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kmr3934 at Oct 19, 2018 07:30 PM

383

C H I

CHI 383

in Nueva Espana, is of a mild temperature ; si-
tuate in a pleasant and fertile plain, and one which
abounds in maize, wheat, and other seeds. It con-
tains S68 families of Indians, 13 of Spaniards, and
a convent of the religious order of St. Francis;
is one league n. of its capital,

Chiautla, with the addition of La Sal, an-
other settlement, the capital of its jurisdiction, in
the same kingdom, thus called from the salt mines
found in it formerly, and from which the inhabi-
tants used to derive a great commerce. At pre-
sent it is in a thorough state of decay, not only as
its trade has fallen off in the other provinces ; but
as the Indians have applied themselves rather to
the cultivation of the soil and the planting of fruits
and pulse, from the traffic of which they derive
their maintenance. It is inhabited by 650 families
of Mexican Indians, and 40 of Spaniards, J\/us~
iees, and Mulattoes. It contains a convent of the
religious order of St. Augustin. The jurisdiction
is so much reduced that it is not more than five
leagues in length and three in width, void of com-
merce, and has but a small revenue. Its inhabi-
tants, although they are somewhat given to the
breeding of small cattle, yet this must hardly be
considered with them a branch of commerce,
since they have scarcely enough of these where-
with to support theiiiselves. It contains only two
other settlements, and these are,

Xicotlan, Huehetlan.

Forty-five leagues s. e. to the s. w. of Mexico.
CHIBACOA, a settlement of the province and
government of Venezuela ; situate on the shore of
a river to the w. of the town of Nirua.

CHIBATA, a settlement of the . province and
corregimiento of Tunja in the Nuevo Reyno de
Granada, and the head settlement of the corregi-
miento of Indies, is of a very cold and fresh tem-
perature, abounding in productions, and particu-
larly in cattle, from the fleeces and hides of which
are made quantities of blankets, linen cloths, and
other articles for garments. It may contain about
200 Indians, and it is eight leagues to the n. e.
of Tunja, lying between this latter place and the
settlement of Siachoque.

CHIBAI, a settlement of the province and
corregimiento of Collahuas in Peru.

CHICA, an island of the N. sea, one of the
Lucayas ; situate between the islands Siguate and
St. Andrew. The English gave it the name of
Little.

CHICACHAE, a settlement of the province and
government of Louisiana or S. Carolina, in which
the English have a fort and establishment to carry

on commerce with the Indians, is situated on the
shore of the river Sonlahove.

CHICACHAS, a settlement of Indians of this
nation, in the territory thus called, where the Eng-
lish have an establishment or factory for com-
merce.

CHICAGOU, a port of Canada, on the w. side
of the lake Michigan.

Chicagou, a river of the same province and
government, which runs s. then ?i. e. and enters
the former port.

CHICAHOMINI, a river of the province and
colony of Virginia, runs s.e. and turning its
course to the s. enters the Thames.

CHICAHUASCO, a settlement of the head settle-
ment of Huipuxtla, and alcaldia mayor of Tepe-
tango, in Nueva Espana, contains 72 families of
Indians.

CHICAHUASTEPEC, San Miguel de, a
settlement of the head settlement of Zoyaltepec, and
alcaldia mayor of Yanguitlan. It contains 48 fa-
milies of Indians, and is 10 leagues from its head
settlement.

CHICAHUAZTLA, San Andres de, a settle-
ment and head settlement of the alcaldia mayor of
Tepozcolula, in the province and bishopric of
Oaxaca, in the kingdom of Nueva Espana, is of
a cold temperature, inhabited by 332 families of
Indians, including those of the settlements or wards
of its district, and they maintain themselves by
bartering cotton garments for salt on the coast of
Xicayan ; 12 leagues s. w. of its capital.

Chicahuaztla, another, a small settlement or
ward of the alcaldia mayor of Guachinango in the
same kingdom ; annexed to the curacy of that of
Tlaola.

CHICAMA, a large, fertile, and beautiful valley
of the province and corregimiento of Truxillo in
Peru. It was one of the most populous in the
times of the gentilisra of the Indians, owing to its
agreeable and benign temperature : is watered by
a river of its name, which divides it from that of
Chimu. In 1540, the friar Domingo de Santo
Tomas founded here a convent of his order, for
the instruction of the Indians, which immediately
was turned into a priory and a house for noviciates.
It is at present, however, fallen into decay, through
the ravages of time. This valley is six leagues
from the capital, to the n. in the road which leads
to the provinces of Quito, Sana, and Piura.

Chicama, a river of this province and corregi-
miento. It rises in the province of Guamachuco,
from two very lofty mountains, called Y ulcaguanca
and Yanaguanca, to the n. e . ; and waters and fer-


Translation

en Nueva España: es de temperamento templado, situado en un llano ameno y fértil de trigo, maiz y otras semillas, frutas y hortalizas: tiene 368 familias de Indios, 13 de Españoles, y un Convento de Religiosos de San Francisco, y está una legua al N de su Capital.

