C I P
C I u
CINCO-SEÑORES, a settlement of the pro
vince of Tepeguana, and kingdom of Nueva Viz
caya ; one of the missions of the Babosariganes
Indians, held there by the regulars of the com
pany of Jesuits. Within eight leagues to the s.
of its district is a great unpeopled tract, called De
las Manos, (Of the Hands), from the infidel Indians
having nailed up against some temples in those
parts many hands of some unfortunate Spaniards
•whom they had killed, when the latter had en
tered the country under the idea of making pro
CINGACUCHUSCAS, a barbarous nation of
Indians, who inhabit the woods to the s. of the
river Marañon. In 1652 they were united to the
Pandabeques, and established themselves in the
settlement of Xibaros of the missions of Maynas,
with the exception of some few, who still remain
in their idolatry, and lead a wandering life through
CINTU, a spacious llanura or plain, of the
ancient province of Chimu, now Truxillo, on the
coast of the S. sea. It was taken possession of by
Huaina Capac, thirteenth Emperor of the Incas.
It is very fertile, and of a good and healthy cli
mate ; but it is but little inhabited.
CIPOYAY, a country and territory of the pro
vince and government of Paraguay, called also the
province of Vera, towards the e. and where the
nation of the Guaranis Indians dwell. It is of a
hot climate, but very fertile, abounding in woods,
and well watered by many rivers ; some of which
run from e. to w. and enter the Uruguay, and
others from s. to n. and enter the Plata.
CIPRE, a river of the province and govern
ment of Esmeraldas in the kingdom of Quito.
It takes its course from e. to w. and opposite tlie
river Sola, empties itself into that of Esmeraldas,
on the w. side, in lat. 28' n.
CIRANDIRO, a settlement and the capital of
the alcaldia mayor of Guimeo in the province and
bishopric of Mechoacan. It is of a hot tempera
ture, and inliabited by 90 families of Tarascos In
dians. In its vicinity is the estate of Quichandio,
in which eight families of Spaniards, and 15 of
Mustees and Mulattoes, are employed in making
sugar. Also in the estate of Santa Maria are five
families of the former. It is 75 leagues to the w.
and one-fourth to the s. w. of Mexico.
[CIRENCESTER. See Marcus Hook.]
CIUAPA, a river of the province and corregi
miento of Coquimbo in the kingdom of Chile,
towards the «. It is notorious from a species of
fish caught in it, called tache, of an extrem.ely deli
cate flavour. It runs into the S. or Pacific sea,
terming a small port of little depth.
CIUDAD REAL, a city of the province and
government of Paraguay ; founded in 1557. by
Rui Diaz Melgarejo, on the shore of the river Pi
quiri, three leagues from Parana. It Was des
troyed by the Mamalukos Indians of San Pablo of
Brazil, in 1630, and in its place was substituted the
rich town of Espiritu Santo, the territory of which
abounds in fruits, vines, and mines of copper.
In the vicinity of the present town is a great wa
terfall, formed by the above river, upwards »f
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