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kmr3934 at Oct 19, 2018 06:30 PM

350

350

C E R

ters the sea between the river Rosa and the settle
ment and parisli of Cul de Sac.

CERICUNCUA, a bay of the coast of Brazil,
in the province and captainship of Seara, between
the port of Tortuga and the settlement of Nuestra
Seilora del Rosario.

CERINZA, a settlement of the corregimiento of
Tunja in tlie Nuevo Reyno de Granada, is of a
cold temperature, and abounds in cattle and the
productions peculiar to the climate. It contains
300 families, and lies in a valley, from which it
takes its name.

CERMEN, a settlement of the province and
government of Venezuela ; situate on the side of
the town of San Felipe, towards the e. between
this town and the settlement of Agua Culebras, on
the shore of the river Iraqui.

CERRALUO, a town and presidency of the
Nuevo Reyno de Leon, garrisoned by a squadron
of 12 soldiers and a captain, who is governor of
this district, for the'purpose of restraining the bor
dering infidel Indians. Between the e. and n. is
the large river of this name ; and from this begins a
tract of extensive country, inhabited by barba
rous nations, who impede the communication and
commerce Avith regard to this part and the pro
vinces of Tejas and Nuevas Felipinas. Is 35
leagues to the e. of its capital.

Cerraluo, a bay of the coast and gulf of Ca
lifornia
, or Mar Roxo de Cortes, opposite an island
which is also thus called ; the one and theother hav
ing been named out of compliment to the Marquis of
Cerraluo, viceroy of Nueva Espana. TJie afore
said island is large, and lies between the former
bay and the coast of Nueva Espana.

CERRITO, a settlement of the island and go
vernment of Trinidad, near the n. coast, and to the
e. of the capital of San Joseph de Oruna.

Cerrito Verde, an open and insecure port in
the bay of La Concepcion, of the kingdom of
Chile, and Pacific sea.

Cerrito, another, with the surname of Santa
Ana. See Ctuayaquie.

CERRITOS, a small settlement of the jurisdic
tion of Orizava, and alcaldia mayor of Ixmiquil
pan, in Nueva España.

Cerritos, another settlement in the province
and goverment of Popayán.

CERRO, a settlement of the province and cor
regimiento of Angaraes in Peru.

Cerro, another, in the province and corregi
miento of Porco in the same kingdom.

Cerro, another, with the surname of Negro,
in the province and corregimiento of Rede, and king
dom of Chile ; situate at the source of the river Itan.

==Cerro, another, called San Miguel de Cerro
Gordo
==, which is a garrison of the province of Te
peguana
in the kingdom of Nueva Vizcaya. Its
situation is similar to the road which leads to it,
namely, a plain level surface ; although, indeed,
it is divided by a declivity, in ivhich there is a
pool of water, and by Avhich passengers usually
pass. This garrison is the residence of a captain,
a Serjeant , and 28 soldiers, who are appointed to
suppress the sallies of the infidel Indians. In its
vicinity is a cultivated estate, having a beautiful
orchard, abounding in fruit-trees and in zepas,
which also produce fruit of a delicious flavour.
The garrison lies 50 leagues n. w. of the capital
Guadiana.

Cerros, San Felipe de los, a settlement of
the head settlement of Uruapa, and alcaldia mayor
of Valladolid, in the province and bishopric of
Mcchoacan. It contains 26 families of Indians,
and lies eight leagues to the e. of its head settle
ment, and 10 from the capital.

Cerros, another, in the province and corregr
miento of Castro-Vireyna in Peru.

CESARA, a large and copious river of the
Nuevo Reyno de Granada, which was called by
the Indians Pompatao, meaning in their idiom,
“ the lord of all rivers,” is formed of several
small rivers, which flow down from the snowy
sierras of Santa Marta. It runs s. leaving the ex
tensive llamtras of Upar until it reaches the lake
Zapatosa, from whence itj issues, divided into four
arms, which afterwards unite, and so, following a
course of 70 leagues to the w, enters the Magda
lena on the <?. side, and to the s. of the little settle
ment called Banco.

CESARES, a barbarous nation of Indians of
the kingdom of Chile towards the s. Of them
are told many fabulous accounts, although they
are, in fact, but little known. Some believe them
to be formed of Spaniards and Indians, being those
Avho Avere lost in the straits of Magellan, and be
longed to the armada which, at the beginning of
the conquest of America, Avas sent by the bishop of
Placencia to discover the Malucas. Others pre
tend that the Arucanos, after they had destroyed
the city of Osonio, in 1599, took aAvay with them
the Spanish Avomen ; and that it Avas from the pro
duction of these Avomen and the Indiatis that this
nation of the Cesares arose. Certain it is, that they
are of an agreeable colour, of a pleasing aspect,
and of good dispositions. They have some light
of Christianity, live without any fixed abode ; and
some have affirmed that they have heard the sound
of bells in their territorj". It Avas attempted in
1638, by the governor of Tucuman, Don Geronimo


Translation

sale al mar entre el de la Rosa y el Pueblo y Parroquia del Cul de Sac.

