370

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370

C H A

C H A

America called New South Wales. Its territory
consists of a white dry sand, and it is covered with
small trees and shrubs. This island has a beauti-
ful appearance in the spring to those Avho discover
it after a voyage of three or four months, and after
having seen nothing but a multitude of mountains
covered with frost, which lie in the bay, and in the
strait of Hudson, and which are rocks petrified
with eternal ice. This island appears at that sea-
son as though it were one heap of verdure. The
air at the bottom of the bay, although in 51“ of hit.
and nearer to the sun than London, is excessively
cold for nine months, and extremely hot the remain-
ing three, save when the n. w. wind prevails. The
soil on the e. <^s well as on the w. side produces all
kinds of grain and fruits of fine qualities, which
are cultivated on the shore of the river Rupert.
Lat. 52“ 12' n. Long. 80“ w.

CHARNACOCHA, a settlement of the pro-
vince and corregimiento of Pilaya and Paspaya in
Peru,

CHARO, Matlazingo, the alcaldía mayor
of the province and bishopric of Mechoacán in
Nueva España, of a mild and dry temperature,
being the extremity of the sierra of Otzumatlan ;
the heights of which are intersected with many
veins of metals, which manifest themselves very
plainly, although they have never yet been dug
out ; and in the wet seasons the clay or mud pits
render the roads impassable. It is watered by the
river which rises in the pool or lake of Valladolid,
and by which the crops of wheat, maize, lentils, and
the fruits peculiar to the place, are rendered fertile
and productive. This reduced jurisdiction belongs
to the Marquises of Valle, and is subject to the
Dukes of Terranova. Its population is reduced to
some ranchos, or meetings for the purpose of labour,
and to the capital, which has the same name, and
which contains a convent of the religious order of
St. Augustin, this being one of the first temples
built by the Spaniards in this kingdom, the present
dilapidated state of it bearing ample testimony to
its great antiquity. It contains 430 families of
Pirindas Indians, employed in labour and in the
cultivation of the land, and in making bread, which
is carried for the supply' of Valladolid, the neigh-
bouring ranchos and estates. It should also have
45 or 50 families of Spaniards, Mustees^ and Mulat-
toes. Is .50 leagues to the w. of Mexico, and two
to the e. of Valladolid. Long. 100° 44'. Lat.
19“34'.

CHARON, a small river of Canada, which runs
e. and enters the lake Superior in the bay of Beau-
harnois.

CHARPENTIER, Fond du, a bay of the n. e.

coast of the island of Martinique, between the town
and parish of Marigot and the Pan de Azucar.

CHARPENTIER, a small river of the same island
which runs n. e. and enters the sea in the former
bay.

CHARQUEDA, a lake of the province and
captainship of Rey in Brazil, near the coast which
lies between this lake and that of Los Patos.

CHARRUAS, a barbarous nation of Indians of
Paraguay, who inhabit the parts lying between the
rivers Parana and Uruguay. These Indians are
the most idle of any in America, and it has been
attempted in vain to reduce them to any thing like
a civilized state.

Charruas, a settlement of this province and
government.

Charruas, a river of the same province, which
runs s. s. w. and enters the Paraná.

CHARTIER, Bahia de, a bay on the s. coast
of the straits of Magellan, between the bay of San
Simon and the point of Tunquichisgua.

Chartier, a settlement of Indians of the pro-
vince and colony of Virginia ; situate on the shore
of a river of the same name. It runs s. and enters
the sea in the county of Hampshire.

(Chartier, a township in Washington county,
Pennsylvania.)

(Chartier’s Creek. See Canonsburg and
Morganza.)

(CHARTRES, a fort which was built by
the French, on the e. side of the Mississippi,
three miles n. of La Prairie du Rocher, or the
Rock meadows, and 12 miles n. of St. Genevieve,
on the w. side of that river. It was abandoned in
1772, being untenable by the constant washings of
the Mississippi in high floods. The village s. of
the fort was very inconsiderable in 1778. A mile
above this is a village settled by 170 warriors of the
Piorias and Mitchigamias tribes of Illinois Indians,
who are idle and debauched.)

CHASPAIA, a settlement of the province and
corregimiento of Aricá in Peru; annexed to the
curacy of Tarata.

CHASSES, a small river of N. Carolina, which
runs n. n. e. and enters that of Cutawba.

CHAT, Trou de, a settlement of the parish and
island of Martinique ; situate near the bay of the
Cul de Sac Royal, and to the n. e. of the capital.

Chat, a river of the island of Guadalupe, which
rises in the mountains of the e. coast, and running
e. enters the sea between the rivers Grand Bananier
and Trou au Chien, or Hole of the Dog.

Chat, a cape or point of land on the coast of
the river St. Lawrence, on the shore opposite to
the port of San Pacracio.

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