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C H I

CHI 383

in Nueva Espana, is of a mild temperature ; si
tuate in a pleasant and fertile plain, and one which
abounds in maize, wheat, and other seeds. It con
tains S68 families of Indians, 13 of Spaniards, and
a convent of the religious order of St. Francis;
is one league n. of its capital,

Chiautla, with the addition of La Sal, an
other settlement, the capital of its jurisdiction, in
the same kingdom, thus called from the salt mines
found in it formerly, and from which the inhabi
tants used to derive a great commerce. At pre
sent it is in a thorough state of decay, not only as
its trade has fallen off in the other provinces ; but
as the Indians have applied themselves rather to
the cultivation of the soil and the planting of fruits
and pulse, from the traffic of which they derive
their maintenance. It is inhabited by 650 families
of Mexican Indians, and 40 of Spaniards, J\/us~
iees, and Mulattoes. It contains a convent of the
religious order of St. Augustin. The jurisdiction
is so much reduced that it is not more than five
leagues in length and three in width, void of com
merce, and has but a small revenue. Its inhabi
tants, although they are somewhat given to the
breeding of small cattle, yet this must hardly be
considered with them a branch of commerce,
since they have scarcely enough of these where
with to support theiiiselves. It contains only two
other settlements, and these are,

Xicotlan, Huehetlan.

Forty-five leagues s. e. to the s. w. of Mexico.
CHIBACOA, a settlement of the province and
government of Venezuela ; situate on the shore of
a river to the w. of the town of Nirua.

CHIBATA, a settlement of the . province and
corregimiento of Tunja in the Nuevo Reyno de
Granada, and the head settlement of the corregi
miento of Indies, is of a very cold and fresh tem
perature, abounding in productions, and particu
larly in cattle, from the fleeces and hides of which
are made quantities of blankets, linen cloths, and
other articles for garments. It may contain about
200 Indians, and it is eight leagues to the n. e.
of Tunja, lying between this latter place and the
settlement of Siachoque.

CHIBAI, a settlement of the province and
corregimiento of Collahuas in Peru.

CHICA, an island of the N. sea, one of the
Lucayas ; situate between the islands Siguate and
St. Andrew. The English gave it the name of
Little.

CHICACHAE, a settlement of the province and
government of Louisiana or S. Carolina, in which
the English have a fort and establishment to carry

on commerce with the Indians, is situated on the
shore of the river Sonlahove.

CHICACHAS, a settlement of Indians of this
nation, in the territory thus called, where the Eng
lish have an establishment or factory for com
merce.

CHICAGOU, a port of Canada, on the w. side
of the lake Michigan.

Chicagou, a river of the same province and
government, which runs s. then ?i. e. and enters
the former port.

CHICAHOMINI, a river of the province and
colony of Virginia, runs s.e. and turning its
course to the s. enters the Thames.

CHICAHUASCO, a settlement of the head settle
ment of Huipuxtla, and alcaldia mayor of Tepe
tango, in Nueva Espana, contains 72 families of
Indians.

CHICAHUASTEPEC, San Miguel de, a
settlement of the head settlement of Zoyaltepec, and
alcaldia mayor of Yanguitlan. It contains 48 fa
milies of Indians, and is 10 leagues from its head
settlement.

CHICAHUAZTLA, San Andres de, a settle
ment and head settlement of the alcaldia mayor of
Tepozcolula, in the province and bishopric of
Oaxaca, in the kingdom of Nueva Espana, is of
a cold temperature, inhabited by 332 families of
Indians, including those of the settlements or wards
of its district, and they maintain themselves by
bartering cotton garments for salt on the coast of
Xicayan ; 12 leagues s. w. of its capital.

Chicahuaztla, another, a small settlement or
ward of the alcaldia mayor of Guachinango in the
same kingdom ; annexed to the curacy of that of
Tlaola.

CHICAMA, a large, fertile, and beautiful valley
of the province and corregimiento of Truxillo in
Peru. It was one of the most populous in the
times of the gentilisra of the Indians, owing to its
agreeable and benign temperature : is watered by
a river of its name, which divides it from that of
Chimu. In 1540, the friar Domingo de Santo
Tomas founded here a convent of his order, for
the instruction of the Indians, which immediately
was turned into a priory and a house for noviciates.
It is at present, however, fallen into decay, through
the ravages of time. This valley is six leagues
from the capital, to the n. in the road which leads
to the provinces of Quito, Sana, and Piura.

Chicama, a river of this province and corregi
miento. It rises in the province of Guamachuco,
from two very lofty mountains, called Y ulcaguanca
and Yanaguanca, to the n. e . ; and waters and fer-

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