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JoshuaOB at Oct 18, 2018 01:35 PM

558

55S

CUM

CUM

found in the environs of Cumana what the Spa
niards call til spa, a species of the Jesuits’ bark ;
the calaguala, a plant, the root of which is
dissolvent, aperitive, and sudorific ; the pissi
phii, a species of emetic ; the caranapire, a species
of sage ; and the tualua, a more powerful purga
tive than jalap. There arc also a great number of
spices, which are suffered to rot on the spot where '
first they grew. In lat. 10° 27'. Long. 64° IS'.]
The settlements of the province of Cumana are,

San Baltasar de los Cum pa,

Arias, Rio Caribes,

San Felipe de Austria, A raja.

Those of the missions,

Cocuisas, San Francisco,

San Feliz, Santa Maria de los An-

San Lorenzo, geles,

Chacaracuan, San Antonio.

Of the doctrines {dodrinas),

Cacuar,

Unare,

Punccres,

Guanaguana,

Soro,

Caicara,

Irapa,

Yaguara,

Caripe,

Teresen,

Guayuta,

Tipirin,

Amacuro,

Paro.

Cumana, a river of the above province (Cumaná) and
government, which rises in the spot called Co
coyan, in the serrama. It runs n. following this
course continually through the sierra until it
flows down to the plain near the city, from whence
it enters the gulf, first having divided itself into
four arms. In the winter time it generally over
flows ; but as the distance from the sierra to its
mouth, or where it enters the sea, is so short, it
quickly subsides within its proper bed, when it
leaves water enough for the navigation of a barge ;
and there w ould be sufficient for large vessels, were
it not for the bar which is at its mouth and im
pedes its entrance. In the summer time, how
ever, it becomes so dry, tliat it is scarcely navi
gable for canoes.

CUMANACOA, a city lying s. e. of Cumana
14 leagues ; in the middle of the valley of the same
name. The population amounts to 4200 people ;
the air is wholesome, the w aters have a diureticqua
lity not commonly to be met with. This city wants
nothing but hands to avail itself of the produc
tions which the richness of the land would yield,
if it were cultivated. The fruits have here an un
eommonly fine savour, taste, and substance. The
government gives this city the name of San Bal
tasar de los Arias, but that of Cumanacoa has so
much prevailed, that it is the only one by which
it is now known. See Cumana.

2

CUMANAGOTA, a city of the former pro
vince and government ((Cumaná), in the kingdom of Tierra
Firme
, called also San Baltasar de los Arias. It
has a good, convenient, and secure port ; is
situate on the skirts of the most elevated part of
the serrama, in a fertile valley, which abounds in
streams, which irrigate 26 estates of yucales, some
small plantations of cacao, and some cattle. The
productions of all these estates are consumed in the
country ; since, through the unevenness of the
roads, it is impossible to carry^them out of it, with
the exception, however, of tobacco, with which
Cumana is supplied. The soil is the most fertile
of any in the province, especially to the n. of the
sietTa, where there might be established some very
good cacao estates ; but this is not to be accom
plished, considering the scarcity of its inhabitants,
and their great poverty. This city, just after the con
quest of these countries, was noted for its famous
pearl-fisheries, which were afterwards abandoned.
Its vicinity was inhabited by many gentile Indians,
who were at continual enmity with the Spaniards
and the other inhabitants ; but these troublesome
people were reduced to obedience by Don Juan de
Urpin, who had held consultations for that pur
pose with the council of the Indies. The popu
lation amounts to 800 souls, including the Negro
slaves and the people of colour.

CUMAPI, a large lake of the country of Las
Amazonas
. It is a waste water of the large river
Caqueta, in the territory of the Guayonas In
dians.

CUMARA, a river of the province and coun
try of Las Amazonas, in the territory possessed by
the Portuguese, is an arm of the Cuchivara or
Purus, which enters the Maranon before the other
streams which are tributary to this river.

CUMAREBO, a settlement of the province
and government of Venezuela ; situate on the sea
coast, and at the point of its name, with a good,
though small port, and one that is much frequented
by vessels.

CUMARU, Los Santos Angeles de, a settle
ment of the province and country of Las Amazonas,
in the part possessed by the Portuguese; situate
on the shore of a large river.

CUMATEN, a small river of the province and
colony of Surinam, or part of Guayana possessed
by the Dutch. It rises in the mountain of Areyuc
tuquen, and runs, collecting the waters of many
others, to enter the Cuyuni on the s. side.

CUMATl, a small river of the province and
government of Paraguay. It runs s. and enters
the large river of the Portuguese.

