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kmr3934 at Oct 19, 2018 08:42 PM

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management of the horse, and in this they are not
unrivalled by the women. The common sort are
also extremely skilful in the management of the
^azo, which they throw over the animal in its
flight, never missing their aim. This citjr has
suffered extreme misfortunes ever since the time of
its foundatiqn ; for shortly after this took place,
its inhabitants found themselves under the neces
sity of retiring frona it to Santiago, through the
invasion of the Araucanos and Tucapeles Indians,
who made themselves masters of it, and sacked
and burnt it in 1554, under the command of the
Cazique Lautaro : again, though the Spaniards
endeavoured to repeople it, they were a second
time driven back, as also a third time, in 1603,
when the Governor Don Garcia Hurtardo de Men
doza, Marquis of Canete, had come to suppress
the general insurrection of the Indians. It was
after this rebuilt, and in 1730 again destroyed by a
dreadful earthquake, being entirely inundated by
the sea. It suffered also much from a similar
shock in 1751. In the chief square, or market
place, is a beautiful fountain, made by the com
mand of Don Diego Gonzalo Montero. The tri
bunal of royal audience was fixed in this city from
the time that it was founded, in 1567, and re
mained here until the year 1574, when it was
translated to the capital of the kingdom, Santiago.
It has been the head of a bishopric ever since 1620,
when this honour was transferred to the city of
Imperial. It is the residence of a governor, de
pendent on the captain-general and president it
being his duty to reside six months of the year in
Santiago, and the other six in this city. [Besides
the commerce of hides, tallow, and dried beef, the
inhabitants of Concepcion carry on a trade in
wheat, which Frazier asserts yields 100 for one.
Also near this city, as well as in various other
parts of Chile, pit-coal is found in great abund
ance; and, according to the above author, mines
of it have been discovered at the depth of one or
two feet from the surface. See Chile.] Sixty
leagues to the s. of Santiago, in lat. 36° 48' 15"
$. and long. 73° 8'.

Bishops who have presided in Concepcion of
Chile.

1. Don Frat/ Antonio de San Miguel, a monk
of the order of St. Francis, native of Salamanca;
elected to be first bishop in 1564, and promoted
to Quito in 1587.

2. Don Agustin de Cisneros, dean of the church
of Santiago of Chile ; elected bishop of this, and
©f Concepcion, in 1587 ; he died in 1534.

3. Don Fray Pedro de Azuaga, and not Diego de

Zuaga, as Gil Gonzalez Davila will have it, a
monk of the order of St. Francis; elected in
1595 ; he died before he was consecrated.

4. Don Fra^ Reginaldo de Lizarraga, native of
Lima; elected in 1796 ; he died in 1613.

5. Don Carlos Marcelo Corni, native of Trux
illo in Peru, magistral canon of Lima ; promoted
to the bishopric of his country in 1620.

6. Don Fra^ Luis Geronimo de Ore, of the
order of St. Francis, native of Guamanga, a ce
lebrated writer in the different Indian languages,
for which he had a peculiar talent ; elected in
1622 ; he died in 1628.

7. Don Fray Alonso de Castro, of 4he order of
St. Augustin ; he did not accept the bishopric. .

8. Don Diego de Zambranaand Villalbos ; pro
moted to Santiago of Chile.

9. Don Fray Dionisio Cimbron, of the order
of St. Bernard, native of Cintruenigo in Navarra ;
he was prior in the monasteries of Espina, Jun
quera, and Ossera, secretary of the difinidor gene
ral, and presented to the bishopric of Concepcion
in 1651.

10. Don Fray Diego Medellin, of the order of
St. Francis, native of Lima.

11. Don Fray Antonio de Morales, native of
Lima, of the order of preachers, provincial in
his religion.

12. Don Fray Francisco de Vergara Loyola de
Iza, of the order of St. Augustin, provincial of
his religion, and native of Lima.

13. Don Fray Andres de Betancur, of the order
of St. Francis, provincial in the province of Santa
Fe ; elected in 1664.

14. Don Fray Luis de Lemos y Usategui, of
the order of St. Augustin, preacher to King
Charles II. native of Lima.

15. Don Diego Montero del Aguila; promoted
to the bishopric of Truxillo in 1716.

16. Don Francisco Antonio de Escandon; pro
moted to the bishopric of Quito in 1730.

17. Don Salvador Bermudez, school-master in
the church of Quito; he did not accept the ap
pointment, and in his place was nominated by the
king,

18. Don Andres de Paredes Polanco y Ar
mendariz, who was afterwards promoted to Quito
in 1734.

19. Don Pedro Azua Iturgoyen, native of Lima ;
promoted, in 1744, to be archbishop ofSanta Fe.

20. Don Joseph de Toro Zambrano, native of
pSantiago of Chile, doctoral canon of its church;
elected, in 1744, bishop of Concepcion ; he go
verned until his death in 1760.


