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294

CAQ

those which form its different mouths : also the
island of its name, inhabited by the Guaranos In
dians.

CAPUXA, a small settlement of the jurisdiction
and alcaldía mayor of Ixmiquilpán, and of the ca
pital of Orizava, in Nueva España.

CAQUETA, a very large and abundant river
rising in the province of Sucumbios in the kingdom
of Quito, in the mountains of Mocoa, this name
being also given to it: it runs from w. to e. On
the s. it gathers the waters of the San Pedro, Santa
Cruz, and Arevalo, and on the n. those of the
Lucia, Pato, Tango, Tabaquero, Cascabeles,
Iscanzé, and others of an inferior description. It
divides itself into two arms, the one of which takes
the name of Yupura, and which, running nearly to
the same point as the Marañon, separates itself into
other branches, which enter into this latter river in
4° of lat. and immediately become as large and
considerable as if they were the main stream : the
other arm is also divided into two, the one taking
a n. e. course, and entering the Orinoco, and the
other running s. e. and bearing the name of the Rio
Negro ; by means of which, in the year 1744, some
Portuguese came from Marañon to Orinoco, and
proved the communication of these rivers, which
before was doubted : also by one of the arms of the
Yupura, Gonzalo Ximenes de Quesada found his
way to the new kingdom of Granada when he
undertook its conquest. Some maintain that this
river was the Orinoco, and thus has Don Pedro
Maldonado represented it in his map published in
the year 1750; but that of the Father Bernado
Rosella, missionary of the abolished society of the
Jesuits in Orinoco, made after the notes and in
structions of the Father Manuel Roman, attributes
with some confidence another origin to the Orinoco,
and speaks of the Caquetá as one of the rivers which
enter it on the w. side. The Spanish geographer
Cruz, in his General Chart of America, makes no
distinction between the Yupura and the Caquetá,
and only speaks of one stream, which runs con
tinually to the s. s. e. through the territory of the Ca
vauris Indians, before it enters the Marañon. He
delineates the same as throwing out four branches
to the w. and three to the e. all which join the latter
river ; and he further states, that before it becomes
thus divided, it forms on its n. side two large lakes
called Ynabavú and Cumapi ; from the whole of
which may be easily inferred how great is the
abundance of its waters.

CAQUEZA, a settlement of the corregimiento of
Ubaque in the new kingdom of Granada, situate in
a warm but pleasant and agreeable soil, although
much infested by venomous snakes called tayas :

CAR

it abounds in the productions of a warm climate,
contains more than 200 housekeepers, and is nine
leagues to the s. w. of Santa Fe, in the road which
leads from San Juan de los Llanos to this capital.

CAQUIAUIRI, a settlement of the province and
corregimiento of Pacages in Peru.

CAQUINGORA, a settlement of the province
and corregimiento of Pacages in Peru.

CARA, an ancient province of the kingdom of
Quito towards the w. It extends itself along the
coast of the Pacific sea from the point of Pajonal to
the bay of Quaquez, for the space of 19 or 20
leagues ; is watered by the rivers Tasagua and
Chonos to the s. and by the Jama to the n. The
whole of the lands lie low, and are uncultivated and
full of wood ; the climate is hot and moist. It is at
present united to the province of Esmeraldas.

CARA, the capital, which is now destroyed, was
founded by Francisco de Ribas in the year 1562.
It was situate in the bay of Cara, which is formed
by the mouths of the two rivers Tasagua and
Chones : its ruins are still to be seen, and from these
was built the settlement of Canoa, at six leagues
distance, which was the residence of the lieutenant
governor. This settlement was in 31' s. lat.

Cara, with the addition of BELLA, a small set
tlement of the Portuguese in the province and cap
tainship of Puerto Seguro in Brazil ; situate at the
source of the river Prieto, and in the territory or
country of the Pories Indians.

CARABAIA, a province and corregimiento of
Peru, bounded on the e. by Larecaja, w. by Quis
picanchi, n. w. and n. by the territories of the
infidel Indians, called Carangues, Sumachuanes,
and others, who are separated by the famous river
Inambary; s. w. by the province of Canes and
Canches or Tinta, and s. by Lampa and Asangaro,
and in part by Puno or Paucarcolla. According {o
the nice measurements which were made with re
gard to this province as well as of the others, it is
said to be 40 leagues from n. to s. and 50 at the
most from e. to w. Its furtherest limits are only 14
leagues distant from Cuzco, although on horseback
it is necessary to go a round of 60 leagues. Its
climate is various, according to the more or less
elevated situation of the country; so that it is in
some parts very cold, and in others more temperate.
The pastures are good, consequently there is no
want of cattle, and in the neighbourhood of the
Andes they gather three or four crops of coca in
the year. In this province is included that called
San Gaban, which was united to it; many settle
ments having been at the same time added to the
provinces of Larecaja, Lampa and Asangaro. It
has abounded more in gold than any other province

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