Tiene el mismo nombre con el aditamento de la Sal otro Pueblo Capital de su jurisdicción en el mismo Reyno, llamado así por las salinas que tenia áñtés, y de que hacían gran comercio sus habitantes, pero hoy está en suma decadencia, así porque ha abundado este género en otras Provincias, como porque los Indios se han aplicado mas al cultivo de la tierra y plantío de frutas y legumbres, de cuyo tráfico se mantienen: habitan en él 650 familias de Indios Mexicanos, y 40 de Españoles, Mestizos y Mulatos: tiene un Convento de Religiosos de San Agustín: la jurisdicción es tan reducida que solo tiene lf leguas de largo y 3 de ancho, escasa de comercio y de cortos fondos: sus habitantes sin otro recurso que. la cria de ganado menor en sus ranchos, pues apenas logran el que necesitan para su consumo, y no se les puede reputar por renglón de comercio: solo tiene otros dos pueblos, que son:
Huehetlán. Xicotlán.
está 45 leguas SE, al SO de México. Long. 275...40. lat.

CHIBACOA, Pueblo de la Provincia y Gobierno de Venezuela, situado a orilla de un río al O de la Villa de Nirua.

CHIBATA, Pueblo de la Provincia y Corregimiento de Tunja en el Nuevo Reyno de Granada, y Cabeza de Corregimiento de Indios: es de temperamento muy frío y ayroso, abundante de frutos, y particulármente de ganados, de cuyas lanas fabrican muchas mantas, ruanas frezadas, camisetas y otros texidos, tendrá 200 Indios, y está 8 leguas al NE de Tunja entre ésta y el Pueblo de Siachoque.

CHIBAI, Pueblo de la Provincia y Corregimiento de Collahuas en el Perú.

CHICA, Isla de la mar del N, una de las Lucayas, situada entre las de Siguate y de San Andrés: los Ingleses le dieron el nombre de Litle. que significa pequeña.

CHICABEE, Río] de la Provincia y Colonia de Masachusets, una de las quatro de la Nueva Inglaterra: corre al SO y entra en el de Connecticut.

CHICACHAE, Pueblo de la Provincia y Gobierno de la Luisiana o Carolina Meridional, en que tienen los Ingleses un fuerte y establecimiento para hacer el comercio con los Indios: está a orilla del río Sonlahove.

CHICACHAS, Pueblo de Indios de esta Nación, en el territorio asi llamado, donde tienen los Ingleses un establecimiento o factoría para el comercio.

CHICAGOU, Puerto de la Nueva Francia o Canadá en la Costa del O del lago Michigan.

Tiene el mismo nombre un río de la misma Provincia y Gobierno que corre al S, luego tuerce al NE y entra en el Puerto antecedente.

CHICAHOMINI, Río] de la Provincia y Colonia de Virginea: corre ah SE y entra torciendo su curso al S en el de Tames.

CHICAHUASCO, Pueblo de la Cabecera de Huipuxtla y Alcaldía mayor de Tepetango en Nueva España: tiene 72 familias de indios.

CHICAHUASTEPEC, San Miguel de, Pueblo de la Cabecera de Zoyaltepec y Alcaldía mayor de Yanguitlán: tiene 48 familias deludios, y está 10 leguas de su Cabecera.

CHICAHUAZTLA, San Andrés de, Pueblo y Cabecera de la Alcaldía mayor de Tepozcolula en la Provincia y Obispado de Oaxaca Reyno de Nueva España: es de temperamento frío, habitado de 332. familias de Indios, con los Pueblos o barrios de su distrito; y se mantienen del comercio que hacen de sus texidos de algodón a cambio de sal en la Costa de Xicayan: está 1 2 leguas entre Poniente y S de su Capital.

Tiene el mismo nombre otro Pueblo pequeño o barrio de la Alcaldía mayor de Guauchinango en el mismo Reyno, anexo al Curato del de Tlaola.