Translation

manejo de los caballos, en que les igualan las mugeres, y la gente común en manejar el lazo que hedían a qualquier animal corriendo, sin errarle jamas el tiro, ni dexar de enlazarla por donde quieren. Ha padecido esta Ciudad muchos infortunios desde su fundación, pues a poco tiempo de esta se vio precisado su vecindario a abandonarla, retirándose a Santiago, por la invasión de los Indios Araucanos y Tucapeles, que se apoderaron de ella, la saquearon y quemaron el año de 1 5 5 4, gobernados por el Cacique Lautaro; y aunque volvieron a poblarla, a poco tiempo sucedió lo mismo, y tercera vez el año de 1603, quando volvió el Gobernador Don García Hurtado de Mendoza, Marques de Cañete, en la sublevación general de los Indios, y poco después volvieron a reedificarla; el año de 1 730 se volvió a arruinar quarta vez con un grande terremoto que experimentó, inundándola el mar que salió al mismo tiempo; y no padeció menos en otro el de 1 7 5 1: en la Plaza mayor tiene una hermosa fuente que mandó hacer D. Diego Gonzalo Montero: estuvo en esta Ciudad el Tribunal de Real Audiencia desde el año de 1567 que se fundó, hasta el de 1574 que se trasladó a la Capital del Reyno Santiago: es cabeza de Obispado desde 1620 que se transfirió de la Ciudad Imperial: reside en ella un Gobernador, dependiente del Capitán General y Presidente, que debe estar 6 meses del año en Santiago y los otros 6 en ésta, que dista de la otra 70 leguas al S, en 36 grad. 43 min. 1 5 seg. de lar. aust. y 304 grad. 27 min. de long.
OBISPOS QUE HA HABIDO en la Concepción de Chile.
1 Don Fray Antonio de San Miguel, Religiosa del Orden de San Francisco, natural de Salamanca, electo por primer Obispo el año de 1564, fue proamovido a Quito el de 1587. -
2 Don Agustin de Gsneros, Dean de la Iglesia de Santiago de Chile, electo Obispo de esta de la Concepción en 1587, murió en 1594
3 Don Fray Pedro de Azuaga, y no Diego de Zuaga, como dice Gil González Dávila, Religioso del Orden de San Francisco, electo el año de 1595, murió antes de consagrarse.
4 Don Fray Reginaldo de Lizarraga, natural de Lima, electo el año de 1596, murió el de 16 13.
5 Don Carlos Marcelo Corni, natural de Truxillo en el Perú, Canónigo Magistral de Lima, promovido al Obispado de su patria en 1620.
6 Don Fray Luis Gerónimo de Oré, del Orden de San Francisco, natural de Guamanga, célebre escritor en diferentes idiomas de los Indios de que tuvo particular don, electo el año de 1620, murió el de 1628.
7 Don Fray Alonso de Castro, del Orden de San Agustin, no aceptó el Obispado.
8 Don Diego de Zambrana y Villalobos, promovido a Santiago de Chile. t r>
9 Don Fray Dionisio Cimbrón, del Orden de San Bernardo, natural de Cintruenigo en Navarra; fue Prior en los Monasterios de Espina, Junquera y Ossera, Secretario del General, Dinnidor y Comisario general, presentado para Obispo de la Concepción el año de 165 1. _
10 Don Fray Diego Medellin, del Orden de San Francisco, natural de Lima.
11 Don Fray Antonio de Morales, natural de Lima, del Orden de Predicadores, Provincial en su Religion.
12 Don Fray Francisco de Vergara Loyola de Iza, del Orden de San Agustín, Provincial de su Religión, natural de Lima.
13 Don Fray Andrés de Betancúr, del Orden de San Francisco, Provincial en la Provincia de Santa Fe, electo en 1664.
14 Don Fray Luis de Lemos y Usategui, del Orden de San Agustín, Predicador del Rey Don Carlos II, natural de Lima.;
15 Don Diego Montero del Aguila, promovido al Obispado de Truxillo el año de 17 16.
1 o Don Francisco Antonio de Escandon, promovido al Obispado de Quito en 1730.
17 Don Salvador Bermudez, Maestre-Escuela de la Iglesia de Quito; no admitió, y en su lugar nombró el Rey para la presentación a
1.8 Don Andrés de Paredes Polanco y Armendáriz, que luego pasó promovido a Quito el año de 1734-
19 Don Pedro Azua Iturgoyen, natural de Lima, promovido el año de 1744 a Arzobispo de Santa Fe.
20 Don Joseph de Toro Zambrano, natural de Santiago de Chile, Canónigo Doctoral de su Iglesia, electo el año de 1744, Obispo de la Concepción, gobernó hasta su muerte el año de 1760.

