C H I
los Llanos. Its inhabitants amount to about 200,
besides 100 Indians.
CHIPATA, a settlement of the corregimiento of
the jurisdiction of Velez in the Nuevo Reyno de
Granada. It is of an hot temperature, and it is
healthy, though by no means abounding in the
productions peculiar to its climate. Its inhabi-
tants are very few, and the number of Indians is 50.
It was one of the first settlements entered by the
Spaniards, and where the first mass ever celebrated
in that part of the world was said by the Friar Do-
mingo de las Casas, of the order of St. Domingo ;
and is situate very close to the city of Velez.
[CHIPAWAS. See Chepawas.]
CHIPAYA, a settlement of the province and
corregimiento of Carangas in Peru, and of the
archbisnoprhe of Charcas ; annexed to the curacy
CHIPEOS, a barbarous nation of Indians, of
the country of Las Amazonas, who inhabit the fo-
rests near the river Ucayala. Very little is known
of their customs.
[CHIPPAWYAN Fort, in N. America, from
whence M‘Kenzie embarked, on the lake of the
Hills, when he made his way as far as the N. sea,
[CUJPPEWAY River runs s. w. into Missis-
sippi river, in that part where the confluent waters
form lake Pepin.]
CHIPURANA, a river of the province and go-
vernment of Mainas. It rises in the mountains
which are to the s. of Yurimaguas ; runs in a ser-
pentine course from s. to n. and enters the Gual-
laga on the e. side, in lat. 7° 8' s.
CHIQUALOQUE, a settlement of the head
settlement of the district and alcaldia mayor of
Popantla in Nueva Espana; inhabited by 12 fami-
lies of Indians, and lying 12 leagues to the n. w. of
CHIQUIAN, a settlement of the province and
corregimiento of Caxatambo in Peru.
CHIQUIGUANITAS, a barbarous
nation of Indians in former times, but now reduced to the
Catholic religion. It is in Perú, to the s. of Lima,
in the province of Condesuyos de Arequipa.
CHIQUILIGASTA, a settlement of the pro-
vince and government of Tucaman, in the district
of its capital ; situate to the s. e. of the same.
CHIQUILIXPAN, a settlement of the head
settlement and alcaldia mayor of Zayula in
Nueva Espana. It contains 50 families of In-
dians, and in the mountains in its vicinity are
some mines of copper, which have been worked
at different times ; but not having produced a be-
nefit proportionate with the expences incurred, they
have been abandoned. It is, 15 leagues n. w. of
its head settlement.
CHIQUILLANIANS. Sec Index to new mat-
ter concerning Chile, chap. IV.
CHIQUIMULA Y SACAPA, a province and
alcaldia mayor of the kingdom of Guatemala.
CHIQUINQUIRA, a settlement of the corregi-
miento of Tunja in the Nuevo Reyno de Granada.
It is of a cold temperature, but is healthy ; its
situation is delightful, and it abounds in produc-
tions. It is watered by a river which runs through
the centre of it, the waters of which are unwhole-
some : at a small distance another river passes
through a plain ; this is called Balsa, or Raft, since,
before the bridge was thrown across it, it was passed
by rafts. It rises from the lake Fuguene, and
abounds in most exquisite fish. The settlement,
which was formerly but small, is now of great note,
and its inhabitants are about 500, besides 70 In-
dians. It has a good convent of the religious order
of S. Domingo, and is noted for the sanctuary of
the virgin of its title. Under the large altar, at
which is placed this image, there is a small foun-
tain of water, renowned for the curing of infirmities,
as is also the earth which is extracted from thence;
it being by no means the least part of the prodigy,
that although this earth has been constantly taken
out for upwards of 200 years, the excavation formed
thereby is comparatively exceedingly small. The
faith in, and devotion towards this image, are
throughout the kingdom very great, and not lesa
so with regard to strangers, who visit it in great
numbers from far distant provinces. This settle-
ment is nine leagues from Tunja, and 15 to the
n. zeJ. of Santa Fe.
CHIQUITI, a river of the province and go-
vernment of Esmeraldas in the kingdom of Quito.
It runs from s. w. to n. e. between the rivers Vichi
and Cuche, and enters on the s. side into the river
of Las Esrneraldas.
CHIQUITOI, a settlement of the province and
corregimiento of Truxillo in Peru. It is at present
destroyed, and the few surviving inhabitants after-
wards collected together at the settlement of San-
tiago de Cao, and it then became merely a small
estate or hamlet, preserving its original name, and
being inhabited by a few Indians.
CHIQUITOS, a numerous and warlike
nation of Indians of Perú, whose country or territory ex-
tends from lat. 16° to 20° s. It is bounded w. by
the province and government of Santa Cruz de la
Sierra ; on the e". it extends itself for upwards of
140 leagues as far as the lake of Los Xarayes ; on
the n, as far as the mountains of the Tapacures,
the which divide this country from that of Moxos ;