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CARACAS.

and it is, indeed, pretty generally believed that
this cross was left here by the above apostle.

CARAC, a settlement of the province and cor
regimiento of Canta in Peru ; annexed to the cu
racy of Lampian.

CARACARA, an ancient and small province of
Charcas in Peru, to the s. of Cuzco, and the last
of those conquered by the sixth Emperor or Inca.

CARACARES, a large lake of the province and
government of Paraguay. It is 26 leagues in
length, and has many fertile islands, inhabited by
barbarian Indians, and empties itself through a
canal into the river Paraná on the e. side. It is
in 30° 41' s. lat.

CARACAS, Santiago de Leon de, a capital
city of the province of Venezuela, founded by
Diego Losada in the year 1566, in a beautiful and
extensive valley of more than four leagues in
length. It is of a very mild temperature, being
neither troubled with excessive heat or cold. It is
watered by four rivers, which fertilize its territory,
and make it abound as well in delicate waters as
in exquisite fruits and flowers: the streets are wide
and straight, the buildings elegant and convenient,
and it is ornamented by four marts. It is the seat
of the bishopric, erected in the city of Coro in
1532, and translated to this spot in 1636. It has
a beautiful cathedral church, besides some parish
chapels, which are Nuestra Señora de Alta Gra
cia ; San Pablo, which is also an hospital, and
Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria, out of the walls
of the city. There is also an hospital De la Ca
ridad (of charity) for women ; a convent of the re
ligious order of Santo Domingo, in which is held
in high respect the wonderful image of the Virgin
of the Rosary, presented by Philip II. There is
another convent of San Francisco, in which is
preserved a piece of the wood of the cross left by
the Governor Don Martin de Robles Villafañate ;
another of our Lady of La Merced ; a monastery
of religious women of La Concepcion ; another of
the Carmelites Descalzas (barefooted) ; a college and
seminary for the education of youth, with five ca
thedrals ; four hermitages dedicated to San Mau
ricio, Santa Rosalia de Palermo, La Divina Pas
tora, and La Santisima Trinidad. Charles II.
granted to this city the privilege of allowing its
alcaldes to govern the province in the vacancy of
a governor ; and Philip V. permitted a commer
cial company of Biscayans to be established, who
reaped considerable affluence, especially in the ar
tiles of cacoa and sugar, the chief source of its re
venues ; but this company was abolished in the
reign of Charles III. in the year 1778 ; which cir
cumstance was considered by the city and the pro-

vince as a most considerable privilege. The num
ber of inhabitants amounts to about 1000, besides
an infinity of people of colour by whom it is in
habited. The natives have shown themselves to
be of an ingenuous disposition, clever, affable, and
courteous. Its arms are a grey lion rampant in a
field of silver, having between his arms a scollop
shell of gold, with the cross of Santiago ; and the
crest is a crown with five points of gold. It was
sacked in 1566 by Sir Francis Drake, who came
thither in an English cruiser ; also by the French
in 1679. It is three leagues distant from the port
of Guaira. Long. 67° w. Lat. 10° 30' n.

The bishops who have presided in this city.

1. Don Rodrigo Bastidas, dean of the holy
church of St. Domingo, the chief of the visitation
of the bishopric of Puertorico; elected on the 27th
October 1535, and who died in 1542.

2. Don Miguel Gerónimo Ballesteros, dean of
the church of Cartagena of the Indies ; elected
in 1543.

3. Don Fr. Pedro de Agreda, of the order of
St. Domingo, collegiate of San Gregorio of Val
ladolid ; presented to this bishopric in 1558, and
taking possession of it 1560. In his time the city
was sacked by the English : he died in 1580.

4. Don Fr. Juan de Manzanillo, of the order of
St. Domingo ; presented in the year 1582 ; he re
built the church, and died in 1593.

5. Don Fr. Diego Salinas, of the order of St.
Domingo, native of Medina del Campo, colle
giate of San Gregorio de Valladolid, prior in dif
ferent convents, procurator-general in the court,
and elected bishop in the year 1600 : in the fol
lowing year he died.

6. Don Fr. Pedro Martin Palomino, of the order
of St. Domingo ; elected in 1601 : he died the same
year.

7. Don Fr. Pedro de Oña, native of Burgos, of
the order of our Lady of La Merced ; he was even
ing lecturer in the university of Santiago, elected
bishop in 1601, canonized in the convent of Val
ladolid, and before he came to his church, was
promoted to the bishopric of Gaeta, in the king
dom of Naples, in 1604.

8. Don Fr. Antonio de Alcega, of the order of
St. Francis ; he Avas formerly married, and held
the office of accountant to the royal estates in Yu
catán, when he became a widower, and giving all
he possessed as alms to the poor, he took to a re
ligious life, and Philip III. being charmed with
his virtues presented him to this bishopric in
1664 ; he celebrated the synod in Caracas the
year following, and died in 1609.

9. Don Fr. Juan de Bohorques, native of Mex-


Translation

y están persuadidos que la dexó allí el referido Apóstol.