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CON

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management of the horse, and in this they are not
unrivalled by the women. The common sort are
also extremely skilful in the management of the
^azo, which they throw over the animal in its
flight, never missing their aim. This citjr has
suffered extreme misfortunes ever since the time of
its foundatiqn ; for shortly after this took place,
its inhabitants found themselves under the neces
sity of retiring frona it to Santiago, through the
invasion of the Araucanos and Tucapeles Indians,
who made themselves masters of it, and sacked
and burnt it in 1554, under the command of the
Cazique Lautaro : again, though the Spaniards
endeavoured to repeople it, they were a second
time driven back, as also a third time, in 1603,
when the Governor Don Garcia Hurtardo de Men
doza, Marquis of Canete, had come to suppress
the general insurrection of the Indians. It was
after this rebuilt, and in 1730 again destroyed by a
dreadful earthquake, being entirely inundated by
the sea. It suffered also much from a similar
shock in 1751. In the chief square, or market
place, is a beautiful fountain, made by the com
mand of Don Diego Gonzalo Montero. The tri
bunal of royal audience was fixed in this city from
the time that it was founded, in 1567, and re
mained here until the year 1574, when it was
translated to the capital of the kingdom, Santiago.
It has been the head of a bishopric ever since 1620,
when this honour was transferred to the city of
Imperial. It is the residence of a governor, de
pendent on the captain-general and president it
being his duty to reside six months of the year in
Santiago, and the other six in this city. [Besides
the commerce of hides, tallow, and dried beef, the
inhabitants of Concepcion carry on a trade in
wheat, which Frazier asserts yields 100 for one.
Also near this city, as well as in various other
parts of Chile, pit-coal is found in great abund
ance; and, according to the above author, mines
of it have been discovered at the depth of one or
two feet from the surface. See Chile.] Sixty
leagues to the s. of Santiago, in lat. 36° 48' 15"
$. and long. 73° 8'.

Bishops who have presided in Concepcion of
Chile.

1. Don Frat/ Antonio de San Miguel, a monk
of the order of St. Francis, native of Salamanca;
elected to be first bishop in 1564, and promoted
to Quito in 1587.

2. Don Agustin de Cisneros, dean of the church
of Santiago of Chile ; elected bishop of this, and
©f Concepcion, in 1587 ; he died in 1534.

3. Don Fray Pedro de Azuaga, and not Diego de

Zuaga, as Gil Gonzalez Davila will have it, a
monk of the order of St. Francis; elected in
1595 ; he died before he was consecrated.

4. Don Fra^ Reginaldo de Lizarraga, native of
Lima; elected in 1796 ; he died in 1613.

5. Don Carlos Marcelo Corni, native of Trux
illo in Peru, magistral canon of Lima ; promoted
to the bishopric of his country in 1620.

6. Don Fra^ Luis Geronimo de Ore, of the
order of St. Francis, native of Guamanga, a ce
lebrated writer in the different Indian languages,
for which he had a peculiar talent ; elected in
1622 ; he died in 1628.

7. Don Fray Alonso de Castro, of 4he order of
St. Augustin ; he did not accept the bishopric. .

8. Don Diego de Zambranaand Villalbos ; pro
moted to Santiago of Chile.

9. Don Fray Dionisio Cimbron, of the order
of St. Bernard, native of Cintruenigo in Navarra ;
he was prior in the monasteries of Espina, Jun
quera, and Ossera, secretary of the difinidor gene
ral, and presented to the bishopric of Concepcion
in 1651.

10. Don Fray Diego Medellin, of the order of
St. Francis, native of Lima.

11. Don Fray Antonio de Morales, native of
Lima, of the order of preachers, provincial in
his religion.

12. Don Fray Francisco de Vergara Loyola de
Iza, of the order of St. Augustin, provincial of
his religion, and native of Lima.

13. Don Fray Andres de Betancur, of the order
of St. Francis, provincial in the province of Santa
Fe ; elected in 1664.

14. Don Fray Luis de Lemos y Usategui, of
the order of St. Augustin, preacher to King
Charles II. native of Lima.

15. Don Diego Montero del Aguila; promoted
to the bishopric of Truxillo in 1716.

16. Don Francisco Antonio de Escandon; pro
moted to the bishopric of Quito in 1730.

17. Don Salvador Bermudez, school-master in
the church of Quito; he did not accept the ap
pointment, and in his place was nominated by the
king,

18. Don Andres de Paredes Polanco y Ar
mendariz, who was afterwards promoted to Quito
in 1734.

19. Don Pedro Azua Iturgoyen, native of Lima ;
promoted, in 1744, to be archbishop ofSanta Fe.

20. Don Joseph de Toro Zambrano, native of
pSantiago of Chile, doctoral canon of its church;
elected, in 1744, bishop of Concepcion ; he go
verned until his death in 1760.


Translation