CUMAYARIS, a barbarous nation of Indians,


Translation

CUMANAGOTO, Ciudad de la Provincia y Gobierno antecedente, en el Reyno de Tierra-Firme, llamada también San Baltasar de los Arias: tiene un buen Puerto cómodo y seguro; está situada en las faldas de lo mas elevado de la Serranía, en un valle fértil y abundante de aguas con que benefician 26 haciendas de yucales, unos cortos plantíos de cacao y algún ganado, cuyos frutos se consumen en el Pais, porque la fragosidad de los caminos no permite transportarlos fuera, a excepción del tabaco de que se provee Cumaná: el terreno es el mas fértil de toda la Provincia, especialmente al Norte de la sierra, donde pudiera haber muy buenas haciendas de cacao; pero la falta de gente y la suma pobreza de sus vecinos no lo permite; tuvo esta Ciudad al principio de las conquistas gran comercio de la pesquería de perlas que tenia, y luego abandonaron: en su inmediación habitaban muchos Indios gentiles, que hacían continua guerra a los Españoles y al vecindario, para cuya reducción capituló con el Rey a consulta del Consejo de Indias el Gobernador Don Juan de Urpin el modo de reducirlos y pacificarlos, como lo consiguió: el vecindario se compone hoy de 8d00 almas, inclusos los Negros esclavos y demás gente de color.

CUMAPI, Laguna grande del País de las Amazonas: es un desague del caudaloso río Caquetá en el territorio de los Indios Guayoanas.

CUMARA, río de la Provincia y Pais de las Amazonas en el territorio que poseen los Portugueses: es un brazo del Cuchivara o Purus, que entra en el Marañen antes que el resto de sus aguas.

CUMAREBO, Pueblo de la Provincia y Gobierno de Venezuela, situado en la Costa del mar y punta de su nombre, con un buen Puerto, aunque pequeño, muy frecuentado de embarcaciones.

CUMARU, Los Santos Angeles de, Pueblo de la Provincia y Pais de las Amazonas en la parte que poseen los Portugueses, situado a orilla de un río caudaloso.

CUMATEN, Río] pequeño de la Provincia y Colonia de Surinam o parte de la Guayana que poseen los Holandeses: nace en el monte de Areyuctuquen y corre, recogiendo las aguas de otros muchos, a entrar en el de Cuyuni por la banda del Sur.

CUMATI, Río] pequeño de la Provincia y Gobierno del Paraguay: corre al S, y entra en el río grande de los Portugueses.

CUMAYARIS, Nación bárbara de Indios

558

55S

CUM

CUM

found in the environs of Cumana what the Spa
niards call til spa, a species of the Jesuits’ bark ;
the calaguala, a plant, the root of which is
dissolvent, aperitive, and sudorific ; the pissi
phii, a species of emetic ; the caranapire, a species
of sage ; and the tualua, a more powerful purga
tive than jalap. There arc also a great number of
spices, which are suffered to rot on the spot where '
first they grew. In lat. 10° 27'. Long. 64° IS'.]
The settlements of the province of Cumana are,

San Baltasar de los Cum pa,

Arias, Rio Caribes,

San Felipe de Austria, A raja.

Those of the missions,

Cocuisas, San Francisco,

San Feliz, Santa Maria de los An-

San Lorenzo, geles,

Chacaracuan, San Antonio.

Of the doctrines {dodrinas),

Cacuar,

Unare,

Punccres,

Guanaguana,

Soro,

Caicara,

Irapa,

Yaguara,

Caripe,

Teresen,

Guayuta,

Tipirin,

Amacuro,

Paro.

Cumana, a river of the above province (Cumaná) and
government, which rises in the spot called Co
coyan, in the serrama. It runs n. following this
course continually through the sierra until it
flows down to the plain near the city, from whence
it enters the gulf, first having divided itself into
four arms. In the winter time it generally over
flows ; but as the distance from the sierra to its
mouth, or where it enters the sea, is so short, it
quickly subsides within its proper bed, when it
leaves water enough for the navigation of a barge ;
and there w ould be sufficient for large vessels, were
it not for the bar which is at its mouth and im
pedes its entrance. In the summer time, how
ever, it becomes so dry, tliat it is scarcely navi
gable for canoes.

CUMANACOA, a city lying s. e. of Cumana
14 leagues ; in the middle of the valley of the same
name. The population amounts to 4200 people ;
the air is wholesome, the w aters have a diureticqua
lity not commonly to be met with. This city wants
nothing but hands to avail itself of the produc
tions which the richness of the land would yield,
if it were cultivated. The fruits have here an un
eommonly fine savour, taste, and substance. The
government gives this city the name of San Bal
tasar de los Arias, but that of Cumanacoa has so
much prevailed, that it is the only one by which
it is now known. See Cumana.

