471

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C H U

C H Y

471

ment of the province and corre^innenlo of Hiia
machuco in Peru ; one of the lour divisions of the
curacy of Estancias.

CHUQUIYAPU, an ancient province of Peru,
which was conquered and united to the empire by
Mayta Capac, fourth Emperor of the Incas, after
the famous battle and victory of Huallu against
the Collas Indians. It is tolerably well j, copied,
and of a cold climate. Its territory abounds in
excellent pastures, iti which there are great quan
tities of cattle. In some parts, where the tempera
ture is hot, there is found maize, cacao, and sugar
cane. This country abountls in woods, and in
these are found tigers, leopards, stags, and mon
keys of many dilFerent species.

CHURCAMPA, a settlement of the province
and corregimiento of Huanta in Peru ; annexed to
the curacy of Mayor.

[CHURCH Creek Town, in Dorchester
county, Maryland, lies at the head of Church
creek, a branch of Hudson river, seven miles $.w.
from Cambridge.]

[Church Hill, a village in Queen Ann’s county,
Maryland, at tlie head of S. E. Creek, a branch of
Chester river, n. w. of Bridgetown, and n. e. of
Centreville eight miles, and 85 s. w. from Phila
delphia. Lat. 39° 6' n. Long. 76° 10' a?.]

CHURCHILL, a great river of New S. Wales,
one of tlie provinces of N. America, at the mouth
of which the English Hudson bay company have a
fort and establishment; situate in lat. 59° w. and
long. 94° 12' w. The commerce of this place is
great and lucrative, and on account of its great
distance entirely secure from any disturbance from
the French. In 1747 the number of castor-skins,
which were brought by 100 Indians to this spot in
their canoes, amounted to 20,000. Several other
kinds of skins were also brought from the n, by
200 other Indians ; some of whom came hither by
the river Seals, or Marine Wolves, 15 leagues to
the s. of the fort. To the n. of this fort there are
no castors, since there arc no woods where these
animals are found, though there are many other
woods Avhich abound in wolves, bears, foxes, buf
faloes, and other animals whose skins are valuable.
Here are great quantities of shrubs or small trees,
planted by the factory, supplying timber ; but the
opposite side, of the river is most favourable to their
growth ; and at a still greater distance are found
large trees of various kinds. The company re
siding in the fort is exposed to many risks, and
obliged to inhabit a rock surrounded by frosts and
snows for eight months in the year, being exposed
to all the winds and tempests. On account of the
deficiency of pasture, they maintain near the fac
tory no more than four or five horses, and a bull
w ith two cows ; for the maintenance of which du
ring the winter, fodder is brought from a fenny
bottom some miles distant from the river. Those
who have been hero allirm, that between this river
and the river Nelson there is, at a great distance
up the country, a communication or narrow pass
of land, by which these rivers are divided; and the
Indians who carry on this traffic, have dealings
with the English navigating the river Nelson or
Albany. [See New Britain.]

[CHURCHTOWN, a village so called, in the
n. e. part of Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, about
20 miles e.n.e. of Lancaster, and 50w.n.w.oi'
Philadelphia. It has 12 houses, and an episcopal
church ; and m the environs are two forges, which

manufacture about 450 tons of bar iron annually.
reghnienlo of Caxatambo in Peru. Its jurisdictioa
comprehends the settlements of

Huacho,

Pal pas,

Curay,

Naba,

Taucir,

Oyon,

Rapas,

Tinta,

Pachangara,

Mallay.

It has some celebrated fountains of mineral waters,

CHURUBAMBA, settlement of the province
and corregimiento of Huanuco in Peru ; annexed
to the curacy of Santa Maria del Valle.

CHURUMACO, a settlement of the head settle
ment and dlealdia mayor of Cinagua in Nueva
España ; situate in a dry and warm country ; on
which account the seeds scarcely ever come to ma
turity, save those of maize ; melons indeed grow
in abundance, owing to the cultivation they find,
and from water being brought to them from a river
which runs at least a league’s distance from the
the settlement. In its district are several herds of
large cattle, which form the principal branch of
the commerce of the inhabitants : these consist of
80 families of Indians. In its limits are also found
some ranchos, in which reside 22 families of Spa
niards, and 34 of Mustees and Mulattoes. At a
short distance is the mountain called Ynguaran, in
which copper mines are found, though this metal
has not been observed much to abound. Four
leagues to the e. of its capital.

CHURUMATAS, a settlement of the province
and corregimiento of Yamparaes in Peru, and of
the archbishopric of Charcas.

CHUSCOS, a barbarous nation of Indians of
the ancient province of Panataguas, to the n. of
the city of Huanuco ; of which little more than its
name is known.

CHYAIZAQUES, a barbarous nation, and

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