CERINZA, Pueblo del Corregimiento de Tunja en el nuevo Reyno de Granada: de temperamento frío, abundante de ganados y frutos de este clima: tiene 300 vecinos, y está en el valle que le da el nombre.

CERICUNCUA, Ensenada de la Costa del Brasil, en la Provincia y Capitanía de Seara, entre el Puerto de la Tortuga y el Pueblo de nuestra Señora éel Rosario,

CERMEN, Pueblo de la Provincia y Gobierno de Venezuela, situado al lado de la Villa de San Felipe al E, entre esta y el Pueblo de Agna Culebras, a orilla del río Iaraqui.

CERRALUO, Villa y Presidio del nuevo Reyno de León, en que asiste una Esquadra de 12 Soldados y un Capitán que es Gobernador de este distrito, para contener los Indios infieles fronterizos: entre Oriente y N tiene el río grande de este nombre, y desde él empieza el tránsito de un dilatado pais, habitado de naciones bárbaras, que impiden la comunicación y el comercio por esta parte con las Provincias de Tejas y Nuevas Filipinas: está 35 leguas al Oriente de su Capital.

Tiene el mismo nombre una Ensenada de la Costa y Golfo de California o mar Roxo de Cortés, enfrente de una Isla también llamada así, una y otra en obsequio del Marques de Cerralvo, Virey de Nueva España.
La Isla referida es grande, y está entre la Ensenada antecedente y la Costa de Nueva España.

CERRITO, Pueblo de la Isla y Gobierno de la Trinidad, cerca de la Costa del N, y al E de la Capital San Joseph de Oruña. Tiene el mismo nombre con el aditamento de Verde un Puerto descubierto y poco seguro en la BaIiía de la Concepción del Reyno de Chile y mar Pacífico: está en 36 gr. 41 min. de lat. aust.
Otro con el sobrenombre de Santa Ana. Véase Guayaquil.

CERRITOS, Pueblo pequeño de la jurisdicción de Orizava y Alcaldía mayor de Ixmiquilpan en Nueva España.
Otro hay con el mismo nombre en la Provincia y Gobierno de Popayan.

CERRO, Pueblo de la Provincia y Corregimiento de Angaraes en el Perú.
Otro hay en la Provincia y Corregimiento de Porco en el mismo Reyno.
Otro con el sobrenombre de Negro en la Provincia y Corregimiento de Rere y Reyno de Chile, situado en la Cabecera del río Itán.
Otro llamado San Miguel de Cerro gordo, que es Presidio de la Provincia de Tepeguana, en el Reyno de la Nueva Vizcaya: su situación es un terreno llano como el camino que va a él, aunque intermedia una cuesta en que hay un estanque de agua, donde ordinariamente hacen tránsito los pasageros: reside en este Presidio un Capitán y un Sargento con 28 Soldados, para contener las invasiones de los Indios infieles: en su inmediación hay una hacienda de labor con hermosa huerta, abundante de. árboles frutales y zepas que da muchísimo fruto de varias especies: dista el Presidio 50 leguas al NO de la Capital Guadiana.

CERROS, San Felipe de los, Pueblo de la Cabecera de Uruapa y Alcaldía mayor de Valladolid en la Provincia y Obispado de Mechoacan: tiene 26 familias de Indios, y está 8 leguas de su Cabecera al Oriente, y 10 de la Capital.

Otro Pueblo hay del mismo nombre en la Provincia y Corregimiento de Castro-Vireyna en el Perú,

CESARE, Río] grande y caudaloso del nuevo Reyno de Granada, a quien llamaron los Indios Pompatao, que en su idioma quiere decir Señor de todos los rios; se forma de muchos pequeños que baxan de las sierras nevadas de Santa Marta: corre al mediodía, bañando las espaciosas llanuras de Upar, hasta llegar a la laguna Zapatosa, de donde sale dividido en quatro brazos que luego se unen, y corriendo 70 leguas a Poniente, entra en el de la Magdalena por su parte Oriental al mediodia del pequeño Pueblo llamado Banco, en 8 grad. 47 min. de lat. bor.

CESARES, Nación bárbara de Indios del Reyno de Chile al Sur, de ella se cuentan muchas fábulas porque está poco conocida: algunos creen que es formada de Españoles é Indios, siendo aquellos de los que se perdieron en el estrecho do Magallanes, de la Armada que al principio dela conquista de la América enviaba el Obispo de Píasencia al descubrimiento de las Malucas: otros pretenden que los Araucanos, después que destruyeron la Ciudad de Osorno él año de 1599, se llevaron las mugeres Españolas, de cuyos matrimonios con ellos se produxo esta nación de los Césares, que son de buen color, agradable aspecto y generosos; tienen alguna luz del chrisfianísñío, viven sin domicilio fíxo; dicen algunos que en sus poblaciones se oyen campanas el año de 1638 intentó su descubrimiento el Gobernador del Tucumán Don Gerónimo

350

350

C E R

ters the sea between the river Rosa and the settle
ment and parisli of Cul de Sac.

