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kmr3934 at Oct 19, 2018 07:10 PM

370

370

C H A

C H A

America called New South Wales. Its territory
consists of a white dry sand, and it is covered with
small trees and shrubs. This island has a beauti
ful appearance in the spring to those Avho discover
it after a voyage of three or four months, and after
having seen nothing but a multitude of mountains
covered with frost, which lie in the bay, and in the
strait of Hudson, and which are rocks petrified
with eternal ice. This island appears at that sea
son as though it were one heap of verdure. The
air at the bottom of the bay, although in 51“ of hit.
and nearer to the sun than London, is excessively
cold for nine months, and extremely hot the remain
ing three, save when the n. w. wind prevails. The
soil on the e. <^s well as on the w. side produces all
kinds of grain and fruits of fine qualities, which
are cultivated on the shore of the river Rupert.
Lat. 52“ 12' n. Long. 80“ w.

CHARNACOCHA, a settlement of the pro
vince and corregimiento of Pilaya and Paspaya in
Peru,

CHARO, Matlazingo, the alcaldía mayor
of the province and bishopric of Mechoacán in
Nueva España, of a mild and dry temperature,
being the extremity of the sierra of Otzumatlan ;
the heights of which are intersected with many
veins of metals, which manifest themselves very
plainly, although they have never yet been dug
out ; and in the wet seasons the clay or mud pits
render the roads impassable. It is watered by the
river which rises in the pool or lake of Valladolid,
and by which the crops of wheat, maize, lentils, and
the fruits peculiar to the place, are rendered fertile
and productive. This reduced jurisdiction belongs
to the Marquises of Valle, and is subject to the
Dukes of Terranova. Its population is reduced to
some ranchos, or meetings for the purpose of labour,
and to the capital, which has the same name, and
which contains a convent of the religious order of
St. Augustin, this being one of the first temples
built by the Spaniards in this kingdom, the present
dilapidated state of it bearing ample testimony to
its great antiquity. It contains 430 families of
Pirindas Indians, employed in labour and in the
cultivation of the land, and in making bread, which
is carried for the supply' of Valladolid, the neigh
bouring ranchos and estates. It should also have
45 or 50 families of Spaniards, Mustees^ and Mulat
toes. Is .50 leagues to the w. of Mexico, and two
to the e. of Valladolid. Long. 100° 44'. Lat.
19“34'.

CHARON, a small river of Canada, which runs
e. and enters the lake Superior in the bay of Beau
harnois.

CHARPENTIER, Fond du, a bay of the n. e.

coast of the island of Martinique, between the town
and parish of Marigot and the Pan de Azucar.

CHARPENTIER, a small river of the same island
which runs n. e. and enters the sea in the former
bay.

CHARQUEDA, a lake of the province and
captainship of Rey in Brazil, near the coast which
lies between this lake and that of Los Patos.

CHARRUAS, a barbarous nation of Indians of
Paraguay, who inhabit the parts lying between the
rivers Parana and Uruguay. These Indians are
the most idle of any in America, and it has been
attempted in vain to reduce them to any thing like
a civilized state.

Charruas, a settlement of this province and
government.

Charruas, a river of the same province, which
runs s. s. w. and enters the Paraná.

CHARTIER, Bahia de, a bay on the s. coast
of the straits of Magellan, between the bay of San
Simon and the point of Tunquichisgua.

Chartier, a settlement of Indians of the pro
vince and colony of Virginia ; situate on the shore
of a river of the same name. It runs s. and enters
the sea in the county of Hampshire.

(Chartier, a township in Washington county,
Pennsylvania.)

(Chartier’s Creek. See Canonsburg and
Morganza.)

(CHARTRES, a fort which was built by
the French, on the e. side of the Mississippi,
three miles n. of La Prairie du Rocher, or the
Rock meadows, and 12 miles n. of St. Genevieve,
on the w. side of that river. It was abandoned in
1772, being untenable by the constant washings of
the Mississippi in high floods. The village s. of
the fort was very inconsiderable in 1778. A mile
above this is a village settled by 170 warriors of the
Piorias and Mitchigamias tribes of Illinois Indians,
who are idle and debauched.)

CHASPAIA, a settlement of the province and
corregimiento of Aricá in Peru; annexed to the
curacy of Tarata.

CHASSES, a small river of N. Carolina, which
runs n. n. e. and enters that of Cutawba.

CHAT, Trou de, a settlement of the parish and
island of Martinique ; situate near the bay of the
Cul de Sac Royal, and to the n. e. of the capital.

Chat, a river of the island of Guadalupe, which
rises in the mountains of the e. coast, and running
e. enters the sea between the rivers Grand Bananier
and Trou au Chien, or Hole of the Dog.

