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The geographical and historical dictionary of America and the West Indies [volume 1]

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vince of Orinoco, and part of the Saliva nation, forming a separate district, and situate in the plains of San Juan, of the new kingdom of Granada, near the river Sinaruco. It was destroyed by the Caribee indians in 1684.

ADORATORIO, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Huarochiri in Peru, situate w. of Larin.

ADSON’S Town lies near the n. e. line of New Jersey, and s. e. of the Drowned Lands; 27 miles n. of Morristown, and 24 n. w. of Patterson . ]

ADUANA, a settlement of the province and government of Maracaibo, situate on the shore of the lake of this name, on the e. side.

ADVANCE. See Forward.

AEIQUAIA, the head settlement of the alcaldia mayor of Tonala in Nueva Espana.

AERIUCTUQUEN, a mountain of the province and colony of Surinam, or part of Guayana, in the Dutch possessions. It is the beginning of the great sierra of Binocote, between the rivers Cutini and Caroni.

AFFREUX, a lake of the province and colony of Virginia, near the coast.

AFUERA, one of the islands of Juan Fernandes, on the S. sea coast, in the kingdom of Chile. About 400 leagues to the n. of Cape Horn. This coast swarms with sea lions and wolves. Lat. 33° 47' s. Long. 80° 41' w.

[Aga|AGA]], a mountain of the province and captainship oi Rio Janeiro in Brazil. It is between the rivers Irutiba and Tapoana, on the sea-coast.

AGACES, a nation of Indians, of the province of Paraguay, on the shore of the river of this name, towards the e. The people are numerous, valiant, and of a lofty stature. In ancient times they were masters of that river, cruising about in it, and being the enemies of the Guaranies ; but after several conflicts, they were at last subjected by Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca, governor of the province, in 1642.

AGALTECA, a river of the province and government of Honduras, in the kingdom of Guatemala.

AGAMENTIGUS, a river of the province and colony of New England, of York county, district of Maine. It is indebted to the ocean for its waters, through Pascataqua bay ; having no considerable aid from streams of fresh water. Its mouth is about four miles s. from Cape Neddie river. Small vessels can enter here.]

AGAMENTIGUS, a mountain of considerable elevation in the district of Maine, distant about six miles from Bald Head, and eight from York harbour. Lat. 43° 12' n, and Long. 70°

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43' w. from Greenwich. It is a nofed land-mark for seamen, and is a good directory for the entry of Pascataqua harbour, as it lies very nearly in the same meridian with it and with Pigeon hill, on Cape Ann. The mountain is covered witli wood and shrubs, and affords pasture up to its summit, where there is an enchanting prospect. The cultivated parts of the country, especially on the s. and s. w. appear as a beautiful garden, intersected by the majestic river Pascataqua, its bays and branches. The immense ranges of mountains on the «. and n. w. afford a sublime spectacle ; and on the sea side the various indentings of the coast, from Cape Ann to Cape Elizabeth, are plainly in view in a clear day ; and the Atlantic stretches to the e. as far as the power of vision extends. At this spot the bearing of the following objects were taken, with a good surveying instrument, October 11, 1780.

Summit of the White mountains, n. 15° w.

Cape Porpoise, n. 63° e.

Rochester hill, n. 64° w,

Tuckaway South peak, s. 80° w.

Frost’s hill, Kittery, s. 57° w.

Saddle of Bonabeag, w. 14° w.

Isle of Shoals Meeting-house, s. 6° r.

Varney’s hill, in Dover, distant 10| miles by mensuration, «. 89° zo. Variation of the needle, 6° te).]

AGAMUNTIC, or Amaguntic Pond, in the district of Maine, sends its waters northward to the Chaudiere, through the west branch of that river.]

AGCHILLA, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Pilaya and Paspaya in Peru. It has in its district seven public chapels, within four leagues distance.]

AGENAGATENINGA, a river of the province and country of the Amazonas, in the Portuguese territory. It rises in the country of the Anamaris Indians, runs n. and enters the abundant stream of the Madera.

AGIQUA, a river of N. Carolina, which runs n. w. and afterwards turning to the w. enters the Cherokees.

AGNALOS, a nation of infidel Indians, of the Nuevo Reyno de Granada, inhabiting the mountains w. of the river Apure.

AGNAPURAS, a chain of mountains, or a cordillera of the kingdom of Peru, whicli run for leagues from n. to s. without termination, and separate the Taucas from the Chizuitos Indians.

