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The geographical and historical dictionary of America and the West Indies [volume 1]



or New Spain, was built bj the Spaniards, as well as the stations of St. Michael and St. Philip, to secure the road from Mechoacan to the silver mines of Zacatea. They have also given this name to several boroughs of America; as to that in Hispaniola island, and to a sea-port of California, &C.)

CONCHA, San Martin de la, a town and capital of the province and corregimiento of Quillota in the kingdom of Chile ; founded in 1726 by the Licentiate Don Joseph dc Santiago Concha, who gave it his name, being at the time temporal president of this kingdom. Its situation is in a valley, the most beautiful and fertile of any in the Jcingdom, and it particularly abounds in wheat. It has been celebrated for the abundance of gold that has been taken out of a mine within its district, and for the protection of which a fort had been built by Pedro de Valdivia. It has a very ^ood parish church, three convents of the religious orders of St. Francis, St. Augustin, and La Merced, and a collec^e which belona-ed to the regulars of the company of Jesuits, and which is at present occupied by {jic monks of St. Domingo, and a house of retirement for spiritual exercies, founded and endowed by a certain individual. In the district of this city European chesnuts grow, and not far from it is a lime-kiln belonging to the king, and which renders a supply for the works going on at the garrison of Valdivia. Nine leagues from Valparayso. Lat, 32^48' s. Long. 71° 10' zo.

Concha, a settlement of Indians of S. Carolina; situate near the source of the river Sonlahowe.

Concha, a bay on the coast of the province and government of Santa Marta, to the e. of the cape of La Aguja.

Concha, a settlement of the province and government of Tucumán in Peru ; situate at the moiitli of the river of its name, and where it enters the Pasage.

Concha, a river in the jurisdiction of the city of Salta, runs e. and enters the Pasage between the river Blanco and that of Metau.

CONCHACHITOUU, a settlement of Indians of S. Carolina, where a fort has been built by the English for the defence of the establishment which they hold there.

CONCHALI, a river of the province and corregimienlo of Quillota in the kingdom of Chile. It runs Z 0 . and enters the sea.

CONCHAMARCA, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Huanuco in Peru ; anaexed to the curacy of San Miguel de Huacar.

CONCHAO, a settlement of the province and

CON 503

corregimiento of Caxatambo in Peru ; annexed to the curacy of Andajes.

(CONCHAS, a parish of the province and government of Buenos Ayres ; situate on a river of the same name, about six leagues n. zs. of Buenos Ayres. Lat. 34° 24' 56" s. Long. 58° 23' 30" ay.)

Conchas, a small river of the province and government of Buenos Ayres. It runs n. e. and enters the river La Plata, at a small distance from the capital.

Conchas, another river, in the province and captainship of the Rio Grande in Brazil. It is small, rises near the coast, and empties itself at the mouth of that of Amargoso.

Conchas, another, of the kingdom of Nueva España, which runs into the sea at the bay of Mexico, being first united to the Bravo.

Conchas, another, a small river of the province and government of Buenos Ayres, distinct from that of which we have spoken. It runs zso. and enters the Parana, close to the settlement of La Baxada de Santa Fe.

(CONCHATTAS, Indians of N. America, almost the same people as the Allibamis. They first lived on Bayau Chico, in Appelousa district ; but, four years ago, moved to the river Sabine, settled themselves on the e. bank, where they now live, in nearly a s. direction from Natchitoch, and distant about 80 miles. They call their number of men about 160 ; but say, if they were altogether, they would amount to 200. Several families of them live in detached settlements. They are good hunters. Game is here in plenty. They kill an uncommon number of bears. One man alone, during the summer and fall hunting, sometimes kills 400 deer, and sells his skins at 40 dollars per 100. The bears usually yield from eight to 12 gallons of oil, each of which never sells for less than a dollar a gallon, and the skin a dollar more. No great quantity of the meat is saved. What the hunters do not use when out, they generally give to their dogs. The Conchattas are friendly with all other Indians, and speak well of their neighbours the Carankouas, who, they say, live about 80 miles s. of them, on the bay, which is the nearest point to the sea from Natchitoches. A tew families of Chactaws have lately settled near them from Bayau Bceiif. The Conchattas speak Creek, which is their native language, and Chactaw, and several of them English ; and one or two of tliem can read it a little.)

CONCHOS, San Francisco DE LOS, a Settlement and garrison of the province of the Tepeguana, and kingdom of Nueva Vizcaya ; situate

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