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JoshuaOB at Oct 10, 2018 09:22 AM

389

389

raent and head settlenient of the district of the al
caldia mayor of Tepozcolula in the same kingdom.
It is of a mild temperature, and contains a convent
of the religious order of St. Domingo, and 128 fa
milies of Indians, who occupy themselves in the
trade of cochineal, as likewise of certain seeds
which they sow in ihe ranchos. Four leagues to
the n. by s. of its capital.

Chilapa, San Pedro de, another, of the head
settlement of the district of Huitepec, and alcaldia
mayor of Ixquintepec, in the same kingdom. It
contains 30 families of Indians, and is five leagues
to the n. with a slight inclination to the e. of its
capital.

CHILAQUE, a settlement of the head settle
ment of the district of Olintla, and alcaldia mayor
of Zacatlan, in Nueva España. It is situate in a
delightful glen surrounded by rocks, and is water
ed by various streams, being distant five leagues
from its head settlement.

CHILATECA, S. JUAN DE, a settlement of
the head settlement of the district of Cuilapa, and
alcaldia mayor of Quatro Villas, in Nueva Es
pana
. It contains 52 families of Indians, who
trade in cochineal, seeds, and fruits, and collect
coal and timber, all of which form branches of
their commerce. Five leagues to the s.e. of its
head settlement.

CHILCA, a settlement of the province and cor
regimiento of Canete in Peru, with a small but
safe and convenient port. It abounds in saltpetre,
which its natives carry to Lima for the purpose of
making gunpowder, on which account they are
for the most part muleteers or carriers. In its
vicinity are the remains of some magnificent build
ings which belonged to the Incas of Peru. The
name of Chilca is given by the Indians of the same
kingdom, as also by those of the kingdom of Quito,
to a small tree or shrub which is a native of hot
climates, and which, when burnt to ashes, is
often used as lye for the use of the sugar en
gines.

Chi DC A, a beautiful and extensive valley of
this province, which, although it be not irrigated
by any river, stream, or fountain, by which it
might be fertilized, produces an abundant harvest of
maize. The seed of this is accustomed to be
buried in the ground with heads of pilchards, an
abundance of which fish is found upon the coast;
and thus, by the moisture arising from this prac
tice, and by the morning dews, the soil becomes
suflaciently moistened to produce a very fair crop.
The same method is observed, and the same effect
produced, with regard to other fruits and herbs ;
but for drinking and culinary uses, the little

water that is procured is drawn from wells. Lat.
12° 3P 5. Long. 76° 35' w.

CHILCAIMARCA, a settlement of the pro
vince and corregimiento of Condesuyos de Are
quipa
in Peru ; annexed to the curacy of An
dahua.

CHILCAIO, a settlement of the province and
government of Lucimas in Peru ; annexed to the
curacy of Querobamba.

CHILCAS, a settlement of the province and
corregimiento of Caxatambo in Peru ; annexed to
the curacy of Hacas.

Chilcas, another settlement of the province
and corregimiento of Huanta in the same kingdom ;
annexed to the curacy of Tambos.

CHILCHAIOTLA, a settlement of the head
settlement of the district and alcaldia mayor of
Zochicoatlan in Nueva España; situate on the
side of a hill. It is of a hot temperature, contains
26 families of Indians, and is 11 leagues to the n.
of its capital.

CHILCHOIAQUE, a settlement of the head
settlement of TIacolula, and alcaldia mayor of
Xalapa, in Nueva Espana ; situate in a very ex
tensive glen, surrounded by heights which begin
in the neighbourhood of Xilotepec, and run some
what more than a league in length. The popula
tion is very scanty, and the temperature bad ;
indeed, out of the many families which formerly
inhabited it, 19 only are remaining ; these employ
themselves in the rancherias^ agriculture being
indispensably necessary to their maintenance,
owing to the barrenness of the territory of the dis
trict. At the distance of a league to the n. of Xa
lapa, and on the side of the royal road leading to
^^exico, is the great mill of Lucas Martin. Here
the lands are fertilized by the large river Cerdeilo ;
by the waters of which also other settlements arc
supplied, as likewise some of ihe ranchos^ wherein
employment is found for upwards of SO families
of Spaniards, some Mustees^ and many Indians.
Four leagues to the s. w. of its head settlement.