AGOMISO, an island of Hudson’s bay, near its w. coast; n. n. e. from Albany fort.] >

AGONICHE, a river of Nova Scotia, running

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mills. The whole of the district of its territory is covered with estates and country-seats, which abound in all kinds of fruits, at once rendering it a place pleasing and advantageous for residence.

Concepcion, another, of the province and corregimiento of Pacajes in Peru ; situate on the shore oflhe lake Titicaca, and at the mouth of the river Desa<;uadero.

Concepcion, anotlier, of the province and government of the Chiquitos Indians, in the same kingdom ; a reduccion of the missions which were held in this province by the regulars of the company of the Jesuits ; situate between the source of the river Verde and the river Ubay.

Concepcion, another, of the province and government of Moxos in the kingdom of Quito ; ■situate between the rivers Guandes and Y laibi, and nearly in the spot where they join.

Concepcion, another, of the former province and government ; situate on the shore of the river Itenes.

Concepcion, another, of the province and country of the Amazonas, in the Portuguese possessions ; a reduccion of the missions which are held by the Carmelite fathers of this nation ; situate on the shore of a pool or lake formed by the river Urubu. . .

Concepcion, another, of the missions which were held by the regulars of the company of Jesuits in California ; situate near the sea-coast and the Puerto Nuevo, or New Port.

Concepcion, another, of the province and government of Tucumán in Peru, and district of Chaco ; being a reduccion of the Abipones Indians, of the mission held by the regulars of the company of Jesuits, and to-day under the charge of the religious order of S. Francisco.

Concepcion, another, which is also called huenclara or Canada, of the missions held by the religion of St. Francis, in the kingdom of Nuevo Mexico.

Concepcion, another, which is the real oi ine silver mines of the province and government of Sonora in Nueva Espana.

Concepcion, another, of the province and capiahiship ot Rio Janeiro in Brazil 5 situate on the coast, opposite the Isla Grande.

Concepcion, another, of the province and capiainship of S. Vincente in the same kingdom.

Concepcion, another, of the province and government of Buenos Ayres; situate at the mouth of the river Saladillo, on the coast which lies between the river La Plata and the straits of Magellan.

Concepcion, another, of the missions which were held by the regulars of the company of Je-

suits, in the province and government of Buenos Ayres ; situate on the w. shore of the river Uruguay. (Lat. 27° 58' 43". Long. 53° 27' 13" re.)

Concepcion, another, of the missions which were held by the regulars of the company of Jesuits, in the country of the Chiquitos Indians, in the kingdom of Peru ; situate to the e. of that of San Francisco Xavier.

Concepcion, another, of the province and government of Cinaloa in Nueva Espana.

Concepcion, another, of the province and government of Quixos and Macas in the kingdom of Quito, which produces nothing but maize, yucas^ plantains, and quantities of aloes, with the which the natives pay their tribute, and which are much esteemed in Peru.

Concepcion, a town of the province and government of Tucumán in Peru, in the jurisdiction of the city of Santiago del Estero, between the rivers Bermejo and Salado. It was destroyed by the infidel Indians.

Concepcion, a bay of the kingdom of Chile, at the innermost part of which, and four leagues from its entrance, is found a bed of shells, from which is made excellent lime.

Concepcion, another bay, in the gulf of California, or Mar Roxo de Cortes. It is very large and capacious, having within it various islands. Its entrance is, however, very narrow.

Concepcion, a river in the province and government of Costarica, which runs into the sea between that of San Antonio and that of Portete.

Concepcion, another, of the kingdom of Brazil, which rises to the w. of the town of Gorjas, runs s. 5 . K). and unites itself with that of the Remedies, to enter the river Prieto or La Palma.

Concepcion, another, which is an arm of the river Picazuru, in the province and government of Paraguay.

Concepcion, another, of the kingdom of Chile, which runs through the middle of the city of Concepcion, and enters the sea in the bay of tliis name.

(Concepcion, a large bay on the c. side of Newfoundland island, whose entrance is between cape St. Francis on the s. and Flamborough head on the n. It runs a great way into the land in a s. direction, having numerous bays on the w. side, on which are two settlements, Carboniere and Havre de Grace. Settlements were made here in 1610, by about 40 planters, under Governor John Guy, to whom King James had granted a patent of incorporation.)

