388

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388

spicaous arc the parish church, the college which
belonged to the Jesuits, and the convent of St.
Francisco. It enjoys a mild and pleasant tempe
rature, and its principal commerce consists in silver,
which it derives in large quantities from its mines,
and which is given in exchange for all kinds of
articles of merchandize, brought hither by such as
are induced to visit this place, and who are at
tracted in great numbers, so as to render the town
extremely populous. [This town is surrounded
with considerable mines to the e. of the great
real of Santa Rosa de Cosiguiriachi. It was found
ed in 1691, and has a population of about 7000
souls, according to Pike, though Humboldt esti
mates the same at 11,600. It is 260 leagues
77. n. w. of Mexico, in long. 104° 32', and lat. 28°
47' n.]

CHIGUAGUILA, a settlement and real of the
mines of the province and government of Sonora.

CHIGUAGUILLA, a settlement of the pro
vince and government of Cinaloa ; situate near
the sierra, 40 leagues to the e. a quarter to the
n. e. of the town of Los Alamos,

CHIGUARA, a settlement of the government
and jurisdiction of Maracaibo in the province of
Venezuela. It is of a cold temperature, abounds
in cacao, sugar-cane, and other vegetable produc
tions peculiar to the climate. It was formerly a
large and rich town, owing to the number of estates
which lie within its district, and particularly to
one within a league’s distance, called Los Estan
gues, in which there used to be upwards of 40,000
head of large cattle ; to another also which belong
ed to the regulars of the society of Jesuits, called
La Selva. It is, however, at the present day,
destroyed and laid waste by the incursions of the
Motilones Indians ; and its population scarcely
amounts to 40 Indians and 90 whites.

CHIHEMECOMET, an island of the province
and colony of N. Carolina, near the coast, and to
the n. of the province of Hateras.

[CHIHOHOEKI, an Indian nation, who were
confederates of the Lenopi or Delawares, and in
habited the w. bank of Delaware river, which was
anciently called by their name. Their s. boundary
was Duck creek, in Newcastle county.]

CHIHUATA, a settlement of the province and
corregimiento of Arequipa in Peru. It is of a cold
temperature, and in its jurisdiction is a lake, from
whence is taken salt sufficient to supply the whole
province, the surplus being used in the working of
the metals.

CHIKAGO River empties into the s. w. end
of lake Michigan, where a fort formerly stood.

Here The Indians Have Ceded To The United States
by the treaty of Greenville, a tract of land six miles
square.

CHIKEHAUK, an island of the N. sea, near
the coast of N . Carolina. This coast forms with
the same island the strait of Currotuck.

CHILA, a settlement and head settlement of
the district of the alcaldia mayor of Acatlan in
Nueva España. It contains 200 families of In
dians, some of Spaniards diad. Mustees, and a con
vent of the religious order of St. Domingo.

CHILAC, San Gabriel de, a settlement and
head settlement of the district of the alcaldia mayor
of Thehuacan in Nueva España. It contains 286
families of Indians, and lies four leagues to the
5. w. of its capital.

CHILAPA, a capital settlement of the alcaldia
mayor of this name in Nueva España. Its tem
perature is rather cold. It contains 41 families of
Spaniards, 72 of Mustees, 26 of Mulattoes, and
447 of Indians, and a convent of the religious
order of St. Augustin ; belonging, in as much as
regards its ecclesiastical functions, to the bishop
ric of La Puebla. The jurisdiction is composed
of 11 head settlements of districts, and of 23 others,
in which are enumerated 2503 families of Indians,
65 of Spaniards, 116 of Mustees, and 47 of Mu
lattoes ; all of whom are occupied in the cultiva
tion and selling of its natural productions, which
are sugar, honey, and cascalote, and in the mak
ing of earthen-ware and scarlet cloth. This settle
ment abounds also in wild wax, cotton, in the
fruits of the country, potatoes, and other vegetables.
It is sixty leagues to the s. a quarter to the s. w.
of Mexico, in long. 99°, and lat. 17° 11'. The
other settlements are,

Holcazautitlan, Tehuaustitlan,

Zacanhualin,
Tlaquilzingo,

Palantla,

Ayahualtempa,

Petatlan,

Ayahualulco,

Mitlazingo,

Temalacl,

Hostutla,

Mezquitlan,

Papulatla,

Tollman,

Atengo,

Comala,

San Juan de la Brea,
Zitlala,

Acatlan,

Azaquiloya,

Acazango,

Hahuacazingo,

Pochotla,

Alpoyeca,
Xintopantla,

Tepoxtlan,
Quecholtenango,
San Martin,
Colotlipan,
Xocutla,
Nazintla,
Teozintla,
Zicultepec,
Calmetitlan.

Chilapa, San Miguel de, another settle-

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