GHILCHOTA, the alcaldia mayor and juris
diction of the province and bishopric of Mecho
aedn
. It is very mean, and reduced to a few small
settlements, which lie so nigh together, that their
situations are pointed out to tlie traveller by crosses
stuck up in the roads. Its population consists of
470 families of Tarascos Indians, and about 300 of
Spaniards, Mulattoes, and Mustees\ who are,
for the most part, scattered in the agricultural
estates of its district, where, from the fertility of the
soil, wheat, maize, and other seeds, are cultivated
in abundance. The country is agreeable, and well
stocked with every kind of fruit trees. The capi


Translation

Otro con la advocación de San Pedro de la Cabecera de Partido de Huirépee y Alcaldía mayor de Ixquintepec es el mismo Reyno: tiene 30 familias de Indios, y está 5 leguas al N con inclinación al Oriente de su Capital.

CHILAQUE, Pueblo de la Cabecera de Partido de Olintla y Alcaldía mayor de Zacatlán en Nueva España: está situado en una deliciosa cañada, que riegan y fertilizan varios rios, distante 5 leguas de su Cabecera.

CHILAXECA, S. Juan de, Pueblo de la Cabecera de Partido de Cuilapa y Alcaldía mayor de Quatro Villas en Nueva España: tiene 52 familias de Indios que cultivan grana, semillas, frutas, carbón y maderas con que comercian: está 5 leguas entre Oriente y S de su Cabecera.

CHILCA, Pueblo de la Provincia y Corregimiento de Cañete en. el Perú, con un pequeño Puerto, pero cómodo y. seguro: produce mucho salitre, que llevan sus naturales a vender a Lima para las fábricas de pólvora, por cuya razón la mayor parte son arrieros: en su inmediación se ven algunos vestigios de fábricas magníficas de los Incas del Perú: el nombre de Chuca le dan los Indios del Reyno y los de Quito a un arbolillo o arbusto que nace en los climas cálidos, y sirve mucho para hacer con sus cenizas lexía para los ingenios de azúcar.

Tiene el mismo nombre un valle hermoso y dilatado de esta Provincia particular, porque nunca llueve en él, ni tiene rio, fuente, ni agua de ninguna parte que lo fertilice, y sin embargo produce una gran cosecha de maíz, que nace enterrando con cada grano al tiempo de sembrarlo la cabeza de una sardina de que hay abundancia en su Costa, con cuya humedad y la del rocío de la mañana nace y crece, y lo mismo hacen con los demás frutos y hortalizas; pero para beber no tienen mas recurso que los pozos.

CHILGAIMARCA, Pueblo de la Provincia y Corregimiento de Condesuyos de Arequipa en el Perú, anexo al Curato de Andamia.

CHILCAIO, Pueblo de la Provincia y Corregimiento de Lucanas en el Perú, anexo al Curato de Querobamba.

CHILCAS, Pueblo de la Provincia y Corregimiento de Caxatambo en el Perú > anexo al Curato de Hacas.

Tiene el mismo nombre otro Pueblo de la Provincia y Corregimiento de Huanta en el propio Reyno, anexo al Curato de Tambos.

CHILCHAIOTLA, Pueblo de la Cabecera de Partido y Alcaldía mayor de Zochicoatlán en Nueva España, situado en una ladera: es de temperamento cálido: tiene 26 familias de Indios, y está 1 2 leguas al N de su Capital.

CHILCHOTA, Alcaldía mayor] y jurisdicción de la Provincia y Obispado de Mechoacan: es muy corta y reducida a unos quantos barrios, tan inmediatos entre sí, que sus límites están divididos unos de otros con cruces: su población consta de 470 familias de Indios Tarascos, y cerca de 300 de Españoles, Mulatos y Mestizos, repartidos la mayor parte en las haciendas de labor que tiene en su distrito, en las quales se coge con abundancia trigo, maiz y otras semillas por ser la tierra muy fértil, cuya amenidad hace el Pais delicioso y poblado de toda especie de árboles frutales: la Capital es el Pueblo de este nombre: está 70 leguas al O NO de México: long. 270....45 latit. 21....15.

Otro Pueblo hay también de este nombre de la Cabecera de Huavtla y Alcaldía mayor de Cuicatlán, situado en la cumbre de un ameno cerro poblado de árboles frutales: tiene 80 familias de Indios aplicados al comercio y cultivo de grana salitre, algodón, semillas y frutas: está 8 leguas de su Cabecera.
Otro con la advocación de San Pedro, que es de la Cabecera de Quimixtlán y Alcaldía mayor de S. Juan de los Llanos en Nueva España: tiene 210 familias de Indios.

