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360

C H A

either in the service of the United States during
the war, or fled to them for protection. The in
digence or ill habits of these people occasioned the
breaking up of the settlement, and a better sort of
inhabitants have now taken their place. The lands
are fertile, and two rivers run through it, well
stored with fish. It has 575 inhabitants, and three
slaves. By the state census of 1796, 76 of the in
habitants are electors.)

CHAMPLAIN, a lake of the same province, of
more than 20 leagues in length, and from 10 to
12 in width, abounding in excellent fish. It was
discovered in 1609 by a French gentleman of tlie
name of Champlain, who gave it his name, which
it still retains. It communicates with a smaller
lake called Sacrament, and the canal passing from
one side to the other of these is extremely rapidand
dangerous, from the inequality of its bottom. At
the distance of 25 leagues to the s, are some very
lofty mountains, which are covered with snow, and
in which are found castors and a variety 'of ani
mals of the chase; and between these mountains
and the aforesaid lake are some beautiful level
meadows or llanuras^ which, when first discover
ed, were well peopled with Iroquees Indians ; but
these have greatly diminished in numbers, through
the continual wars Avith the French and English.
[This lake is next in size to lake Ontario, and lies
e. n. €. from it, forming a part of the dividing line
between the states of New York and Vermont. It
took its name from a French governor, who was
drowned in it; it was before called Corlaer’s lake.
Reckoning its length from Fairhaven to St.John’s,
a course nearly n. it is about 200 miles ; its breadth
is from one to 18 miles, being very different in diffe
rent places ; the mean width is about five miles, and
it occupies about 500,000 acres ; its depth is suf
ficient for the largest vessels. There are in it above
sixty islands of different sizes : the most consider
able are North and South Hero and Motte island.
North Hero, or Grand isle, is 24 miles long, and
from two to four wide. It receives at Ticonderoga
the waters of lake George from the s. s. w. which
is said to be 100 feet higher than the waters of this
lake. Half the rivers and streams which rise in
Vermont fall into it. There are several which come
to it from New York state, and some from Cana
da ; to which last it sends its own waters a n.
course, through Sorell or Chamblee river, into the
St. Lawrence. This lake is well stored with fish,
particularly salmon, salmon trout, sturgeon, and
pickerel, and the land on its borders, and on the
banks of its rivers, is good. The rocks in several
places appear to be marked and stained with the
former surface of the lake, many feet higher than

C H A

it has been since its discovery in 160S. The wa
ters generally rise from about the 20th of April to
the 20th of June, from four to six feet ; the great
est variation is not more than eight feet. It is sel
dom entirely shut up Avith ice until the middle of
January, Between the 6th and 15th of April the
ice generally goes off, and it is not uncomtiAon for
many square miles of it to disappear in one day.]

CHAMPLE, a large unpeopled tract of the
province of Taraumara, and kingdom of Nueva
Vizcaya, in which there is a mountain abounding
greatly in silver mines. Here is also a mission
Avhicli Avas established by the regulars of the com
pany for the reduction of the natives : is 12
leagues n. e. of the town of Santa Eulalia.

CHAMPOTON, a river of the province and
government of Jucatan. It runs into the sea near
the lake of Tenninas.

CHAMUINA, a river of the province and go
vernment of Costarica in the kingdom of Guate
mala. It empties itself into the S. sea near the li
mits of this jurisdiction, and of that of Chiriqui in
the kingdom of Tierra Firme.

CHAMULA, a settlement of the province and
alcaldía mayor of Chiapa in the kingdom of Gua
temala.

CHANAR-PUGIO, a settlement of the province
and government of Tucumán, in the district and
jurisdiction of the city of Santiago del Estero, and
eight leagues from the same.

CHANCAILLO, a small port of the S. sea, in
the province and corregimiento of Chancay, to
the n. of Lima ; little frequented, from lying ex
posed, and being insecure. In lat. 12° 3' 5.

CHANCAY, a province and corregimiento of
the kingdom of Peru ; bounded n. by that of San
ta ; n. e. and n. by that of Caxatambo ; e. by that
of Cauta; and s. by the corregimiento of Cercado.
It is 27 leagues in length from n. to s. and the
same in width e. w. and has on its coast some ports
and creeks not remarkable for their security. It
comprehends in its district two territories, one of
a cold temperature toAvards the cordillera, called
De los Checras; and another of a warm tempera
ture, lying in the valleys towards the sea, called
De Chancay. It is irrigated by two rivers, one
on the s. side, called Pasamayo, and the other
Huama, on the n. The latter has an arched bridge,
which was built in the time of the viceroy, the
Marquis de Montes Claros, the buttresses of which
are two rocks, through which the river passes.
On the e. and in the cold part of this province,
are found the productions peculiar to the cli
mate, such as papas, ocas, and some wheat and
maize. Here are also cattle, ot the fleeces of which

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