CHICAMA, Valle grande, fértil y hermoso, de la Provincia y Corregimiento de Truxillo en el Perú: era uno de los mas poblados de Indios en tiempo de su gentilidad por su agradable y benigno temperamento: riégalo un río de sú mismo nombre, que lo divide del de Chimu: en él fundo el año de 1540 Fray Domingo de Santo Tomas, del Orden de Predicadores, un Convento de su Orden para catequizar los Indios, que luego se hizo Priorato y Casa de Noviciado; pero hoy está qua5i destruido por la injuria de los tiempos: dista este valle 6 leguas de su Capital al N, en el camino que va a las Provincias de Quito, Saña y Piura.
Tiene el propio nombre un río de esta Provincia y Corregimiento: nace en la de Guamachuco de 2 montes muy altos llamados Yulcaguanca y Yanaguanca al N E: riega y

383

C H I

CHI 383

in Nueva Espana, is of a mild temperature ; si-
tuate in a pleasant and fertile plain, and one which
abounds in maize, wheat, and other seeds. It con-
tains S68 families of Indians, 13 of Spaniards, and
a convent of the religious order of St. Francis;
is one league n. of its capital,

Chiautla, with the addition of La Sal, an-
other settlement, the capital of its jurisdiction, in
the same kingdom, thus called from the salt mines
found in it formerly, and from which the inhabi-
tants used to derive a great commerce. At pre-
sent it is in a thorough state of decay, not only as
its trade has fallen off in the other provinces ; but
as the Indians have applied themselves rather to
the cultivation of the soil and the planting of fruits
and pulse, from the traffic of which they derive
their maintenance. It is inhabited by 650 families
of Mexican Indians, and 40 of Spaniards, J\/us~
iees, and Mulattoes. It contains a convent of the
religious order of St. Augustin. The jurisdiction
is so much reduced that it is not more than five
leagues in length and three in width, void of com-
merce, and has but a small revenue. Its inhabi-
tants, although they are somewhat given to the
breeding of small cattle, yet this must hardly be
considered with them a branch of commerce,
since they have scarcely enough of these where-
with to support theiiiselves. It contains only two
other settlements, and these are,

Xicotlan, Huehetlan.

Forty-five leagues s. e. to the s. w. of Mexico.
CHIBACOA, a settlement of the province and
government of Venezuela ; situate on the shore of
a river to the w. of the town of Nirua.

CHIBATA, a settlement of the . province and
corregimiento of Tunja in the Nuevo Reyno de
Granada, and the head settlement of the corregi-
miento of Indies, is of a very cold and fresh tem-
perature, abounding in productions, and particu-
larly in cattle, from the fleeces and hides of which
are made quantities of blankets, linen cloths, and
other articles for garments. It may contain about
200 Indians, and it is eight leagues to the n. e.
of Tunja, lying between this latter place and the
settlement of Siachoque.

CHIBAI, a settlement of the province and
corregimiento of Collahuas in Peru.

CHICA, an island of the N. sea, one of the
Lucayas ; situate between the islands Siguate and
St. Andrew. The English gave it the name of
Little.

CHICACHAE, a settlement of the province and
government of Louisiana or S. Carolina, in which
the English have a fort and establishment to carry

on commerce with the Indians, is situated on the
shore of the river Sonlahove.

CHICACHAS, a settlement of Indians of this
nation, in the territory thus called, where the Eng-
lish have an establishment or factory for com-
merce.

CHICAGOU, a port of Canada, on the w. side
of the lake Michigan.

Chicagou, a river of the same province and
government, which runs s. then ?i. e. and enters
the former port.

CHICAHOMINI, a river of the province and
colony of Virginia, runs s.e. and turning its
course to the s. enters the Thames.

CHICAHUASCO, a settlement of the head settle-
ment of Huipuxtla, and alcaldia mayor of Tepe-
tango, in Nueva Espana, contains 72 families of
Indians.

CHICAHUASTEPEC, San Miguel de, a
settlement of the head settlement of Zoyaltepec, and
alcaldia mayor of Yanguitlan. It contains 48 fa-
milies of Indians, and is 10 leagues from its head
settlement.

CHICAHUAZTLA, San Andres de, a settle-
ment and head settlement of the alcaldia mayor of
Tepozcolula, in the province and bishopric of
Oaxaca, in the kingdom of Nueva Espana, is of
a cold temperature, inhabited by 332 families of
Indians, including those of the settlements or wards
of its district, and they maintain themselves by
bartering cotton garments for salt on the coast of
Xicayan ; 12 leagues s. w. of its capital.

Chicahuaztla, another, a small settlement or
ward of the alcaldia mayor of Guachinango in the
same kingdom ; annexed to the curacy of that of
Tlaola.

CHICAMA, a large, fertile, and beautiful valley
of the province and corregimiento of Truxillo in
Peru. It was one of the most populous in the
times of the gentilisra of the Indians, owing to its
agreeable and benign temperature : is watered by
a river of its name, which divides it from that of
Chimu. In 1540, the friar Domingo de Santo
Tomas founded here a convent of his order, for
the instruction of the Indians, which immediately
was turned into a priory and a house for noviciates.
It is at present, however, fallen into decay, through
the ravages of time. This valley is six leagues
from the capital, to the n. in the road which leads
to the provinces of Quito, Sana, and Piura.

Chicama, a river of this province and corregi-
miento. It rises in the province of Guamachuco,
from two very lofty mountains, called Y ulcaguanca
and Yanaguanca, to the n. e . ; and waters and fer-


Translation