389

389

raent and head settlenient of the district of the al
caldia mayor of Tepozcolula in the same kingdom.
It is of a mild temperature, and contains a convent
of the religious order of St. Domingo, and 128 fa
milies of Indians, who occupy themselves in the
trade of cochineal, as likewise of certain seeds
which they sow in ihe ranchos. Four leagues to
the n. by s. of its capital.

Chilapa, San Pedro de, another, of the head
settlement of the district of Huitepec, and alcaldia
mayor of Ixquintepec, in the same kingdom. It
contains 30 families of Indians, and is five leagues
to the n. with a slight inclination to the e. of its
capital.

CHILAQUE, a settlement of the head settle
ment of the district of Olintla, and alcaldia mayor
of Zacatlan, in Nueva España. It is situate in a
delightful glen surrounded by rocks, and is water
ed by various streams, being distant five leagues
from its head settlement.

CHILATECA, S. JUAN DE, a settlement of
the head settlement of the district of Cuilapa, and
alcaldia mayor of Quatro Villas, in Nueva Es
pana
. It contains 52 families of Indians, who
trade in cochineal, seeds, and fruits, and collect
coal and timber, all of which form branches of
their commerce. Five leagues to the s.e. of its
head settlement.

CHILCA, a settlement of the province and cor
regimiento of Canete in Peru, with a small but
safe and convenient port. It abounds in saltpetre,
which its natives carry to Lima for the purpose of
making gunpowder, on which account they are
for the most part muleteers or carriers. In its
vicinity are the remains of some magnificent build
ings which belonged to the Incas of Peru. The
name of Chilca is given by the Indians of the same
kingdom, as also by those of the kingdom of Quito,
to a small tree or shrub which is a native of hot
climates, and which, when burnt to ashes, is
often used as lye for the use of the sugar en
gines.

Chi DC A, a beautiful and extensive valley of
this province, which, although it be not irrigated
by any river, stream, or fountain, by which it
might be fertilized, produces an abundant harvest of
maize. The seed of this is accustomed to be
buried in the ground with heads of pilchards, an
abundance of which fish is found upon the coast;
and thus, by the moisture arising from this prac
tice, and by the morning dews, the soil becomes
suflaciently moistened to produce a very fair crop.
The same method is observed, and the same effect
produced, with regard to other fruits and herbs ;
but for drinking and culinary uses, the little

water that is procured is drawn from wells. Lat.
12° 3P 5. Long. 76° 35' w.

CHILCAIMARCA, a settlement of the pro
vince and corregimiento of Condesuyos de Are
quipa
in Peru ; annexed to the curacy of An
dahua.

CHILCAIO, a settlement of the province and
government of Lucimas in Peru ; annexed to the
curacy of Querobamba.

CHILCAS, a settlement of the province and
corregimiento of Caxatambo in Peru ; annexed to
the curacy of Hacas.

Chilcas, another settlement of the province
and corregimiento of Huanta in the same kingdom ;
annexed to the curacy of Tambos.

CHILCHAIOTLA, a settlement of the head
settlement of the district and alcaldia mayor of
Zochicoatlan in Nueva España; situate on the
side of a hill. It is of a hot temperature, contains
26 families of Indians, and is 11 leagues to the n.
of its capital.

CHILCHOIAQUE, a settlement of the head
settlement of TIacolula, and alcaldia mayor of
Xalapa, in Nueva Espana ; situate in a very ex
tensive glen, surrounded by heights which begin
in the neighbourhood of Xilotepec, and run some
what more than a league in length. The popula
tion is very scanty, and the temperature bad ;
indeed, out of the many families which formerly
inhabited it, 19 only are remaining ; these employ
themselves in the rancherias^ agriculture being
indispensably necessary to their maintenance,
owing to the barrenness of the territory of the dis
trict. At the distance of a league to the n. of Xa
lapa, and on the side of the royal road leading to
^^exico, is the great mill of Lucas Martin. Here
the lands are fertilized by the large river Cerdeilo ;
by the waters of which also other settlements arc
supplied, as likewise some of ihe ranchos^ wherein
employment is found for upwards of SO families
of Spaniards, some Mustees^ and many Indians.
Four leagues to the s. w. of its head settlement.

