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CAR

in America, and they reckon the gold it has pro
duced at 33 millions of dollars, without counting
that which has been concealed ; but at present they
scarce procure from it 200 pound weight a year,
on account of the increased charges of labour, and
the want of energy in the inhabitants. Many lumps
of gold have been found here, among which there
is still remembered to have been one of the figure of
a horse, which weighed 100 weight and some odd
pounds, and which was carried to the Emperor
Charles V. ; and likewise another lump which was
sent to Philip II. bearing a resemblance to the
head of a man, which, however, was lost together
with much other riches in the channel of Bahama.
This latter lump was found in the washing place of
Ynahuaya. Nearly the whole of the territory of this
province is interspered with gold. The most cele
brated washing places that it had were called San
Juan del Oro, Paulo Coya, Ananea, and that which
was superior to all, Aporoma. In the year 1713, a
lump of silver also was discovered in the mountain
of Ucuntaya, being of a very solid piece of metal,
and of prodigious value ; in its rivers are found
sands of gold, to which at certain times of the year,
the Indians have recourse, in order to pay their tri
butes. There are also other mines of silver and
copper in various parts, and springs of hot water.
It is very liable to earthquakes, and according to
the tradition of the Indians, there was one which
took place before the conquest, so large as to over
turn mountains, and that, opening the earth, it
swallowed up in an abyss many towns with their
inhabitants. They likewise assert, that in the year
1747, another earthquake, throwing out of the
ground a dirty and muddy water, thereby infected
the rivers to such a degree as to cause a dreadful
and general mortality. It has some large rivers
as well as small ; all of which empty themselves
into the Ynambari, thus rendering this river ex
tremely abundant : towards the n. and n. e. which,
as we have observed, is bounded by the infidel In
dians, there are large tracts of ground covered with
coca and rice, with an abundance of mountain
fruits. In the aforesaid river they are accustomed
to take shad and large dories by shooting them
with muskets, or by piercing them with arrows or
darts. There are also some lakes, which, although
without fish, abound in ducks, snipes, and other
aquatic fowl. The infidel Indians have made va
rious irruptions into this province: its capital is
Sandia, and its natives, who amount to 28,000, are
divided into 26 settlements, as follows : The repar
timiento received by the corregidor used to amount
to 82,800 dollars, and it paid 662 yearly for alcavala.

CAR

295

Sandia, Coaza,

Cuiocuio. Cruzero,

Laqueique, Ajoiani,

YƱacoreque, Usicaios,

Queneque, Esquena,

Patambuco, Cuntuquita,

S. Juan del Oro, Ynambari,

Quiaca, Ayapata,

Sina, Ytuata,

Para, Macusani,

Limbani, Ollachea,

Chejani, Azaroma,

Aporoma, Corani.

CARABAILLO, a river of the province and
corregimiento of Cercado in Peru. It rises in the
province of Canta from three lakes to the n. of the
capital, and continues its course until it join the
sea close to the point of Marques.

CARABAILLO, a settlement of this province and
corregimiento.

CARABANA, a river of the province and go
vernment of Guayana, which runs to the s. and
enters the Orinoco between the Corquina and the
Arrewow. According to Bellin, in his map of the
course of part of the Orinoco, it is distant from
the other river called Corobana, which also en
ters the Orinoco on the opposite side.

CARABATANG, a river of the province and
captainship of Rio Grande in Brazil. It rises in
the sierra of the Tiguares Indians, near the coast,
runs s. s. e. and enters the sea between the Cong
and the Goyana.

CARABELAS, River of the, in the province
and captainship of Puerto Seguro in Brazil. It
rises in the cold sierra of the Pories Indians, runs
s. e. and according to Cruz, e. and enters the sea
opposite the bank of the Escollos (hidden rocks).

Carabelas, Grandes, a port of the island
of Cuba, on the n. part.

Carabelas, Chicas, a bay in the same island,
and on the same coast, between the settlement of
Guanajo and the Puerto del Poniente (w. port.)

CARABERES. See article Guarayos.

CARABUCO, a settlement of the province and
corregimiento of Omasuyos in Peru ; in the vici
nity of which are the ruins of a chapel, which was
dedicated to St. Bartholomew ; and the Indians
have a tradition that the above-mentioned saint ap
peared here and preached the gospel to them :
thus, in the principal altar of the church, they re
verence a large cross of very strong wood, and
which is celebrated for having wrought many mi
racles ; splinters of it being anxiously sought after
by the faithful, wherefrom to form small crosses ;

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