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The geographical and historical dictionary of America and the West Indies [volume 1]


C L 1



abundance of the various kinds of grain cultivated in other parts of the state ; the people manufacture earthenware, pot and pearl ashes, in large quantities, which they export to New York or Quebec. Their wool is excellent ; their beef and pork second to none ; and the price of stall-fed beef in Montreal, 60 miles from Plattsburg, is such as to encourage the farmers to drive their cattle to that market. Their forests supply them with sugar and molasses, and the soil is well adapted to the culture of hemp. The land-carriage from any part of the country, in transporting their produce to New York, does not exceed 18 miles ; the carrying place at Ticonderoga is one mile and a half, and from fort George, at the s. end of the lake of that name, to fort Edward, is but 14 miles. The small obstructions after that are to be removed by the proprietors of the n. canal. From this country to Quebec, are annually sent large rafts ; the rapids at St. John’s and Chamblee being the only interruptions in the navigation, and those not so great, but that at some seasons batteaux with 60 bushels of salt can ascend them ; salt is sold here at half a dollar a bushel. Seranac, Sable, and Boquet rivers water Clinton county ; the first is remarkable for the quantity of salmon it produces.]

[Clinton, a township in Dutchess county. New York, above Poughkeepsie. It is large and thriving, and contains 4607 inhabitants, including 176 slaves. Six hundred and sixty-six of its inhabitants are electors.]

[Clinton, a settlement in Tioga county. New York, bounded by Fayette on the n. Warren on the s. Green on the w. and Franklin in Otsego county on the e. Unadilla river joins the Susquehannah at the n. e, corner, and the confluent stream runs s. zis. to Warren.]

[Clinton, a plantation in Lincoln county, district of Maine, lies 27 miles from Hallowell.]

[Clinton Parish, in the township of Paris, seven miles from Whitestown, is a wealthy, pleasant, flourishing settlement, containing several Tiandsome houses, a newly erected Prebyterian meeting-house, a convenient school-house, and an edifice for an academy, delightfully situated, but not yet finished. Between this settlement and the Indian settlements at Oneida, a distance of 12 miles, (in June 1796), was wilderness without any inhabitants, excepting a few Indians at the Old Oneida village.]

[Clinton’s Harbour, on the ??. w. coast of N. America, has its entrance in lat. 52° 12' n. Captain Gray named it after Governor Clinton of New York.]

[CLIOQUOT. See Clyoquot.]

CLIPSA, a fertile and pleasant plain, or llanura, of the kingdom of Peru, in the jurisdiction of Chuquisaca, and bounded by that of Cochabamba. It is 30 miles in circumference, is well peopled, and very fertile and pleasant, and its climate is healthy.

[CLISTINOS, a fierce nation of Indians, who inhabit round Hudson bay. See New Britain.]

CLOS, a settlement of North Carolina, in the county of Anson.

[CLOSTER, a village in Bergen county, New Jersey, nearly seven miles s. e. ofPeramus, and 16 n. of New York city.]

[CLIOQUOT, a sound or bay on the n. w. coast of America, to. from Berkley’s sound. See Hancock’s Harbour.]

COACALCO, San Francisco de, a settlement of the alcaldia mayor of Ecatepec in Nueva Espafia. It contains 129 families of Indians.

COACHIC, a settlement of the missions which were held by the regulars of the company of Jesuits, in the province of Taraumura, and kingdom of Nueva Vizca 3 >^a. It is S4 leagues to the s. w. of the town and real of Mines of Chiguagua ; and about the distance of a league and a half in the same direction, lies an estate of the same name.

COACLAN, San Gaspar de, a settlement of the alcaldia mayor of Tezcoco in Nueva Espana. It contains 218 families of Indians, in which are included those of its six neighbouring wards. It is oiie league s. of its capital.

COACULA, Asuncion de, a settlement of the head settlement and alcaldia mayor of Iguala in Nueva Espana. It contains 37 families of Indians.