Chat, a cape or point of land on the coast of
the river St. Lawrence, on the shore opposite to
the port of San Pacracio.


Translation

llamada Nueva Gales Meridional: su terreno es de una arena blanca y árida, y cubierta de arbolillos y arbustos pequeños: esta Isla hace una hermosa vista en la Primavera a los que la descubren después de un viage de tres 6 quatro meses, viendo multitud de montañas de yelo que hay en la Bahía y estrecho de Hudson, y son escollos petrificados por la continuación del yelo, al verla llena de árboles como si toda fuese de un hermoso vsrde: el ayre en el fondo de la Bahía, aunque en 5 1 gr. de lat. y mas inmediata al sol que Londres es sumamente frío nueve me ses, y los tres restantes muy cálido, menos quando sopla el viento NO: el suelo de la parte de Levante como el de Poniente, produce toda especie de granos y frutas de muy buena calidad, que se cultivan a orilla del río Rupert: está en 52 gr. 30 min. de lat. sept. y 82 de long. occid.

CHARNACOCHA, Pueblo de la Provincia y Corregimiento de Pilaya y Paspaya en el Perú.

CHARO, Matlazingo, Alcaldía mayor] de la Provincia y Obispado de Mechoacan en Nueva España, de temperamento templado y seco, por ser extremidad de la Sierra de Otzumatlán, en cuyas alturas cruzan muchas betas de minerales, manifestadas aunque no se trabajan, por lo qual se forman en tiempo de aguas pnos barrizales que hacen intransibles los caminos: riégala el río que nace en la alberca o laguna de Valladolid, con que fecundan las sementeras de trigo, maiz, lentejas y otros frutos que es lo que produce: esta reducida jurisdicción pertenece al Marquesado del Valle, y proveen los Duques de Terranova, su población se reduce a algunos ranchos de labor, y la Capital que tiene el misino nombre donde hay un Convento de Religiosos de San Agustín, que fue de los primeros templos que construyeron los Españoles en el Reyno, cuya fabrica injuriada del tiempo manifiesta su antiguedad: tiene 430 familias de Indios Pirindas empleados en la labor y cultivo de las tierras, y en amasar pan que llevan a vender a Valladolid y a sus ranchos y haciendas: tendrá también de 45 a 50 familias de Españoles, mestizos y mulatos: dista 50 leguas al O de México y 2 al E de Valladolid, long. 272....10, lat. 20.... 20.

CHARON, río pequeño de la Nueva Francia o Canadá: corre al E y entra en el lago superior en la abra de Beauharnois.

CHARPENTIER, Fond du, Ensenada de la Costa del NE en la Isla de Martinica, entre el Pueblo y Parroquia de Marigot y el Pan de Azúcar,
Tiene el mismo nombro un río pequeño de la propia Isla, corre al NE y sale al mar en la Ensenada antecedente.

CHARQUEADA, Laguna de la Provincia y Capitanía del Rey en el Brasil cerca de la Costa entre ella y la laguna grande de los Patos.

CHARRUAS, Nación bárbara de Indios del Paraguay, que habita entre los rios Paraná y Uruguay: son los Indios mas ociosos de toda la América, incapaces de poderse reducir a población ni a vida civil.

Tiene el mismo nombre un Pueblo de esta Provincia y Gobierno.
Un río también de ella que corre al S SO y entra en el Paraná.

CHARTIER, Bahía de, en la Costa del S del estrecho de Magallanes, entre la de San Simón y la Punta de Tunquichisgua.

CHARTIERS, Pueblo de Indios de la Provincia y Colonia de Virginia, situada a orilla de un río del mismo nombre, que corre al S y sale al mar en el Condado de Hampshire.

CHARTRES, Pueblo y Fuerte de la Provincia y Gobierno de la Luisiana, situado a orilla del río Misisipi al S del de Methigamis.

CHASSES, Río] pequeño de la Carolina Septentrional: corre al N NE y entra en el de Cutawa.

CHASPAIA, Pueblo de la Provincia y Corregimiento de Arica en el Perú, anexo al Curato de Tarata.

CHAT, Trou du, o Agujero del Gato, Pueblo y Parroquia de la Isla Martinica, situado cerca de la Bahía de Cul de Sac Royal, y. al NE de la Capital.

Tiene el mismo nombre un río de la Isla Guadalupe, que nace en las montañas de la Costa del E, y corriendo a este rumbo sale al mar entre los del Grand Bananier y trou au Chien o Agujero del Perro.
Un Cabo o Punta de tierra en la Costa del río San Lorenzo a orilla opuesta del Puerto de San Pancracio.

