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566

C H A

C H A

20. Don Ignacio de Flores, native of Quito,
who had served as captain of cavalry in the regi
ment of the volunteers of Aragon, and who was go
vernor of the province of Moxos, being of the rank
of colonel ; he was nominated as president by way
of reward for his services, in having been instru
mental to the pacification of the Indians of Peru,
and to the succouring of the city of La Paz, which
was besieged by rebels : he governed until 1786,
when he was removed from the presidency.

Charcas, a ferocious and barbarous nation of
Indians of Peru, to the s.w. of the lakes of Aul
laga and of Paria ; conquered by Mayta Capac,
fourth monarch of the Incas. At present they
are reduced to the Christian faith in the govern
ment of Chuquisaca or La Plata.

Santa Maria Charcas, a settlement, with the dedicatory title
of Santa Maria, being the real of the mines of the
kingdom of Nueva Galicia, in which are marked
the boundaries of its jurisdiction, and those of
Nueva Espana, the last district of the bishopric of
Mechoacan. It contains a convent of the religi
ous order of St. Francis, and 50 families of Spa
niards, ilfwstees, and Mulattoes, as also many of In
dians dispersed in the rancherias and the estates
of its district: is 130 leagues to the n. J to the
n. w. of Mexico, 75 from Guadalaxera, and 18 to
the n. e. of the sierra of Pinos. Lat. 22° 55'.
Long. 100° 40'.

Charcas, another settlement and real of the
mines of the province of Copala, and kingdom of
Nueva Vizcaya ; situate two leagues from the
capital. In its vicinity are the estates of Panuco,
in which they work with quicksilver the metals of
the mines. To its curacy, which is adminstered
by one of the Catholic clergy, are annexed two
small settlements of Serranos Indians, amongst whom
are found some few of the Tepeguana nation.

CHARIMIZA, a river of the province and go
vernment of Mainas in the kingdom of Quito.
It rises in the cordillera towards the s. and enters
the Maranon.

(CHARLEMONT, a township in Hampshire
county, Massachusets, 16 miles w. of Deerfield,
having 665 inhabitants.)

(Charles, a cape on the s.w. part of the strait
entering into Hudson’s bay. Lat. 62° 40' n.
Long. 75° 15' w.)

Charles, a small lake of New France, to the
n. of the city of Quebec, which empties itself into
the river St. Lawrence.

Charles, another cape or point of the coast of
the country of Labrador ; one of those which form
the w. entrance or mouth of the strait of Belle
isle.

(Charles River, in Massachusetts, called an
ciently Quinobequin, is a considerable stream,
the principal branch of which rises from a pond
bordering on Hopkinton. It passes through Hollis
ton and Bellingham, and divides Medway from
Med field, Wrentham, and Franklin, and thence
into Dedham, where, by a curious bend, it forms a
peninsula of 900 acres of land. A stream called
lother brook runs out of this river in this town,
and falls into Neponsit river, forming a natural
canal, uniting the two rivers, and affording a num
ber of excellent mill-seats. From Dedham the
course of the river is n. dividing Newton from
Needham, Weston, and Waltham, passing over
romantic falls ; it then bends to the n. e. and e.
through Watertown and Cambridge, and passing
into Boston harbour, mingles with the waters of
Mystic river, at the point of the peninsula of
Charlestown. It is navigable for boats to Water
town, seven miles. The most remarkable bridges
on this river are those which connect Boston with
Charlestown and Cambridge. SeeBosxoN. Thereare
seven paper mills on this river, besides other mills.]
[Charles County, on the w. shore of Maryland,
lies between Potowmack and Patuxent rivers. Its
chief town is port Tobacco, on the river of that
name. Its extreme length is 28 miles, its breadth
24, and it contains 20,613 inhabitants, including
10,085 slaves. The country has few hills, is gene
rally low and sandy, and produces tobacco, Indian
corn, sweet potatoes, &c.)

(Charles City County, in Virginia, lies between
Chickahominy and James rivers. It contained
formerly part of what now forms Prince George’s
county. It has 5588 inhabitants, including 3141
slaves.)

(Charles, a cape of Virginia, in about lat. 37°
15' n. It is on the n. side of the mouth of Chesa
peak bay, having cape Henry opposite to it.]

Charles, a promontory in N. America, men
tioned by the English captain Thomas James, in
his voyage published 1663, which was made for
the sake of discovering a pass to S. America.

CHARLES. See Carlos, San.

CHARLESTON, a capital city of S. Carolina,
is one of the best of N. America, excelling in
beauty, grandeur, and commerce. It is situate
upon a long strip of land between two navigable
rivers, which are Ashley and Cowper, and the
greater part of it upon the latter. This forms in
the city two small bays, the one to the n. and the
other to the s. The town is of a regular construc
tion, and well fortified both by nature and art,
having six bastions and a line of entrenchment ; on
the side of the river Cowper it has the bastions of

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