C R U
C R U
Bishops who have presided in Santa Cruz de la
1. Don Antonio Calderon, native of Vilches,
dean of the holy church of Santa Fe, bisliop of
Puertorico and Panama; first bishop in 1605;
died at the advanced age of upwards of 100
2. Don Fray Fernando de Ocampo, of the re
ligious order of St. Francis, a native of Madrid.
3. Don Juan Zapata y Figueroa, native of
Velez-Malaga ; he was canon and inquisitor of
Seville ; presented to the brishopric of Santa Cruz
Fray Juan de Arguinao, a religious
Dominican, native of Lima, was prior and provin
cial in his religion, first professor of theology and
writing in that university, qualificator of the in
quisition ; presented to the bishopric of Santa Cruz
in 1646, and promoted to the archbishopric of
Santa Fe in 1661.
5. Don Fray Bernardino de Cardenas, native of
Lima, of the order of St. Francis ; promoted from
Paraguay to this bishopric in 1666.
6. Don Fray Juan de Rivera, of the order of
St. Augustin, native of Pisco in Peru ; first pro
fessor of theology.
7. Don Fray Juan de Esturrizaga, of the order
of preachers, native of Lima.
8. Don Pedro de Cardenas y Arbieto, native of
Lima, collegian of the royal college of San Mar
tin, canon of its holy church.
9. Hon Fray Juan de los Rios, of the order of
St. Dominic, a native of Lima, provincial of his
religion in the province of San Juan Bautista del
10. Don Fray Miguel Alvarez de Toledo, of
the order of Nuestra Sexiora de la Merced, elected
11. Don Miguel Bernardo de la Fuente, dean
of the holy church of Truxillo, elected in 1727.
12. Don Andres de Vergara and Uribe, elected
in 1744 ; he died in 1745.
13. Don Juan Pablo de Olmedo, native of Tu
cuman, elected in 1745, died in 1757.
14. Don Fernando Perez de Obiitas, native of
Arequipa, elected in the aforesaid year, died in
15. Don Francisco Ramon de Herboso, native
of Lima, elected in 1760, promoted to the arch
bishopric of Charcas in 1766.
16. Don Juan Domingo Gonzalez de la Ri
gucra, elected the aforesaid year, and promoted
to the archbishopric of the holy metropolitan
church of Lima in 1780.
17. Don Alexandro de Ochoa, elected in 1782.
Cruz, Santa, a city of the above province,
which was once the capital ; founded by Nuno de
Chaves in 1557, after that he had passed along the
shores of the river Paraguay to discover a commu
nication with the other provinces. Its inhabitants,
however, not being able to stay in it through the
incessant sallies of the Indians who surrounded
them, were under the necessity of changing their
settlement ; but disagreeing in the choice of place,
some of them united together, and founded the city
of Santiago del Puerto, and others that of San
Lorenzo de la Frontcra, which is to-day the capi
tal, the former city being entirely abandoned.
Cruz, Santa, another, of the head settlement
and alca’d'ia mayor of Jochimilco in Nueva Es
pana ; situate in a mountainous and cold country,
containing 46 families of Indians, who live by cut
ting timber and making fuel. It is two leagues to
the cU. of its capital.
Cruz, Santa, another, of the head settlement of
St. Francisco del Valle, and akaldia mayor of
Zultepec, in Nueva Espana. It contains 28 fa
milies of Indians, dedicated to the cultivation of
the land, and cutting bark from trees. Ten leagues
from its head settlement.
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