484

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484

c o c

c o c

Same name, another (settlement), of the province and govern
ment of Tucuman, of the jurisdiction of the city
of Cordoba ; situate on the shore of the river Se
gundo.

COCHABAMBA, a province and corregU
miento of Peru ; bounded n. by the cordillera of the
Andes, e. by the heiglits of Intimuyo, e. by the
province of Misque, s. by that of Chayanta or
Charcas, s. w. by the corregimiento of Oruro, w.
and n. w. by that of Cicasica. It is 40 leagues in
length from n. to s. and 32 in width. This pro
vince may with justice -be called the granary of
Peru, since it produces an abundance of every kind
of seed, through the mildness of its climate. In
the higher parts are bred a tolerable quantity of
large and small kinds of cattle. It is watered by
several small rivers of sweet water, which fertilize
the valleys ; and in these are some magnificent
estates. Almost all these small rivers become
united in the curacy of Capinota ; and their wa
ters, passing through the provinces of Misque and
Charcas, become incorporated in the large river
which passes on the e. side of Santa Cruz de la
Sierra. In former times some mines were worked
here, and from 1747, forward, great quantities of
gold have been extracted from the lavaderos, or
washing-places, upon the heights of Choqueca
mata, although this metal is not now found there
in the same abundance. Some veins of it are, how
ever, to be seen in the cordillera, although these
render but little emolument. The greatest com
merce carried on in this province depends upon its
own productions ; and the market-place of the
valley of Arque is so stocked with articles as to
have the appearance of a continual fair. It has
also some glass kilns, as it abounds greatly in glass
wort ; likewise many sugar estates, and streams of
hot waters. Its repartirniento used to amount to
186,675 dollars, and its alcavala to 1493 dollars
per annum. Its inhabitants may amount to 70,000;
and these are divided into 17 curacies, two others
being annexed. The capital is the town of Oro
pcsa, and the rest are,

Sacaba, Carasa,

Choquecamata, Calliri,

Yani, Zipezipe,

Machacamarca, Quillacollo,

Tapacari, Passo,

Berenguela, Tiquipaya,

Coloha, Colcapirhua,

Arque, Punata,

(Japinota, Tarata.

Sipaya,

I Inhabited by a hardy, sober, and active race,
Cochabamba (as Azara observes) has risen of late

years to a considerable state of prosperity in the
manufactory of glass, cotton, &c. with which, du
ring the late war, it has supplied the whole inte
rior. Blessed with fertility and a moderate cli
mate, it bids fair to be the Manchester of Peru, for
1,000,000 pounds of cotton are already annually
consumed in its manufactures. Its surface abounds
in a variety of salts and mineral productions, and
its forests teem with woods and roots for dyeing.
To these Haenke has particularly turned his atten
tion, and has pointed out, besides several new ma
terials for manufacture, other processes for dyeing,
worthy of our adoption in Europe. This pro
vince joined the new government of Buenos Ayres
in September 1810. See La Pcata.]

Same name, a settlement of the province and
corregimiento of Cuaylas in Peru ; annexed to the
curacy of Llautan in the province of Santa.

Same name, an extensive valley, watered by
the pleasant streams of the river Condorillo, of the
province of this name (Condorillo) ; in which was founded the
principal settlement of the Indians, now called
Oropesa.

Same name, a river of the same province,
which rises close to the settlement of Tapacari.
It runs s. s. e. and enters the Plata, after traversing
many leagues.

COCHACAJAS, a settlement of the province
and corregimiento of Andahuailas in Peru. It is
35 leagues from Cuzco, and 44 from Huamanga.

COCHACALLA, a settlement of the province
and corregimiento of Tarma in Peru ; annexed to
the curacy of Parianchacra.

COCHACASA, an ancient settlement of Indians, in the province of Chinchasuyu in Peru.
It was one of the celebrated conquests of the here
ditary prince of the Incas, Yahuar Huacae, son of
the Emperor Inca Roca, sixth in the series of
these inonarcbs.

COCHACASCO, a settlement of the province
and corregimiento of Huarochiri in Peru ; annexed
to the curacy of Chorillo.

COCHAIMA, a settlement of the province and
corregimiento of Luya and Chillaos in Peru ; an
nexed to the curacy of Cheto.

COCHAMARCA, a settlement of the province
and corregimiento of Caxatambo in Peru.

COCHANGARA, a settlement of the province
and corregimiento of Xauxa in Peru .

COCHAPETI, a settlement of the province
and corregimiento of Huailas in Peru ; annexed to
the curacy of Cotoparazo.

COCHARCAS, a settlement of the province
and corregimiento of Andahuailas in Peru ; an
nexed to the curacy of Chincheros ; in which is

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