533

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C R O

C R O 533

moiily called Acklin’s island), and Long Kej, (or
Fortune island), are tlie principal, Castle island
(a very small one) is the most s. and is situated at
the s. end of Acklin’s island, which is the largest
of the group, and extends about 50 miles in length ;
atthew. extremity it is seven miles in breadth,
but grows narrow towards the s. N. Crooked
island is upwards of 20 miles long, and from two to
six broad; Long Key, about two miles in length,
l)ut very narrow : on this latter island is a valuable
salt pond. Near Bird rock, which is the most
w, extremity of the group, and at the w. point of
N. Crooked island, is a reef harbour, and a good
anchorage ; a settlement has been lately established
there, called Pitt’s Town, and this is the place
where the Jamaica packet, on her return to Eu
rope through the Crooked island passage, leaves
once every month the Bahama mail from England,
and takes on board the mail for Europe ; a port of
entry is now established there. There is likewise
very good anchorage, and plenty of fresh water at
the French w'ells, which lie at the bottom of the
bay, about half-way between Bird rock and thes.
end of Long Key. There is also a good harbour,
(called Atwood’s harbour) at the w. end of Acklin’s
island, but fit only for small vessels, and another
at Major’s Keys, on the n. side of N, Crooked
island, for vessels drawing eight or nine feet water.
The population in ISOtf amounted to about 40
whites, and 950 Negroes, men, women, and
children; and previous to May 1803, lands were
granted by the crown, (o the amount oi 24,2 18 acres,
for the purpose of cultivation. The middle of the
island lies in lat. 22^ 30' «. ; long. 74° tii). See
Bahamas.)

(Crooked Lake, in the Genessee country,
communicates in an e, by n. diiection with Seneca
lake.)

(Crooked Lake, one of tlie chain of small lakes
which connects the lake of tiie Woods with lake
Superior, on the boundary line between the United
States and Upper Canada, remarkable for its rug
ged cliff, in the cxacks of which are a number of
arrow's sticking.)

(Crooked River, in Camden county, Georgia,
empties into the sea, opposite Cumberland island,
12 or 14 miles n. from the mouth of St. Mary’s.
Its banks are well timbered, and its course is e.
by ??.)

(CROSS-CREEK, a township in Washington
county, Pennsylvania.)

(Cross-Creeks. See Fayettevilee.)

(Cross-Roads, the name of a place in N. Caro
lina
. near Duplin court-house, 23 miles from

Sampson court-house, and 23 from S. Washing
ton.)

(Cross-Roads, a village in Kent county, Mary
land, situated two miles s. of Georgetown, on
Sassafras river, and is thus named from four roads
which meet and cross each other iu the village.)

(Cross-Roads, a village in Chester county,
Pennsylvania, where six ditferent roads meet. It
is 27 miles s. e. of Lancaster, 11 n. by w. of Elk
ton in Maryland, and about 18 w.n.w. of Wil
mington iu Delaware.)

CROSSING, a settlement of the island of Bar
badoes
, in the district of the parish of San Juan.

(CROSSWICKS, a village in Burlington
county, New Jersey; through which the line of
stages passes from New York to Philadelphia.
It has a respectable Quaker meeting-house, four
miles 5. ti;. of Allen town, eight s. e. of Trenton,
and 14 s. w. of Burlington.)

(CROTON River, a n. e. water of Hudson
river, rises in the town of New Fairfield in Con
necticut, and running through Dutchess county,
empties into Tappan bay. Croton bridge is thrown
over this river three miles from its mouth, on the
great road to Albany ; this is a solid, substantial
bridge, 1400 feet long, the road narrow, piercing
through a slate hill; it is supported by 16 stone
pillars. Here is an admirable view of Croton falls,
where the water precipitates itself between 60 and
70 feet perpendicular, and over high slate banks,
in some places 100 feet, the river spreading into
three streams as it enters the Hudson.)

(CROW Creek falls into the Tennessee, from
the n. w. opposite the Crow town, 15 miles be
low Nickajack town.)

(Crow Indians, a people of N. America, di
vided into four bands, called by themselves Ahah'
ar-ro-pir-no-pah, No6-ta, Pa-rees-car, and E
liart'-sar. They annually visit the Mandans, Me
netares, and Ahwahhaways, to whom they barter
liorses, mules, leather lodges, and many articles
of Indian apparel, for which they receive in re
turn guns, ammunition, axes, kettles, awls, and
other European manufactures. When they re
turn to their country, they are in turn visited by
the Paunch and Snake Indians, to whom they bar
ter most of the articles they have obtained from the
nations on the Missouri, for horses and mules, of
which those rrations have a greater abundance than
themselves. They also obtain of the Snake In
dians bridle-bits and blankets, and some other
articles, which those Indians purchase from the
Spaniards. Their country is fertile, and well
watered, and in many parts well timbered.

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