532

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532

C R E

C R O

datorj parties against the settlements in their vici
nity. The Creeks are very badly armed, having
few rifles, and are mostly armed with muskets.
For near 40 years past, the Creek Indians have
had little intercourse with any other foreigners but
those of the English nation. Their prejudice in
favour of every thing English, has been carefully
kept alive by tories and others to this day. Most
of their towns have now in their possession British
drums, with the arms of the nation and other em
blems painted on them, and some of their squaws
preserve the remnants of British flags. They still
believe that “ the great king over the water” is
able to keep the whole world in subjection. The
land of the country is a common stock ; and any
individual may remove from one part of it to an
other, and occupy vacant ground where he can
find it. The country is naturally divided into
three districts, viz. the Upper Creeks, Lower and
Middle Creeks, and Seminoles. The upper dis
trict includes all the waters of the Tallapoosee,
Coosahatchee, and Alabama rivers, and is called
the Abbacoes. The lower or middle district in
cludes all the waters of the Chattahoosee and Flint
rivers, down to their junction ; and although oc
cupied by a great number of different tribes, the
whole are called Cowetaulgas or Coweta people,
from the Cowetan town and tribe, the most warlike
and ancient of any in the whole nation. The
lower or s. district takes in the river Appala
chicola, and extends to the point of E. Florida,
and is called the Country of the Seminoles. Agri
culture is as far advanced with the Indians as it
can well be, without the proper implements of hus
bandry. A very large majority of the nation
being devoted to hunting in the winter, and to war
or idleness in summer, cultivate but small parcels
of ground, barely sufficient for subsistence. But
many individuals, (particularly on Flint river,
among the Chehaws, who possess numbers of Ne
groes) have fenced fields, tolerably well cultivated.
Having no ploughs, they break up the ground
with hoes, and scatter the seed promiscuously over
the ground in hills, but not in rows. They
raise horses, cattle, fowls, and hogs. The only
articles they manufacture are eartlien pots and
pans, baskets, horse-ropes or halters, smoked
leather, black marble pipes, wooden spoons, and
oil from acorns, hickery nuts, and chesnuts.)

(Creeks, confederated nations of Indians. See
Muscogulge.)

(Creeks Crossing Place, on Tennessee river, is
about 40 miles e. s. e. of the mouth of Elk river, at
the Muscle shoals, and 36 s.w. of Nickajack, in
the Georgia w. territory.)

(CREGER’S Town, in Frederick county,
Maryland, lies on the w. side of Monococy river,
between Owing’s and Hunting creeks, which fall
into that river ; nine miles s. of Ermmtsburg, near
the Pennsylvania line, and about 11 n. of Frede
rick town.)

CREUSE, or River Hondo, a river of Canada,
which runs s.w. and enters the St. Lawrence, in
the country of the Acones Indians.

CRIPPLE, Bay of, on the s. coast of the island
of Newfoundland, on the side of Race cape.

CRISIN, a small island of the N. sea, near the
71. coast of the island of St. Domingo, between the
islands of Molino and Madera, opposite to port
Belfin.

CRISTO. See Manta.

(CROCHE, a lake of N. America, in New South
Wales
, terminated by the portage La Loche, 400
paces long, and derives its name from the appear
ance of the water falling over a rock of upwards
of 30 feet. It is about 12 miles long. Lat. 36°
40'. Long, 109° 25' w.)

CROIX, or Cross, a river of the province and
government of Louisiana, the same as that which,
with the name of the Ovadeba, incorporates itself
with the Ynsovavudela, and takes this name, till it
enters the Mississippi.

Croix, another river of Nova Scotia or Acadia.
It rises in the lake Konsaki, runs s. and enters the
sea in the port of Portages.

Croix, another, of the same province and colony,
which rises near the coast of the city of Halifax,
runs 7^. and enters the basin of the Mines of the bay
of Fundy.

Croix, an island near the coast of the same
province and colony, between that of Canes and
the bay of Mirligueche.

Croix, a bay of the island of Guadalupe, on the
s. w. coast, between the river Sence, and the port
of the Petite Fontaine, or Little Fountain.

Croix, a port of the n. coast of the island of
Newfoundland, in the strait of Bellisle.

Croix, a lake of Canada, in the country and
territor}'’ of the Algonquins Indians, between that
of St. 'I'homas and the river Bastican.

Croix, a small settlement in the island of Mar
tinique
.

(Croix, St. See Cruz, Santa.)

CRON, a small river of the province and cap
tainship of Seara in Brazil. It rises near tlie
coast, runs n. and enters the sea at the point of
Tortuga.

(CROOKED Island, one of the Bahama islands,
or rather a cluster of islands, of which North
Crooked island, South Crooked island, (com-

2

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