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The geographical and historical dictionary of America and the West Indies [volume 1]

2
Indexed

ABACU, a point of land on the S coast of the island of St. Domingo.

ABADES, a settlement of the province and government of Popayan, in the district and jurisdiction of San Juan de Pasto.

ABANCAY, a province and corregimiento of Peru, bounded on the E by the large city of Cuzco, (its jurisdiction beginning at the parish of Santa Ana of that city), and on the W by the province of Andahuailas; N by that of Calcaylares, forming, in this part, an extended chain of snowcovered mountains ; S by the provinces of Cotabamba and Aimaraez; S W by Chilques and Masques. It extends 26 leagues from E to W and is 14 broad. Its most considerable river is the Apurimac, which is separated from it at the N W and bends its course, united with other streams, towards the mountains of the Andes. This river is crossed by a wooden bridge of 80 yards long and 3 broad, which is in the high road from Lima to Cuzco, and other provinces of the sierra. The toll collected here is four rials of silver for every load of goods of the produce of the country, and twelve for those of the produce of Europe. The temperature of this province is mild, and for the most part salubrious, with the exception of a few vallies, where, on account of the excessive heat and humidity, tertian agues are not uncommon. It produces wheat, maize, and other grain in great abundance, and its breed of horned cattle is by no means inconsiderable; but its principal production is sugar, which they refine so well, that it may challenge the finest European sugars for whiteness : this is carried for sale to Cuzco and other provinces, and is held in great estimation. It also produces hemp, cloth manufactures of the country ; and in its territories mines of silver are not wanting, especially in the mountain which they call Jalcanta, although the natives avail themselves not of the advantages so liberally held out to them. Its jurisdiction comprehends 17 settlements. The repartimento, quota of tribute, amounted to 108,750 dollars, and it rendered yearly 870 for the alcabala. The following are the 17 settlements : The capital, Limatambo, Huanicapa, Mollepata, Curahuasi, Pantipata, Cachora, Pibil, Antilla, Chonta, Anta, Pocquiura, Ibin, Surite, Chachaypucquio, Huaracondo. Sumata,

Abancay, the capital of the above province, founded in a spacious valley, which gives it its title: it is also so called from a river, over which has been thrown one of the largest bridges in the kingdom, being the first that was built there, and looked upon as a monument of skill. In the above valley the jurisdiction of this province, and that of Andahuailas, becomes divided. It is also memorable for the victories gained in its vicinity by the king's troops against Gonzalo Pizarro, in the years 1542 and 1548. It has a convent of the religious order of St. Dominic ; this order being the first of those which established themselves in Peru. 20 leagues distant from the city of Cuzco. Lat. 13° 31' 30" S Long. 72° 26' W.7

Abancay, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Cuenca, in the kingdom of Quito, situate on the shore of the river Paute.

ABANES, a barbarous nation of Indians, of the Nuevo Reyno de Granada, in the plains of San Juan, to the N of the Orinoco. They inhabit the woods on the shores of this river, as well as other small woods ; and are bounded, E by the Salivas, and W by the Caberres and Andaquies. They are docile, of good dispositions, and are easily converted to the Catholic faith.

ABANGOUI, a large settlement of the province and government of Paraguay. It is composed of Indians of the Guarani nation, and situate on the shore of the river Taquani. It was discovered by Alvar Nuñez Cabezade Vaca, in 1541.

ABARANQUEN, a small river of the province and government of Guayana, or Nueva Andalusia. It rises in the country of the Quiriquipas Indians, runs from S to N and enters the Aruy.

ABARY, a small river of Guayana, between the Berbice and the Demerary. See Mahaica.

ABBEVILLE County, in Ninetysix district, S. Carolina, bounded on the N E by the Saluda, and on the SW by the Savannah, is 35 miles in length and 21 in breadth ; contains 9197 inhabitants, including 1665 slaves.

ABBOTS, a small river of N. Carolina, which runs S W and enters the Pedi, at a little distance from the source of this river, in the territory of the Granville limits.

ABECOCHI, a settlement of Indians of S. Carolina, situate on the shore of the river Cousa. The English have a settlement here, with a fort for its defence.

ABEICAS, a nation of Indians of New France, bounded on the N by the Alibamis, and E by the Cheraquis. They live at a distance from the large rivers, and the only produce of their territory is some canes, which are not thicker than a finger, but of so hard a texture, that, when split, they cut exactly like a knife. These Indians speak the Tchicachan language, and with the other nations are in alliance against the Iroquees.