CARAC, Pueblo de la Provincia y Corregimiento de Canta en el Perú, anexo al Curato de Lampian.

CARACARA, Provincia antigua y pequeña de Charcas en el Perú al S de la del Cuzco, y la última que conquistó el sexto Emperador o Ynca.

CARACARES, Laguna grande de la Provincia y Gobierno del Paraguay, tiene mas de 26 leguas de largo y muchas Isletas fértiles, habitadas de Indios bárbaros, y desemboca por un canal en el río Paraná por la parte Oriental, está en 30 gr. 41 min. de lat. aust.

CARACAS, Santiago de León de, Ciudad Capital de la Provincia de Venezuela, fundada por Diego Losada el año de 1566 en un hermoso y dilatado Valle que tiene mas de quatro leguas de largo: es de temperamento muy benigno en que no incomodan el frío ni el calor, rodeada de quatro rios que fertilizan su terreno, y lo hacen abundante, así en delicadas aguas como en gustosas frutas y flores: las calles son anchas y derechas, los edificios hermosos y cómodos, con quatro plazas que la adornan: es cabeza de Obispado, erigido en la Ciudad de Coro el año de 1532, y trasladado a ésta el de 1636: tiene una hermosa Iglesia Catedral, a que acompañan tres ayudas de Parroquia, que son nuestra Señora de Alta Gracia, San Pablo, que al mismo tiempo es Hospital, y nuestra Señora de la Candelaria, extramuros de la Ciudad: hay también Hospital de la caridad para mugeres, Convento de Religiosos de Santo Domingo, en que se venera una milagrosa Imagen de la Virgen del Rosario, dádiva de la generosidad de Felipe II: otro de San Francisco, en que guardan un pedazo del Lignum Crucis que dexó el Gobernador Don Martin do Robles Villafañate: otro de Religiosos de nuestra Señora de la Merced: un Monasterio de Religiosas Aq la Concepción: otro de Carmelitas Descalzas: un Colegio Seminario para educación de la juventud con cinco Cátedras: quatro Ermitas dedicadas a San Mauricio, Santa Rosalía de Palermo, la Divina Pastora y la Santísima Trinidad: Carlos II. concedió a esta Ciudad el privilegio de que gobiernen sus Alcaldes la Provincia en vacante de Gobernador; y Felipe V. el establecimiento de una Compañía de Comercio a los Vizcaynos, con que lograron hacerle muy ventajosamente con particularidad de cacao y azúcar sus principales renglones; pero se extinguió en el reynado de Carlos III. el año de 1778, cuya providencia recibió como mayor privilegio esta Ciudad y toda la Provincia: el vecindario se regula de un mil vecinos, ademas de la infinita gente de color, que la habita, y sus naturales se han acreditado de claro ingenio, hábiles, afables y corteses: tiene por armas un león pardo rapante en campo de plata, y entre sus brazos una venera de oro con la Cruz de Santiago, y por timbre una corona con cinco puntas de oro: el Corsario Ingles Francisco Drack la saqueó el año de 1 5 66 s y los Franceses el de 1679, está 3 leguas del Puerto de la Guaira. Long. 3 12. .35. lat. 10.
OBISPOS QUE HA TENIDO ESTA CIUDAD.
1 Don Rodrigo Bastidas, Dean de la Santa Iglesia de Santo Domingo, Visitador general del Obispado de Puertorico, electo en 27 de Octubre de 1535, murió el de 1542.
2 Don Miguel Gerónimo Ballesteros, Dean de la Iglesia de Cartagena de Indias, electo en 1543. -
3 Don Fr. Pedro de Agreda, Religioso de la Orden de Santo Domingo, Colegial en el Colegio de San Gregorio de Valladolid, presentado para este Obispado el año de 1 5 5 8, de que tomó posesión el de 1 5 60; en su tiempo saquearon los Ingleses la Ciudad, murió el de 1580.
4 Don Fray Juan de Manzanillo, Religioso del Orden de Santo Domingo, presentado el año de 1582; reedificó la Iglesia, y murió el de 1593.
5 Don Fray Diego Salinas, del Orden de Santo Domingo, natural de Medina del Campo, Colegial de San Gregorio de Valladolid, Prior en diferentes Conventos, Procurador general en la Corte, y electo Obispo el año de 1600, murió el siguiente.
6 Don Fray Pedro Martin Palomino del Orden de Santo Domingo, electo en, 1601, murió en el mismo.
7 Don Fray Pedro de Oña, natural de Burgos, Religioso del Orden de nuestra Señora de la Merced, fue Catedrático de Vísperas en la Universidad de Santiago, electo Obispo en 1601, consagróse en su Convento de Valladolid, y antes de pasar a su Iglesia fue promovido al Obispado de Gaeta, en el Reyno de Ñapóles el año de 1604.
8 Don Fray Antonio de Alcega, del Orden de S. Francisco; fue antes casado y Contador de la Real Hacienda en Yucatán, donde enviudó, y dando de limosna todo lo que tenia a los pobres entró Religioso, acreditando tanto su virtud, que Felipe III le presentó para este Obispado el año de 1604; celebró Synodo en Caracas el año siguiente, y murió el de 1609.
9 Don Fray Juan de Bohorques, natural de México,

296

296

CARACAS.

and it is, indeed, pretty generally believed that
this cross was left here by the above apostle.

