359

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C H A

C H A

359

(country of the Iroquees Indians. It is handsome
and well built, on the margin of the river of the
same name, about 12 or 15 miles s. w. from Mont-
real, and n. of St. John’s fort. It was taken by
the Americans, Oct. 20, 1775, and retaken by the
British, Jan. 18, 1776. Lat. 45° 26' w.)

CHAMBO, a settlement of the province and
corregimiento of Riobamba in the kingdom of
Quito.

Chambo, a very large river, which rises near
the former settlement, and runs with such rapidity
that it cannot be forded ; is consequently passed
over by means of various bridges made of osiers.

CHAME, a settlement of the alcaldia mayor
of Natá in the province and kingdom of Tierra
Firme ; situate near a river, and two leagues from
the coast of the S. sea. It produces maize, plan-
tains, and other fruits ; swine, fowl, turkeys, and
other birds, with which it supplies, by means of
canoes, the markets of the city of Panama, from
whence it is nine leagues distant.

CHAMELUCON, or Chamaleton, a river of
the province and government of Honduras. It
runs n. and enters the sea in the gulf of this name,
between La Caldera and the river Ulua.

CHAMETLA, a settlement of the alcaldia
mayor of Guajuaha in Nueva España. It con-
tains ISO families of Indians.

CHAMETLAN, a province and alcaldia mayor
of Nueva España, also called Del Rosario ; bound-
ed n. by the province of Culiacan, s. by that of Xa-
lisco or Sentipac, e. and n. e. by that of Zacate-
cas and Nueva Galicia, and w. by the S. sea ; is
30 leagues long from e. to w. and 25 wide n. s. ;
is of, a very hot temperature, and the greater part
of it is a mountainous and rugged country, abound-
ing in. noxious animals and insects, and on this
account uninhabitable in the summer and in the
rainy season. It was conquered by Don Juan de
Ibarra in 1554, has many mines of silver and gold,
which were formerly worked, but which at present
are all abandoned, as well from their having filled
with water, as from the scantiness of the means of
the inhabitants to work them. The royal mines,
however, are productive of some emolument, and
are in fafct the support of the place. It produces
some maize, and much tobacco , and cotton, to
which article the soil is exactly suited, though not
so to wheat, which yields here but sparingly. On
the banks of the lakes formed by the sea, is left a
thick incrustation of salt in the month of April ;
and although the inhabitants spare no pains to col-
lect this valuable commodity, yet abundance of it
is lost from the Avant of hands to collect it ere the
heats come on, when it very quickly disappears.

Some large cattle are bred here. It is very badly
peopled, or, to speak more truly, it is as it were
desert, having only three settlements and some
estates. It is irrigated by a river which flows
down from the sierra Madre, and passes through
the capital, the waters of which are made useful
for the working of the mines. The same river enters
the sea two leagues from the settlement of Chamet-
lan, and has abundance of fish, which are caught
with ease, as well upon its shores as in marshes
which it forms. Tlie capital, which is the resi-
dence of the alcalde mayor, is the real del Ro-
sario.

Chametlan, a settlement of the former alcaldía
mayor
; from thence taking its name. It contains
only five or six Indians, and some Spaniards, Mus-
tees, and Mulattoes, who, the greater part of the
year, live in the estates which they have for the
breeding of large cattle, and on the farms for the
cultivation of maize and cotton.

CHAMESA, a settlement of the province and
corregimiento of Tunja in the Nuevo Reyno de
Granada ; annexed to the curacy of Nopsa. It
is of a cold temperature, and produces the fruits
corresponding to such a climate, particularly
wheat, which is of the best quality. It contains
100 Avhite inhabitants, and as many Indians, and
is a little more than eight leagues from its ca-
pital.

CHAMI, San Juan de, a settlement of the
province and government of Chocó ; situate in the
district of Thatama, near the ruins of the city of
San Juan de Rodas, to the w. of the city of San-
tiago de Arma.

CHAMIANOS, a settlement of the province
and government of Mainas in the kingdom of
Quito; situate on the shore of the river Gual-
laga.

CHAMICUROS, S. Francisco Xavier de,
a settlement of the missions which were held by the
regulars of the company of Jesuits, in the province
and government of Mainas, of the kingdom of
Quito ; founded in 1670 by the Father Lorenzo
Lucero. '

CHAMILPA, San Lorenzo de, a settlement
of the head settlement and alcaldia mayor of Cuer-
navaca
in Nueva España.

CHAMPANCHIN, Sierra de, a chain of
mountains in the province and government of Tu-
cumán
, running s, s.e. on the shore of the river
Quarto.

(CHAMPLAIN,a township, the most n. in Clin-
ton
county, New York, which takes its name from
the lake on which it lies. It was granted to some
Canadian and Nova Scotia refugees, who were

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