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found in the environs of Cumana what the Spa
niards call til spa, a species of the Jesuits’ bark ;
the calaguala, a plant, the root of which is
dissolvent, aperitive, and sudorific ; the pissi
phii, a species of emetic ; the caranapire, a species
of sage ; and the tualua, a more powerful purga
tive than jalap. There arc also a great number of
spices, which are suffered to rot on the spot where '
first they grew. In lat. 10° 27'. Long. 64° IS'.]
The settlements of the province of Cumana are,

San Baltasar de los Cum pa,

Arias, Rio Caribes,

San Felipe de Austria, A raja.

Those of the missions,

Cocuisas, San Francisco,

San Feliz, Santa Maria de los An-

San Lorenzo, geles,

Chacaracuan, San Antonio.

Of the doctrines {dodrinas),















Cumana, a river of the above province (Cumaná) and
government, which rises in the spot called Co
coyan, in the serrama. It runs n. following this
course continually through the sierra until it
flows down to the plain near the city, from whence
it enters the gulf, first having divided itself into
four arms. In the winter time it generally over
flows ; but as the distance from the sierra to its
mouth, or where it enters the sea, is so short, it
quickly subsides within its proper bed, when it
leaves water enough for the navigation of a barge ;
and there w ould be sufficient for large vessels, were
it not for the bar which is at its mouth and im
pedes its entrance. In the summer time, how
ever, it becomes so dry, tliat it is scarcely navi
gable for canoes.

CUMANACOA, a city lying s. e. of Cumana
14 leagues ; in the middle of the valley of the same
name. The population amounts to 4200 people ;
the air is wholesome, the w aters have a diureticqua
lity not commonly to be met with. This city wants
nothing but hands to avail itself of the produc
tions which the richness of the land would yield,
if it were cultivated. The fruits have here an un
eommonly fine savour, taste, and substance. The
government gives this city the name of San Bal
tasar de los Arias, but that of Cumanacoa has so
much prevailed, that it is the only one by which
it is now known. See Cumana.


CUMANAGOTA, a city of the former pro
vince and government ((Cumaná), in the kingdom of Tierra
, called also San Baltasar de los Arias. It
has a good, convenient, and secure port ; is
situate on the skirts of the most elevated part of
the serrama, in a fertile valley, which abounds in
streams, which irrigate 26 estates of yucales, some
small plantations of cacao, and some cattle. The
productions of all these estates are consumed in the
country ; since, through the unevenness of the
roads, it is impossible to carry^them out of it, with
the exception, however, of tobacco, with which
Cumana is supplied. The soil is the most fertile
of any in the province, especially to the n. of the
sietTa, where there might be established some very
good cacao estates ; but this is not to be accom
plished, considering the scarcity of its inhabitants,
and their great poverty. This city, just after the con
quest of these countries, was noted for its famous
pearl-fisheries, which were afterwards abandoned.
Its vicinity was inhabited by many gentile Indians,
who were at continual enmity with the Spaniards
and the other inhabitants ; but these troublesome
people were reduced to obedience by Don Juan de
Urpin, who had held consultations for that pur
pose with the council of the Indies. The popu
lation amounts to 800 souls, including the Negro
slaves and the people of colour.

CUMAPI, a large lake of the country of Las
. It is a waste water of the large river
Caqueta, in the territory of the Guayonas In

CUMARA, a river of the province and coun
try of Las Amazonas, in the territory possessed by
the Portuguese, is an arm of the Cuchivara or
Purus, which enters the Maranon before the other
streams which are tributary to this river.

CUMAREBO, a settlement of the province
and government of Venezuela ; situate on the sea
coast, and at the point of its name, with a good,
though small port, and one that is much frequented
by vessels.

CUMARU, Los Santos Angeles de, a settle
ment of the province and country of Las Amazonas,
in the part possessed by the Portuguese; situate
on the shore of a large river.

CUMATEN, a small river of the province and
colony of Surinam, or part of Guayana possessed
by the Dutch. It rises in the mountain of Areyuc
tuquen, and runs, collecting the waters of many
others, to enter the Cuyuni on the s. side.

CUMATl, a small river of the province and
government of Paraguay. It runs s. and enters
the large river of the Portuguese.

CUMAYARIS, a barbarous nation of Indians,

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