2

CUMANAGOTA, a city of the former pro
vince and government ((Cumaná), in the kingdom of Tierra
Firme
, called also San Baltasar de los Arias. It
has a good, convenient, and secure port ; is
situate on the skirts of the most elevated part of
the serrama, in a fertile valley, which abounds in
streams, which irrigate 26 estates of yucales, some
small plantations of cacao, and some cattle. The
productions of all these estates are consumed in the
country ; since, through the unevenness of the
roads, it is impossible to carry^them out of it, with
the exception, however, of tobacco, with which
Cumana is supplied. The soil is the most fertile
of any in the province, especially to the n. of the
sietTa, where there might be established some very
good cacao estates ; but this is not to be accom
plished, considering the scarcity of its inhabitants,
and their great poverty. This city, just after the con
quest of these countries, was noted for its famous
pearl-fisheries, which were afterwards abandoned.
Its vicinity was inhabited by many gentile Indians,
who were at continual enmity with the Spaniards
and the other inhabitants ; but these troublesome
people were reduced to obedience by Don Juan de
Urpin, who had held consultations for that pur
pose with the council of the Indies. The popu
lation amounts to 800 souls, including the Negro
slaves and the people of colour.

CUMAPI, a large lake of the country of Las
Amazonas
. It is a waste water of the large river
Caqueta, in the territory of the Guayonas In
dians.

CUMARA, a river of the province and coun
try of Las Amazonas, in the territory possessed by
the Portuguese, is an arm of the Cuchivara or
Purus, which enters the Maranon before the other
streams which are tributary to this river.

CUMAREBO, a settlement of the province
and government of Venezuela ; situate on the sea
coast, and at the point of its name, with a good,
though small port, and one that is much frequented
by vessels.

CUMARU, Los Santos Angeles de, a settle
ment of the province and country of Las Amazonas,
in the part possessed by the Portuguese; situate
on the shore of a large river.

CUMATEN, a small river of the province and
colony of Surinam, or part of Guayana possessed
by the Dutch. It rises in the mountain of Areyuc
tuquen, and runs, collecting the waters of many
others, to enter the Cuyuni on the s. side.

CUMATl, a small river of the province and
government of Paraguay. It runs s. and enters
the large river of the Portuguese.

CUMAYARIS, a barbarous nation of Indians,


Translation

CUMANAGOTO, Ciudad de la Provincia y Gobierno antecedente, en el Reyno de Tierra-Firme, llamada también San Baltasar de los Arias: tiene un buen Puerto cómodo y seguro; está situada en las faldas de lo mas elevado de la Serranía, en un valle fértil y abundante de aguas con que benefician 26 haciendas de yucales, unos cortos plantíos de cacao y algún ganado, cuyos frutos se consumen en el Pais, porque la fragosidad de los caminos no permite transportarlos fuera, a excepción del tabaco de que se provee Cumaná: el terreno es el mas fértil de toda la Provincia, especialmente al Norte de la sierra, donde pudiera haber muy buenas haciendas de cacao; pero la falta de gente y la suma pobreza de sus vecinos no lo permite; tuvo esta Ciudad al principio de las conquistas gran comercio de la pesquería de perlas que tenia, y luego abandonaron: en su inmediación habitaban muchos Indios gentiles, que hacían continua guerra a los Españoles y al vecindario, para cuya reducción capituló con el Rey a consulta del Consejo de Indias el Gobernador Don Juan de Urpin el modo de reducirlos y pacificarlos, como lo consiguió: el vecindario se compone hoy de 8d00 almas, inclusos los Negros esclavos y demás gente de color.

CUMAPI, Laguna grande del País de las Amazonas: es un desague del caudaloso río Caquetá en el territorio de los Indios Guayoanas.

CUMARA, río de la Provincia y Pais de las Amazonas en el territorio que poseen los Portugueses: es un brazo del Cuchivara o Purus, que entra en el Marañen antes que el resto de sus aguas.

CUMAREBO, Pueblo de la Provincia y Gobierno de Venezuela, situado en la Costa del mar y punta de su nombre, con un buen Puerto, aunque pequeño, muy frecuentado de embarcaciones.

CUMARU, Los Santos Angeles de, Pueblo de la Provincia y Pais de las Amazonas en la parte que poseen los Portugueses, situado a orilla de un río caudaloso.

CUMATEN, Río] pequeño de la Provincia y Colonia de Surinam o parte de la Guayana que poseen los Holandeses: nace en el monte de Areyuctuquen y corre, recogiendo las aguas de otros muchos, a entrar en el de Cuyuni por la banda del Sur.

CUMATI, Río] pequeño de la Provincia y Gobierno del Paraguay: corre al S, y entra en el río grande de los Portugueses.

CUMAYARIS, Nación bárbara de Indios