370

370

C H A

C H A

America called New South Wales. Its territory
consists of a white dry sand, and it is covered with
small trees and shrubs. This island has a beauti
ful appearance in the spring to those Avho discover
it after a voyage of three or four months, and after
having seen nothing but a multitude of mountains
covered with frost, which lie in the bay, and in the
strait of Hudson, and which are rocks petrified
with eternal ice. This island appears at that sea
son as though it were one heap of verdure. The
air at the bottom of the bay, although in 51“ of hit.
and nearer to the sun than London, is excessively
cold for nine months, and extremely hot the remain
ing three, save when the n. w. wind prevails. The
soil on the e. <^s well as on the w. side produces all
kinds of grain and fruits of fine qualities, which
are cultivated on the shore of the river Rupert.
Lat. 52“ 12' n. Long. 80“ w.

CHARNACOCHA, a settlement of the pro
vince and corregimiento of Pilaya and Paspaya in
Peru,

CHARO, Matlazingo, the alcaldía mayor
of the province and bishopric of Mechoacán in
Nueva España, of a mild and dry temperature,
being the extremity of the sierra of Otzumatlan ;
the heights of which are intersected with many
veins of metals, which manifest themselves very
plainly, although they have never yet been dug
out ; and in the wet seasons the clay or mud pits
render the roads impassable. It is watered by the
river which rises in the pool or lake of Valladolid,
and by which the crops of wheat, maize, lentils, and
the fruits peculiar to the place, are rendered fertile
and productive. This reduced jurisdiction belongs
to the Marquises of Valle, and is subject to the
Dukes of Terranova. Its population is reduced to
some ranchos, or meetings for the purpose of labour,
and to the capital, which has the same name, and
which contains a convent of the religious order of
St. Augustin, this being one of the first temples
built by the Spaniards in this kingdom, the present
dilapidated state of it bearing ample testimony to
its great antiquity. It contains 430 families of
Pirindas Indians, employed in labour and in the
cultivation of the land, and in making bread, which
is carried for the supply' of Valladolid, the neigh
bouring ranchos and estates. It should also have
45 or 50 families of Spaniards, Mustees^ and Mulat
toes. Is .50 leagues to the w. of Mexico, and two
to the e. of Valladolid. Long. 100° 44'. Lat.
19“34'.

CHARON, a small river of Canada, which runs
e. and enters the lake Superior in the bay of Beau
harnois.

CHARPENTIER, Fond du, a bay of the n. e.

coast of the island of Martinique, between the town
and parish of Marigot and the Pan de Azucar.

CHARPENTIER, a small river of the same island
which runs n. e. and enters the sea in the former
bay.

CHARQUEDA, a lake of the province and
captainship of Rey in Brazil, near the coast which
lies between this lake and that of Los Patos.

CHARRUAS, a barbarous nation of Indians of
Paraguay, who inhabit the parts lying between the
rivers Parana and Uruguay. These Indians are
the most idle of any in America, and it has been
attempted in vain to reduce them to any thing like
a civilized state.

Charruas, a settlement of this province and
government.

Charruas, a river of the same province, which
runs s. s. w. and enters the Paraná.

CHARTIER, Bahia de, a bay on the s. coast
of the straits of Magellan, between the bay of San
Simon and the point of Tunquichisgua.

Chartier, a settlement of Indians of the pro
vince and colony of Virginia ; situate on the shore
of a river of the same name. It runs s. and enters
the sea in the county of Hampshire.

(Chartier, a township in Washington county,
Pennsylvania.)

(Chartier’s Creek. See Canonsburg and
Morganza.)

(CHARTRES, a fort which was built by
the French, on the e. side of the Mississippi,
three miles n. of La Prairie du Rocher, or the
Rock meadows, and 12 miles n. of St. Genevieve,
on the w. side of that river. It was abandoned in
1772, being untenable by the constant washings of
the Mississippi in high floods. The village s. of
the fort was very inconsiderable in 1778. A mile
above this is a village settled by 170 warriors of the
Piorias and Mitchigamias tribes of Illinois Indians,
who are idle and debauched.)

CHASPAIA, a settlement of the province and
corregimiento of Aricá in Peru; annexed to the
curacy of Tarata.

CHASSES, a small river of N. Carolina, which
runs n. n. e. and enters that of Cutawba.

CHAT, Trou de, a settlement of the parish and
island of Martinique ; situate near the bay of the
Cul de Sac Royal, and to the n. e. of the capital.

Chat, a river of the island of Guadalupe, which
rises in the mountains of the e. coast, and running
e. enters the sea between the rivers Grand Bananier
and Trou au Chien, or Hole of the Dog.

Chat, a cape or point of land on the coast of
the river St. Lawrence, on the shore opposite to
the port of San Pacracio.


Translation