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The geographical and historical dictionary of America and the West Indies [volume 1]

345
Indexed

C A X

C A X

345

dom ; annexed to the curacy of Pasco ; in which is the celebrated mountain and mine of Lauricocha.

CAXAMARQUILLA Y COLLAOS, the territory of the missions which forms part of the former province, and which is a reduccion of the infidel mountain Indians, who have been converted by the monks of St. Francis: these Indians are maintained by a portion paid by the kin«?’s procurator out of the royal coffers at Lima. They dwell to the e. of the province, and are reduced to four settlements ; two of the Ibita, and two of the Cholona nation. It is now 90 years since their foundation, and the number of Indians may at present amount to 2000. Those settlements are situate upon mountains covered with trees and thick woods ; from whence the natives procure incense, cffCflo, resinous gums, oil of Maria, dragon’s blood, the reed called bejuco^ dried fish, honey, wax, monkeys, parrots, and macaws, whicli^ are the branches of its commerce ; tliough not less so is the coca plant, which they pack up in measures of four bushels each , and carry in abundance to different parts, for the consumption of the whole province. The missionaries of the above order have made various attempts, and have spared neither pains nor labour in penetrating into the interior parts of the mountains ; having repeatedly discovered other barbarous nations, whom they would fain have reduced to the divine knowledge of the gospel.

The aforesaid settlements are,

Jesus de Sion, San Buenaventura,

Jesus de Ochonache, Pisano.

CAXATAMBO, a province and corregimiento of Peru, bounded n. by that of Huailas, n. e. by that of Conchuios, e. by that of Huamalies, s. e. by that of Tarma, s. by the part of Chancay called Checras, s. e. by the low part of Chancay, and n. w. by that of Santa. It is in length 34 leagues n. e. s. w. and 32 in width n. w. s. e. ; the greater part of it is situate in a serrama. Its temperature is consequently cold, except in the broken and uneven spots and in the low lands. Besides the productions peculiar to the serrama., this province abounds in all sorts of seeds and fruits; in all species of cattle, especially of the sheep kind, from the fleece of whicli its inhabitants manufacture much cloth peculiar to the country ; this being the principal source of its commerce. It produces some grain and cochineal, used for dyes ; and if this latter article were cultivated, it would bring great profit. Amongst tlie mountains of this province there is one called Huilagirca of fine flint, and two mines of sulphur and alcaparrosa, articles employed in the colouring of wools, not only in this province,

VOL. I.

but in those of Huanuco, Huamalies, and Jauja: It has also mines of good yeso or gypsum. The principal rivers by which it is irrigated, are two which rise in the same soil, and both of which enter the S. sea, after having laved the contiguous provinces ^ in former times there were fine silver mines, which are still worked, but for some reason or other, to very little profit. On the n. c. part, on some eminences, is a spot called Las Tres Cruces, (The Three Crosses), there being as many of these fixed up here to determine its boundaries, and that of the province of Santa Huailas. Its population consists of the 69 following settlements : its repartimiento used to amount to 1^0, (XX) dollars, and the akavala to 1046 dollars per annum.

Caxatambo, the ca-

Cochas,

pital,

Huanchai,

Astobambas,

Gorgor,

Uicas,

Huucahori,

Mangas,

Palpay,

Ptiequian,

Chingos,

Copa,

Caxamarquili* de

Gorgorillo,

Gorgor,

Paellon,

Churin,

Chamas,

Huacho,

Nanis,

Curay,

Chiquian,

Tancur,

Huasta,

A cay a,

Acquia,

Rap;is,

Matara,

Pachangara,

Ticllos,

Palpas, distinct from

Roca,

the other,

Corpanqui,

Naba,

Llaclla,

Oyon,

Can is,

Tinta,

Caxamarquilla,

Mallay,

Rajan,

Andajes,

Hacas,

Chimba,

Carhuapampa,

Caras,

Pimachi,

Larcha,

Machaca,

Maui,

Chilcas,

Calpa,

Ocros,

Caujul,

Cheque,

Nabdn,

Congay,

Conchas,

Copa,

Ayndeo,

Caxacay,

Ambar,

Huaillacayan,

Cocharnarca,

Yaraor,

A^arocalla,

Raclla,

Huaca,

Colquios,

Quintai.

Caxatambo, a settlement and the capital of the former province. Lat. 10° 27' s.

CAXHUACAN, S. Francisco de, a settlement of the head settlement of Teutalpan, and al-

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