Last edit over 4 years ago by Romina De León
565
Indexed

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CURAHUARI an ancient province of Peru, to the n. of Cuzco. The Inca Capac Yupanqui, fifth Emperor, conquered and united it to the empire.

CURAHUASI, a settlement of tlie province and con eginiietito of Abancay in Peru, S3 leagues distant from the city of Cuzco.

CURAI, a settlement of the province and cor~ regimiento of Caxatarabo in Peru ; annexed to the curacy of Churin.

CURAL, a settlement of the province and captainship of Rio Janeyro in Brazil ; situate on the coast, opposite the Isla Grande.

CURAMA, a river of the province and government of Guayana. It enters the Meta, and loses its name.

CURAMPA, an ancient settlement of the province of Chinchasuyu in Peru. The Prince Yahuar Huacar, eldest, son of the first Emperor, the Inca Roca, took it by force of arms, and subjected it to the crown. It was then one of the strong places of the province.

CURANARIS, a barbarous and numerous nation of Indians, divided into bodies of militia, who inhabit the woods near the river Bayari to the s. of the Maranon.

CURANTA, an islet or rocky shoal of the coast of the kingdom of Chile, close to the point of XosH umos.

CURAPO, a settlement of the missions which are held by the religious Capuchins, in the province and government of Guayana.

CURAUAUA, a river of the kingdom of Chile, in the district and jurisdiction which belonged to the city Imperial. It runs w. and forms Avith the Eyou the great lake of Puren, out of which it runs on the 5. w. side, uniting itself with the Cauten, or the Imperial.

CURASAY a large and navigable river of the province and government of Maynas in the kingdom of Quito. It rises in the paramos of 'i'acunga, and after running e. for more than 90 leagues, enters the Napo ; first collecting the waters of the Soetuno, Noesino, and Turibuno, on then, and on the s. the Villano. The woods on the s. are inhabited by some barbarous nations of Iquitos, Ayacores, and Scimugaes Indians, and the «. parts by the Yates and Zaparas.

CURARICARU, a river of the province and government of Guayana. It rises in the country of the Maraucotos Indians, runs e. and turning its course enters the Parime or Puruma.

CURASANA, a river of the province of Barcelona, and government of Cumana. It rises near tlie settlement of Cari, towards the c. runs s. and

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enters the Orinoco, near the Angostura, or narrow part.

CURASCO, a settlement of the province and corregimieyito of Cochabamba in Peru ; annexed to the coracy of Ayruhanca.

CURASENI, a small river of the province and government of San Juan de los Llanos in the Nuevo Reyno de Granada. It runs e. and enters the Orinoco between the settlements of the missions Avhich were held by the regulars of the company of Jesuits, called Santa Teresa, and San Ignacio.

CURASIRI, a small river of the province and government of Cumana. It rises in the serrania of Ymataca, runs s. and enters the Cuyuni on the n. side.

CURATAQUICHE, a settlement of the province of Barcelona and government of Cumana ; situate on the shore of the river Nevery, to the s. of the city of Barcelona.

CURAZAICILLO, a small river of the province and government of Mainas in the kingdom of Quito. It rises in the country of the Abijiras Indians, runs e. and turning afterwards to the n. enters the Napo, close to the settlement of Oravia.

CURAZILLO, or Curaza Chico, or Little, a small island of the N. sea, near the coast of Tierra Firme, and close upon the e. side of Cura^oa.

CURBA, a settlement of the province and corregimknio of Larecaxa in Peruj annexed to the curacy of Charazani.

CURBATI, a small settlement of Indians of the province and government of Maracaibo; annexed to the curacy of the city of Pedraza. Its natives, although few, are docile and well inclined.

CURE River of, in the island of Guadalupe, one of the Antilles or Windward isles. It rises in the mountains to the e. and enters the sea between the bay of La Barque and the port of Las Gpayabas.

CURECA, a river of the province and captainship of Para in Brazil. It runs nearly due n. and enters that of Las Amazonas.

[CURIACO, a bay in Tierra Firme, S. America, on the N. sea.]

CURIANCHE, an habitation or palace, built by the first Emperor of the Incas, Manco Capac, of very large stones, and covered with straAv; from Avhence the city of Cuzco has its origin. This palace was afterwards dedicated to the sun, and became converted into a temple, being the most beautiful and rich structure of any in Peru, in the time of the Indians; the inside of it being cased Avitb gold, and the outside with silver, these metals

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