(Concepcion of Salaye, a small town of N. America, in the province of Mechoacán in Mexico

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seasons, and is flooded by waters rushing down through a neighbouring channel, and in fact Avould be hereby rendered iinitdiabitable, but for the mounds Avhich have been raised for its defence. One half of the city experiences in one day a variation of all the winds from n. to s. These winds, thus changing, are accompanied with great tempests of thunder and lightning. At one moment the heat which accompanies the n. wind is excessive, and at another the cold which accompanies the s. is intolerable. It is, indeed, to this cause that the number of sudden deaths which occur here are attributed. The city is small, and nearly of a square figure, but the buildings are superior to any in the province. It has three convents ; those of the religious order of St. Francis, St. Domingo, and La Merced, an hospital of Bethleraites, with the dedicatory title of San Roque ; two monasteries of nuns, tlie one of Santa Teresa, the other of Santa Clara, and two colleges with the titles of universities, it is the head of a bishopric, erected in 1570, and is very rich, owing to the great commerce which it carries on in mules bought in the province of Buenos Ayres, and fattened in the pastures here, for the purpose of being sold for the supply of the other provinces, and in fact of the whole of Peru. It abounds in all kinds of productions, and is 70 leagues from Santiago del Estero, to the s. in 62° 39'; long. 31° 20' s. lat. (For an account of the late revolutions of this place, see La Plata.)

Cordova, another city, in the province and government of Cumaná, founded by Gonzalo de Ocampo in 1525, near the sea-coast. It is so reduced and poor, that it does not deserve the name of a city. It is bounded by the Caribes Indians.

Cordova, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Castro Vireyna in Peru.

Cordova, another, of the province and government of Santa Marta in the kingdom of Tierra Firme, situate upon the coast. It was sacked by the English pirate Gauson in 1625.

CORDOVES, Rio Del, a river of the province and government of Buenos Ayres. It runs zo. and enters the Yazigua close to the pass of Chileno.

CORE, Bank of, an isle of the N. Sea, near the coast of S. Carolina, between those of Ocacook and Drum.

(Core Sound, on the coast of N. Carolina, lies s. of, and communicates with Pamlico.)

COREBO, a river of the province and government of Chocó. It rises in the valley of 'I'atave, at the foot of the mountains of Choco, and enters the Paganagandi.

CORENA, a port on the coast of the province

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and captainship of the Rio Janeiro in Brazil, close to the island of Santa Maria.

CORENTE, a river of the kingdom of Brazil. It rises in the head of that of the Paraguas and the Verde, runs s, s.e. and enters the above river at mid-course.

CORENTIN, a river of the province and colony of Surinam, or part of Guayana in the Dutch possessions, according to the last advices ot the Father Bernardo Rosclla of the extinguished society, Avhich advices were received from the Dutch, and served, in 1745, to the making the map of this province and the Orinoco. It rises in the n. part of the famed lake Parime, which some have thought to exist merely in fable. It runs s. wateringtlie Dutch colonies; and five leaguesto the w. of Berbice, and to the s. e. of the Orinoco, empties itself into the sea, in 5° 22' n. lat. : at its entrance it is one league wide. The English call it Devil’s creek, which signifies Barranco del Diablo. In the interior of its course it has some sand-banks, which extend for three leagues, and render its navigation difficult, notwithstanding that at the low tide there arc still some channels of water. In this river are likewise three small well cultivated islands, lying in a direction from n. tov. They are very fertile, and covered with trees, and the soundings of the river about them varies from five to six fathoms.

CORETIQUI, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Caxamarquilla in Peru.

CORIANA. See Coro.

CORIDON, Salinas de, salt grounds in the point and zo. head of the island of St. Domingo, on the shore of the port Pimiento.

CORIMPO, a settlement of the province of Cinaloa in Nueva Espaiia ; situate on the shore of the river Mayo, between the settlements of Hecojoa and Nabajoa.

(CORINTH, a township in Orange county, Vermont, z€. of Bradford, containing 578 inhabitants.)

CORIO, a settlement of the province and captainship of San Vincente in Brazil, on the shore and at tlie source of the river Uruguay.

CORIPATA, a settlement of the province and government of Canta in Peru ; annexed to the curacy of Atabillos Altos.

CORIPI, a river of the province and government of Guayana, iii the French possessions. It enters the sea between the Oiapoco and cape Orange.

CORIS, a settlement of the province and corregimiento oi Huailas in Peru, annexed to the curacy of Aija.

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