COAGUILA, a province of Nueva España, bounded by the Nuevo Reyno de Leon. It extends as far as the river Medina ; runs 200 leagues in length towards the n. and is 160 wide from s. w. to n. e. All this extensive country is as it were unpeopled, being inhabited no otherwise than by some few settlements established by the missions, who consist of the monks of St. Francis of the city of Queretano, who have succeeded in converting some of the natives. There are, however, three garrisons upoa the frontiers of the sierras^ and country of the infidel Indians, for the purpose of checking any irruption. This province is watered by many large rivers, the principal of which arc those of Nadadores and St. Domingo. There arc here some estates, in Avhich large and small cattle breed plentifully, on account of the fineness of the pastures. The capital is the town and garrison of

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c o c


COCO, a river of the province and government of Darien in the kingdom of Tierra Firme. It rises in the mountains of the n. and enters the sea opposite the island of Las Palmas, and gives its name to the territory of a Cacique, thus called.

Same name, a point of the coast of the South sea, and kingdom of Tierra Firme, in the bay of Panama.

COCOLI, a river of the province and government of Honduras. It runs e. and enters the sea in the gulf of this name.

COCOLI, a point of the coast, in the same province and kingdom (Honduras).

COCOLOT, a city, which some liave supposed to be in the province of Chaco in Peru, but of the existence of which no proofs are at present to be found.

COCOMERACHI, a settlement of the missions which were held by the regulars of the company of Jesuits, in the province of Taraumara, and kingdom of Nueva Vizcaya. It is 40 leagues to the w. s.zo. of the town 'And real of the mines of Chiguaga.

COCOMICO, a settlement of the province and government of Popayan in the Nuevo Reyno de Granada,

COCONUCO, See Cucunuco.

COCORALE, a settlement of the province and government of Venezuela in the kingdom of Tierra Firme; situate at the w. of the town of San Felipe.

COCORIN, a settlement of the province of Ostimuri in Nueva Espana; situate on the shore of the river Hiagui, between the settlements of Bacun and Comoriopa.

COCOROTE, some copper mines in the province and government of Venezuela, much celebrated.

COCOS, some small islands of the Pacific or S. sea, lying close together, and divided by some narrow channels. They abound in cocoa-trees, and from thence take their name. They are also called Santa Cruz, from having been discovered on the day of the invention of the cross. The climate here is pleasant, but the isles are uncultivated and desert. Lat. 5° n.

Same name, a point of the island of Trinidad, on the e. coast.

COCOSPERA, a settlement of the province and government of Sonora in Nueva Espana ; situate at the source of a river,

COCOTA, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Tunja, in the jurisdiction of the city of Pamplona, of the Nuevo Reyno de Granada.

COCOTZINGO, S. Geronimo de, a settlement of the head settlement and alcaldia mayor of Cuernavaca in Nueva Espana.

COCUI, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Tunja in the NueVo Reyno de Granada ; situate at the foot of the sierra Nevada. It is of a cold temperature, but abounds in all kinds of productions, and particularly in wheat, maize, barley, &c. It contains 700 white inhabitants, and 150 Indians. Thirty-two leagues from Tunja, and eight from the settlement of Chita.

COCUISAS, a settlement of the province and government of Cumana in the kingdom of Tierra Firme, It lies to the s. of the city of Cariaco.

Same name, a river of the province and government of Venezuela, being one of those which enter the Gamaiotal, before this runs into that of La Portuguesa.

COCULA, a settlement of the head settlement and alcaldia mayor of Tlajomulco in Nueva Espana. It contains a convent of the religious order of St. Francis, and is six leagues to the w. of its capital.

COCUPAC, a city and head settlement of the district of the alcaldia mayor of Valladolid in Nueva Espana, and of the bishopric of Mechoaean. Its situation is in a nook to the n. of the great lake. On the e. and ze. are two lofty mountains, which form so many other entrances, the one to the 5. and the other to the n. Its temperature is rather cold than w'arm ; and although it does not want for fruits, it is but ill supplied with water, the only stream it has not running more than the distance of a stone’s throw before it enters a lake. The inhabitants are thus under the necessity of supplying themselves by wells. The population of this city consists in 45 families of Spaniards, 52 of Mustees and Mulattoes, and 150 of Indians. They occupy themselves in the making of tiles or flags ; and the inferior order are muleteers. It has a convent of the religious order of St. Francis.

COCUS, Punta de, a point on the e. coast of the island of Newfoundland, between cape Spear and the bay of Tor.

COD, a cape of the coast of New England and province of Massachusetts. It runs for many leagues towards the sea, forming a large semicircle, and afterwards returning, forms the bay of Barnstable. [See Cape Cod, Barnstable, &c.]

CODDINGTON, a settlement of the island of Barbadoes, in the district of the parish of San Juan.

CODEBORE, a small river of New Britain,

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