The geographical and historical dictionary of America and the West Indies [volume 1]
cattle of all sorts; aiul there arc some gold mines, though they produce at present very sp:n ingly; some of the silver mines, Avhlch were very fruitful, have lately filled with water, and attempts have been made in vain to empty them. Indeed the only mines which have produced any great wealth are those found in the mountains of Aullagas, and from them, for some years past, metals of the rarest qualities have been extracted. In the woods of the valleys, which produce very fine and excellent timber, are found wolves, tigers, and other wild beasts inhabiting the mountains ; also a species of bees, which form their combs in the hollows of trees, and the honey of which they call de charas. There is a river in this province composed of several streams, and which unites itself with the Cochabamba. The number of its inhabitants amounts to 36,000, who are divided into 27 settlements. Its reparlimienfo used to amount to 92,665 dollars, and its n/cflxvife to 7-11 dollars per annum. It is one of the richest provinces of Peru.
The capital is of the same name, and the other settlements are,
San Francisco dc Micani, San Marcos de Mirailores,
Santiago de l\Ioscari,
San Pedro de Buenavista, Acasio,
(CHEAT River rises in Randolph county, Virginia, and after pursuing a n. n. w. course, joins Monongahela river, three or four miles within the Pennsylvania line. It is 200 yards wide at its moutli, and 100 yards at the Dunkards settlement, 50 miles higher, and is navigable for boats, except in dry seasons. There is a portage of 37 miles from this river to the Potowmack, at the mouth of Savage river.)
nada, of a cold temperature. It lies between some mountains, and abounds in the produclioris of a, cold climate, such as wheat, maize, trullles, and barley ; it consists of 100 house-keepers, and of 40 Indians, all of Avliom are subject to the disorder of the cotos, or swelling of the throat; is 21 leagues to the n. e. of Tunja.
CHEBEN, a river of Nova Scotia. It rises from a small lake near the settlement and fort of Sackville, runs n. and enters the Basin des Mines, or of the Mines, of the bay of Fundy.
(CHEBUCTO, a bay and harbour on the s. s. e. coast of Nova Scotia, distinguished by the loss of a French fleet in a former war between France and Great Britain. Near the head of this bay, on the w. side, stands the city of Halifax, the capital of the province.)
CHECHIRGANTI, a river of the province and government of Darien in the kingdom of Tierra Firme. It rises in the mountains on the n. side, runs n. and enters the sea in the small beech or playon, opposite the port of Calidonia.
CHECHAS. See Chancay.
(CHEDABUCTO, or Milford Haven, a large and deep bay on the easternmost part of Nova Scotia, at the mouth of the gut of Canso. Opposite to its mouth stands isle Madame. Salmon river falls into this bay from the w. and is remarkable for one of the greatest fisheries in the world.)
(CHEESADAWD Lake, about 210 miles n. e. by e. of the Canadian house, on the c. end of Slave lake, in the Hudson bay company’s territory, is about 35 miles in length, and the same in breadth. Its w. shore is mountainous and rocky.)
3. Don Fray Geronimo de Corella, of the order of St. Jerome, native of Valencia, descended from tlic Connls of Cocentayna ; prior of the convent of his country, and afterwards of tliat of Nuestra Sehora del Prado, when he was elected bishop of this diocese in J562.
4. Don Fray Alonso de la Cerda, of the order of preachers ; promoted to the archbishopric of Charcas in 1577.
5. Don Fray Caspar de Andrada, a Franciscan monk, and native of Toledo ; collegian of the college of San Pedro and San Pablo of Alcala de Henares, guardian of the convents of S. Juan dc los Reyes in Toledo and in Madrid, visitor of the provinces of Arragon, a celebrated preacher, and elected to this bishopric in 1588 ; he governed 24 years, and died in 1612.
6. Don Fray Alonso Galdo, a monk of the order of St. Dominic, native of Valladolid, presented in 1612; he visited its bishopric, was of exemplary conduct, and being full of years and infirmities, he requested that a coadjutor might be nominated in 1628 ; and this was,
7. Xion Fray Luis de Canizares, a religious minim of St. Francis of Paula, native of Madrid ; he was lecturer in his convent, and in that of Alcala, calificador and consultor of the inquisition in Valladolid ; nominated through the nuncio of of his holiness; was visitor of the province of Andalucia, bishop of Nueva Carceres in Philippines, and promoted to this see, where he died, in 1645.
8. Don Juan Merlo de la Fuente, doctoral c^Lnon of the church of the Puebla de los Angeles, elected bishop of Nuevo Segovia in the Philippines, which oflBce he did not accept, and was bishop here in 1648.
