ground with heads of pilchards, an
abundance of which fish is found upon the coast;
and thus, by the moisture arising from this prac-
tice, and by the morning dews, the soil becomes
suflaciently moistened to produce a very fair crop.
The same method is observed, and the same effect
produced, with regard to other fruits and herbs ;
but for drinking and culinary uses, the little
water that is procured is drawn from wells. Lat.
12° 3P 5. Long. 76° 35' w.
CHILCAIMARCA, a settlement of the pro-
vince and corregimiento of Condesuyos de Are-
quipa in Peru ; annexed to the curacy of An-
CHILCAIO, a settlement of the province and
government of Lucimas in Peru ; annexed to the
curacy of Querobamba.
CHILCAS, a settlement of the province and
corregimiento of Caxatambo in Peru ; annexed to
the curacy of Hacas.
Chilcas, another settlement of the province
and corregimiento of Huanta in the same kingdom ;
annexed to the curacy of Tambos.
CHILCHAIOTLA, a settlement of the head
settlement of the district and alcaldia mayor of
Zochicoatlan in Nueva España; situate on the
side of a hill. It is of a hot temperature, contains
26 families of Indians, and is 11 leagues to the n.
of its capital.
CHILCHOIAQUE, a settlement of the head
settlement of TIacolula, and alcaldia mayor of
Xalapa, in Nueva Espana ; situate in a very ex-
tensive glen, surrounded by heights which begin
in the neighbourhood of Xilotepec, and run some-
what more than a league in length. The popula-
tion is very scanty, and the temperature bad ;
indeed, out of the many families which formerly
inhabited it, 19 only are remaining ; these employ
themselves in the rancherias^ agriculture being
indispensably necessary to their maintenance,
owing to the barrenness of the territory of the dis-
trict. At the distance of a league to the n. of Xa-
lapa, and on the side of the royal road leading to
^^exico, is the great mill of Lucas Martin. Here
the lands are fertilized by the large river Cerdeilo ;
by the waters of which also other settlements arc
supplied, as likewise some of ihe ranchos^ wherein
employment is found for upwards of SO families
of Spaniards, some Mustees^ and many Indians.
Four leagues to the s. w. of its head settlement.
GHILCHOTA, the alcaldia mayor and juris-
diction of the province and bishopric of Mecho-
aedn. It is very mean, and reduced to a few small
settlements, which lie so nigh together, that their
situations are pointed out to tlie traveller by crosses
stuck up in the roads. Its population consists of
470 families of Tarascos Indians, and about 300 of
Spaniards, Mulattoes, and Mustees\ who are,
for the most part, scattered in the agricultural
estates of its district, where, from the fertility of the
soil, wheat, maize, and other seeds, are cultivated
in abundance. The country is agreeable, and well
stocked with every kind of fruit trees. The capi-