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C I c

C I c

472

but very little known, of Indians, of the Nuevo
Reyno de Granada, bordering upon the river
Fusagasuga. They are few, and live dispersed in
the woods, having a communication with the Faeces
and Fusungaes.

[CHYENNES, Indians of N. America, the
remnant of a nation once respectable in point of
number. They formerly resided on a branch of
the Red river of Lake Winnipie, which still bears
their name. Being oppressed by the Sioux, they
removed to the w, side of the Missouri, about
15 miles below the mouth of Warricunne creek,
where they built and fortified a village ; but
being pursued by their ancient enemies the Sioux,
they fled to the Black hills, about the head of the
Chyenne river, where they wander in quest of the
buffalo, having no fixed residence. They do not
cultivate. They are well disposed towards the
whites, and might easily be induced to settle on the
Missouri, if they could be assured of being pro
tected from the Sioux. Their number annually
diminishes. Their trade may be made valuable.]

[CIACICA. See Cicasica.]

CIBAMBE, a settlement of the district and cor
regimiento of Alausi in the kingdom of Quito.

CIBAYA, a settlement of the province and cor
regimiento of Arica in Peru.

[CIBOLA, or Civola, the name of a town in,
ana also the ancient name of, New Granada in
Tierra Firroe, S. America. The country here,
though not mountainous, is very cool ; and the
Indians are said to be the whitest, wittiest, most
sincere and orderly of all the aboriginal Americans.
When the country was discovered, they had each
but one wife, and were excessively jealous. They
worshipped water, and an old woman that was a
magician ; and believed she lay hid under one of
tlicir

CIBOO, Minas de, some rough and craggy
mountains, nearly in the centre of the island of St. Domingo,
where some gold mines are worked, and
from whence great wealth was procured at the be*
ginning of the conquest.

CIBOUX, a small island near the e. coast of
the Isla Real, or Cape Breton, between the port
Delfin and the entrance of the lake of Labrador.

CICASICA, a province and corregimiento of
Perú ; bounded n. and n. e. by the mountains of
the Andes, and the province of Larecaxa ; e. by
the province of Cochabamba ; s. e. by that of Paria
and coTTCgirnicnto of Oruro ; on the s . it is touched
by the river of Desaguadero ; s. w, by the province
of Pacages ; and n. w.. and w. by the city of La Paz.
It is one of the greatest in the whole kingdom,
since the corregidor is obliged to place here 12
lieutenants for the administration of justice, on ac
count of its extent. It is five leagues from n. to j.
and 80 from e. to w. Its temperature is various ;
in some parts there are some very cold serrantasy
in which breed every species of cattle, in proportion
to the number of estates found there. That part
which borders upon the Andes is very hot and
moist, but at the same time fertile, and abounding
in all kinds of fruits and plantations of sugar-cane,
and in cacao estates, the crops of which are very
great, and produce a lucrative commerce ; the use
of this leaf, which was before only common to the
Indians, being now general amongst the Spaniards
of both sexes and all classes ; so that one basket
ful, which formerly cost no more than five dollars,
will now fetch from 10 to 11 ; vines are also culti
vated, and from these is made excellent wine. This
province is watered by the river La Paz, which is
the source of the Beni ; also by a river descending
from the branches of the cordillera, and which, in
the wet season, is tolerably large. At the river
Corico begins the navigation by means of rafts to
the settlement of Los Reyes. Amongst the pro
ductions of this province may be counted Jesuits
bark, equal to that of Loxa, according to the ex
periments made at Lima. This province begins at
the river Majaviri, which divides the suburbs of
Santa Barbara from the city of La Paz, and here
is a little valley watered by the above river, and in
it are a few houses or country-seats belonging to
the inhabitants of the above city. This valley,
which is of a delightful temperature, extends as
far as the gold mine called Clmquiahuilla, on
the skirt of the cordillera, where was found
that rich lump of gold which weighed 90 marks,
the largest ever seen in that kingdom, with the pe
culiarity, that upon assaying it, it was found to
have six different alloys ; its degrees of perfec
tion differing from 18 to 23 j ; and that being
valued in Spanish money, it proved to be worth
11,269 dollars reals. This prize was carried to
the royal treasury, and upon this occasion the
Marquis of Castelfuerte, then viceroy, received
the thanks of his majesty. In the territory of
Cinco Curatos (or Five Curacies) of the Andes are
found in the forests excellent woods, such as cedars,
corcoholos, &c. and many fine fruits, also tobacco.
It had formerly very rich mines of gold and silver,
which are still known to exist in other mountains
besides that of Santiago, but the natives have no in
clination to work them. The aforementioned
mountain has the peculiarity of abounding in either
sort of the said metals. In the asiento of the mines
of Arica, there is a gold mine which produces but
little. From the wo^ of the flocks are made sora«

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