9. Don Pedro de los Reyes Rios of Madrid, native of Seville, monk of the order of San Benito, master, preacher in general, theological doctor, and poser to the cathedrals of the university of Oviedo, difinidor and abbot of the monasteries of San Isidro de Dueilas, San Claudio de liCon, and San Benito de Sevilla, preacher to Charles II. elected bishop of this church, and before he went over to it, promoted to that of Yucatan in 1700.
10. Don Fray Juan Perez Carpintero; elected in the same year, 1700.
11. Don Fray Angel Mnldonado, native of Ocaila, monk of San Bernardo, doctor and professor of theology in the university of Alcala ; he wrote in defence of the right of Philip V. to the crown of Spain ; presented to the bishopric of Honduras, and after taking possession, promoted to the church of Antequara in 1702.
12. Don Fray Antonio Guadalupe Lopez Por-
tillo, native of Guadalaxara in Nueva Espaha, of the order of St. Francis, a man of great learning and virtue, domestic prelate of his holiness Benedict NHL; presented to the bishopric of Comayagua in 1725 ; he died in 1742.
13. Don Flay Francisco Molina, of the order of St. Basil, master of theology, abbot of the monastery of Cuellar, thrice of that of Madrid, and twice difinidor general of Castille ; elected in 1743.
14. Don Diego Rodriguez Rivas de Velasco, native of Riobamba in the kingdom of Quito, doctor of both laws in the university of Alcala, collegian of the college of Los Verdes, titular archdeacon of the holy church of Guatemala; electetl bishop in 1750, and promoted to the bishopric of Guadalaxara in 1762.
15. Don Miguel Anselmo Alvarez de Abreu, native of Teneriffe, secretary of the bishop, of Segovia, and canon in the church of Canarias, judge of the apostolical chamber, and of the tribunal of the holy crusade, auxiliary bishop of the Puebla dc los Angeles, presented to this in 1762, and promoted to that of Antequera in 1767.
16. Don Isidore Rodriguez ; he died in 1767.
17. Don Antonio de Macarulla, elected in 1767, and promoted to that of Durango in 1773.
18. Don Francisco Joseph de Palencia, elected, in 1773.
19. Don Fray Antonio de San Miguel, in 1776, until 1783.
20. Don Joseph Antonio de Isabella, in 1783.
(COMBAHEE Ferry, on the above river, is 17 miles from Jacksonsborough, 15 from Pocotaglio, and 52 from Charlestown.
COMBAPATA, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Tinta in Peru ; situate upon an eminence near the royal road which leads from La Plata to Lima. Its natives say that it has the best and most healthy temperature of any in the kingdom, and they mention some persons who have lived here to the age of 140 years.
COMBEIMA, a large river of the province
Chuquibamba, and the other settlements of its jurisdiction, -which comprehend nine curacies, are the following :
San Pedro de Illotnas, Andaray, Yanaquihua, Chorunga,
Cliilca and Marca, Viraco,
H uancarama, Orcopampa,
San J nan Crisostomo de Choco,
CONDOROMA, a settlement and asiento of the silver mines of the province of Canes and Canches or Tinta in Peru, -where, during tempests of thunder and lightning, is experienced a singular phenomenon ; namely, a certain prickly sensation upon the hands and face, -which they called moscas, (flies), though none of these insects are ever seen. It is indeed attributed to the air, which is at that time highly charged with electric fluid ; the effects of which may be observed on the handles of sticks, buckles, lace, and other metal trinkets ; the same effects ceasing as soon as the tempest is over. It is observed, that in no other parts is the same phenomenon known to exist.
CONDUITE, or CoNDUITA, a small river of the province and country of the Iroquees Indians. It runs w. forming a curve, and enters the lake Oswego.
CONEUAGUANET, a small river of the pro-
C O N
vince and colony of Pennsylvania and counfy of Cumberland. It runs c. and enters the Susquehanna.
(CONEGOCHEAGUE Creek rises near Mercersburg, Franklin county, Pensylvania, runs s. in a -winding course, and after supplying a number of mills, empties into the Potowmack, at William port, in W ashington county, Maryland ; 19 miles s. e. of Hancock, and eight miles s, of the Pennsylvania line.)
(CONEMAUGH River, and Little Cor emaugh, are the head waters of Kiskemanitas, in Pennsylvania : after passing through Laurel hill and Chesnut ridge, Conemaugh takes that name, and empties into the Alleghany, 29 miles n. e. of Pittsburg. It is navigable for boats, and there is -a portage of 18 miles between it and the Frankstown branch of Juniata river.)
CONESTOGA, a settlement of Indians of the same province and colony as the former river ; situate between the e. and w. arms of the river Susquehanna, where the English have a fort and establishment for its defence.
Conestoga, a river of this province, whichruns w. then turns s. and enters the Susquehanna.
CONFINES. See Villanueva de los Infantes.
CONFUSO. See Togones.