GHILCHOTA, the alcaldia mayor and juris
diction of the province and bishopric of Mecho
aedn
. It is very mean, and reduced to a few small
settlements, which lie so nigh together, that their
situations are pointed out to tlie traveller by crosses
stuck up in the roads. Its population consists of
470 families of Tarascos Indians, and about 300 of
Spaniards, Mulattoes, and Mustees\ who are,
for the most part, scattered in the agricultural
estates of its district, where, from the fertility of the
soil, wheat, maize, and other seeds, are cultivated
in abundance. The country is agreeable, and well
stocked with every kind of fruit trees. The capi


Translation

Otro con la advocación de San Pedro de la Cabecera de Partido de Huirépee y Alcaldía mayor de Ixquintepec es el mismo Reyno: tiene 30 familias de Indios, y está 5 leguas al N con inclinación al Oriente de su Capital.

CHILAQUE, Pueblo de la Cabecera de Partido de Olintla y Alcaldía mayor de Zacatlán en Nueva España: está situado en una deliciosa cañada, que riegan y fertilizan varios rios, distante 5 leguas de su Cabecera.

CHILAXECA, S. Juan de, Pueblo de la Cabecera de Partido de Cuilapa y Alcaldía mayor de Quatro Villas en Nueva España: tiene 52 familias de Indios que cultivan grana, semillas, frutas, carbón y maderas con que comercian: está 5 leguas entre Oriente y S de su Cabecera.

CHILCA, Pueblo de la Provincia y Corregimiento de Cañete en. el Perú, con un pequeño Puerto, pero cómodo y. seguro: produce mucho salitre, que llevan sus naturales a vender a Lima para las fábricas de pólvora, por cuya razón la mayor parte son arrieros: en su inmediación se ven algunos vestigios de fábricas magníficas de los Incas del Perú: el nombre de Chuca le dan los Indios del Reyno y los de Quito a un arbolillo o arbusto que nace en los climas cálidos, y sirve mucho para hacer con sus cenizas lexía para los ingenios de azúcar.

Tiene el mismo nombre un valle hermoso y dilatado de esta Provincia particular, porque nunca llueve en él, ni tiene rio, fuente, ni agua de ninguna parte que lo fertilice, y sin embargo produce una gran cosecha de maíz, que nace enterrando con cada grano al tiempo de sembrarlo la cabeza de una sardina de que hay abundancia en su Costa, con cuya humedad y la del rocío de la mañana nace y crece, y lo mismo hacen con los demás frutos y hortalizas; pero para beber no tienen mas recurso que los pozos.

CHILGAIMARCA, Pueblo de la Provincia y Corregimiento de Condesuyos de Arequipa en el Perú, anexo al Curato de Andamia.

CHILCAIO, Pueblo de la Provincia y Corregimiento de Lucanas en el Perú, anexo al Curato de Querobamba.

CHILCAS, Pueblo de la Provincia y Corregimiento de Caxatambo en el Perú > anexo al Curato de Hacas.

Tiene el mismo nombre otro Pueblo de la Provincia y Corregimiento de Huanta en el propio Reyno, anexo al Curato de Tambos.

CHILCHAIOTLA, Pueblo de la Cabecera de Partido y Alcaldía mayor de Zochicoatlán en Nueva España, situado en una ladera: es de temperamento cálido: tiene 26 familias de Indios, y está 1 2 leguas al N de su Capital.

CHILCHOTA, Alcaldía mayor] y jurisdicción de la Provincia y Obispado de Mechoacan: es muy corta y reducida a unos quantos barrios, tan inmediatos entre sí, que sus límites están divididos unos de otros con cruces: su población consta de 470 familias de Indios Tarascos, y cerca de 300 de Españoles, Mulatos y Mestizos, repartidos la mayor parte en las haciendas de labor que tiene en su distrito, en las quales se coge con abundancia trigo, maiz y otras semillas por ser la tierra muy fértil, cuya amenidad hace el Pais delicioso y poblado de toda especie de árboles frutales: la Capital es el Pueblo de este nombre: está 70 leguas al O NO de México: long. 270....45 latit. 21....15.

Otro Pueblo hay también de este nombre de la Cabecera de Huavtla y Alcaldía mayor de Cuicatlán, situado en la cumbre de un ameno cerro poblado de árboles frutales: tiene 80 familias de Indios aplicados al comercio y cultivo de grana salitre, algodón, semillas y frutas: está 8 leguas de su Cabecera.
Otro con la advocación de San Pedro, que es de la Cabecera de Quimixtlán y Alcaldía mayor de S. Juan de los Llanos en Nueva España: tiene 210 familias de Indios.