CERICUNCUA, a bay of the coast of Brazil,
in the province and captainship of Seara, between
the port of Tortuga and the settlement of Nuestra
Seilora del Rosario.

CERINZA, a settlement of the corregimiento of
Tunja in tlie Nuevo Reyno de Granada, is of a
cold temperature, and abounds in cattle and the
productions peculiar to the climate. It contains
300 families, and lies in a valley, from which it
takes its name.

CERMEN, a settlement of the province and
government of Venezuela ; situate on the side of
the town of San Felipe, towards the e. between
this town and the settlement of Agua Culebras, on
the shore of the river Iraqui.

CERRALUO, a town and presidency of the
Nuevo Reyno de Leon, garrisoned by a squadron
of 12 soldiers and a captain, who is governor of
this district, for the'purpose of restraining the bor
dering infidel Indians. Between the e. and n. is
the large river of this name ; and from this begins a
tract of extensive country, inhabited by barba
rous nations, who impede the communication and
commerce Avith regard to this part and the pro
vinces of Tejas and Nuevas Felipinas. Is 35
leagues to the e. of its capital.

Cerraluo, a bay of the coast and gulf of Ca
lifornia
, or Mar Roxo de Cortes, opposite an island
which is also thus called ; the one and theother hav
ing been named out of compliment to the Marquis of
Cerraluo, viceroy of Nueva Espana. TJie afore
said island is large, and lies between the former
bay and the coast of Nueva Espana.

CERRITO, a settlement of the island and go
vernment of Trinidad, near the n. coast, and to the
e. of the capital of San Joseph de Oruna.

Cerrito Verde, an open and insecure port in
the bay of La Concepcion, of the kingdom of
Chile, and Pacific sea.

Cerrito, another, with the surname of Santa
Ana. See Ctuayaquie.

CERRITOS, a small settlement of the jurisdic
tion of Orizava, and alcaldia mayor of Ixmiquil
pan, in Nueva España.

Cerritos, another settlement in the province
and goverment of Popayán.

CERRO, a settlement of the province and cor
regimiento of Angaraes in Peru.

Cerro, another, in the province and corregi
miento of Porco in the same kingdom.

Cerro, another, with the surname of Negro,
in the province and corregimiento of Rede, and king
dom of Chile ; situate at the source of the river Itan.

==Cerro, another, called San Miguel de Cerro
Gordo
==, which is a garrison of the province of Te
peguana
in the kingdom of Nueva Vizcaya. Its
situation is similar to the road which leads to it,
namely, a plain level surface ; although, indeed,
it is divided by a declivity, in ivhich there is a
pool of water, and by Avhich passengers usually
pass. This garrison is the residence of a captain,
a Serjeant , and 28 soldiers, who are appointed to
suppress the sallies of the infidel Indians. In its
vicinity is a cultivated estate, having a beautiful
orchard, abounding in fruit-trees and in zepas,
which also produce fruit of a delicious flavour.
The garrison lies 50 leagues n. w. of the capital
Guadiana.

Cerros, San Felipe de los, a settlement of
the head settlement of Uruapa, and alcaldia mayor
of Valladolid, in the province and bishopric of
Mcchoacan. It contains 26 families of Indians,
and lies eight leagues to the e. of its head settle
ment, and 10 from the capital.

Cerros, another, in the province and corregr
miento of Castro-Vireyna in Peru.

CESARA, a large and copious river of the
Nuevo Reyno de Granada, which was called by
the Indians Pompatao, meaning in their idiom,
“ the lord of all rivers,” is formed of several
small rivers, which flow down from the snowy
sierras of Santa Marta. It runs s. leaving the ex
tensive llamtras of Upar until it reaches the lake
Zapatosa, from whence itj issues, divided into four
arms, which afterwards unite, and so, following a
course of 70 leagues to the w, enters the Magda
lena on the <?. side, and to the s. of the little settle
ment called Banco.

CESARES, a barbarous nation of Indians of
the kingdom of Chile towards the s. Of them
are told many fabulous accounts, although they
are, in fact, but little known. Some believe them
to be formed of Spaniards and Indians, being those
Avho Avere lost in the straits of Magellan, and be
longed to the armada which, at the beginning of
the conquest of America, Avas sent by the bishop of
Placencia to discover the Malucas. Others pre
tend that the Arucanos, after they had destroyed
the city of Osonio, in 1599, took aAvay with them
the Spanish Avomen ; and that it Avas from the pro
duction of these Avomen and the Indiatis that this
nation of the Cesares arose. Certain it is, that they
are of an agreeable colour, of a pleasing aspect,
and of good dispositions. They have some light
of Christianity, live without any fixed abode ; and
some have affirmed that they have heard the sound
of bells in their territorj". It Avas attempted in
1638, by the governor of Tucuman, Don Geronimo


Translation