CARAC, a settlement of the province and cor
regimiento of Canta in Peru ; annexed to the cu
racy of Lampian.

CARACARA, an ancient and small province of
Charcas in Peru, to the s. of Cuzco, and the last
of those conquered by the sixth Emperor or Inca.

CARACARES, a large lake of the province and
government of Paraguay. It is 26 leagues in
length, and has many fertile islands, inhabited by
barbarian Indians, and empties itself through a
canal into the river Paraná on the e. side. It is
in 30° 41' s. lat.

CARACAS, Santiago de Leon de, a capital
city of the province of Venezuela, founded by
Diego Losada in the year 1566, in a beautiful and
extensive valley of more than four leagues in
length. It is of a very mild temperature, being
neither troubled with excessive heat or cold. It is
watered by four rivers, which fertilize its territory,
and make it abound as well in delicate waters as
in exquisite fruits and flowers: the streets are wide
and straight, the buildings elegant and convenient,
and it is ornamented by four marts. It is the seat
of the bishopric, erected in the city of Coro in
1532, and translated to this spot in 1636. It has
a beautiful cathedral church, besides some parish
chapels, which are Nuestra Señora de Alta Gra
cia ; San Pablo, which is also an hospital, and
Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria, out of the walls
of the city. There is also an hospital De la Ca
ridad (of charity) for women ; a convent of the re
ligious order of Santo Domingo, in which is held
in high respect the wonderful image of the Virgin
of the Rosary, presented by Philip II. There is
another convent of San Francisco, in which is
preserved a piece of the wood of the cross left by
the Governor Don Martin de Robles Villafañate ;
another of our Lady of La Merced ; a monastery
of religious women of La Concepcion ; another of
the Carmelites Descalzas (barefooted) ; a college and
seminary for the education of youth, with five ca
thedrals ; four hermitages dedicated to San Mau
ricio, Santa Rosalia de Palermo, La Divina Pas
tora, and La Santisima Trinidad. Charles II.
granted to this city the privilege of allowing its
alcaldes to govern the province in the vacancy of
a governor ; and Philip V. permitted a commer
cial company of Biscayans to be established, who
reaped considerable affluence, especially in the ar
tiles of cacoa and sugar, the chief source of its re
venues ; but this company was abolished in the
reign of Charles III. in the year 1778 ; which cir
cumstance was considered by the city and the pro-

vince as a most considerable privilege. The num
ber of inhabitants amounts to about 1000, besides
an infinity of people of colour by whom it is in
habited. The natives have shown themselves to
be of an ingenuous disposition, clever, affable, and
courteous. Its arms are a grey lion rampant in a
field of silver, having between his arms a scollop
shell of gold, with the cross of Santiago ; and the
crest is a crown with five points of gold. It was
sacked in 1566 by Sir Francis Drake, who came
thither in an English cruiser ; also by the French
in 1679. It is three leagues distant from the port
of Guaira. Long. 67° w. Lat. 10° 30' n.

The bishops who have presided in this city.

1. Don Rodrigo Bastidas, dean of the holy
church of St. Domingo, the chief of the visitation
of the bishopric of Puertorico; elected on the 27th
October 1535, and who died in 1542.

2. Don Miguel Gerónimo Ballesteros, dean of
the church of Cartagena of the Indies ; elected
in 1543.

3. Don Fr. Pedro de Agreda, of the order of
St. Domingo, collegiate of San Gregorio of Val
ladolid ; presented to this bishopric in 1558, and
taking possession of it 1560. In his time the city
was sacked by the English : he died in 1580.

4. Don Fr. Juan de Manzanillo, of the order of
St. Domingo ; presented in the year 1582 ; he re
built the church, and died in 1593.

5. Don Fr. Diego Salinas, of the order of St.
Domingo, native of Medina del Campo, colle
giate of San Gregorio de Valladolid, prior in dif
ferent convents, procurator-general in the court,
and elected bishop in the year 1600 : in the fol
lowing year he died.

6. Don Fr. Pedro Martin Palomino, of the order
of St. Domingo ; elected in 1601 : he died the same
year.

7. Don Fr. Pedro de Oña, native of Burgos, of
the order of our Lady of La Merced ; he was even
ing lecturer in the university of Santiago, elected
bishop in 1601, canonized in the convent of Val
ladolid, and before he came to his church, was
promoted to the bishopric of Gaeta, in the king
dom of Naples, in 1604.

8. Don Fr. Antonio de Alcega, of the order of
St. Francis ; he Avas formerly married, and held
the office of accountant to the royal estates in Yu
catán, when he became a widower, and giving all
he possessed as alms to the poor, he took to a re
ligious life, and Philip III. being charmed with
his virtues presented him to this bishopric in
1664 ; he celebrated the synod in Caracas the
year following, and died in 1609.

9. Don Fr. Juan de Bohorques, native of Mex-


Translation