place on the 12th of January 1809 ; the English
in this brave contest having been commanded by
Lieutenant-colonel Marques, and Captain Yeo.J
Besides the capital tliere are in this island the
towns of Armire, inhabited by Jews, as likewise
those of Matuiri, Matahuri, Courrou, and Cona
nama, inhabited by French, Negroes, Mustees, and
Mulattoes ; but few by Indians, these living for the
most part retired in the mountains and Avoods to
the s. These towns were converted to the faith by
the society of the Jesuits, who had here established
a mission, Avhich afterwards fell to decay.
(The province of Cayenne is bounded on the n.
by the Dutch colony of Surinam; w. by tlie woods
and mountains inhabited by barbarians, and s. by
the country of the Portuguese on the borders of the
Maranon.) The principal rivers which water it,
and which empty themselves into the Atlantic
ocean, are the Cabo, Apurvaca, Cayenne, Vuya,
and Barca. Its chief commerce is in sugar, Avhich
is manufactured in various mills by the Negroes.
(In 1752 the exports of the colony were 260,541 lbs.
of arnotto, 80,365 lbs. sugar, 17,919 lbs. cotton,
26,881 lbs. coffee, 91,916 lbs. cacao, beside timber
Cayenne, the capital of the above island, is
small, well built, and populous. It is at the n.
point of the island, at the foot of the castle of San
ljuis, and defended by two other redoubts, the one
called Courrow, and the other Sinarari, with a
handsome, convenient, and large port ; the greater
part of the houses, which amount to about 200, are
built of wood. Besides the parish called San Sal
vador, there is a fine one which belonged to the Je
suits, as also an excellent house for the governor.
The form of the city is an irregular hexagon, well
fortified ; in Lat. 5“ n. Long. 52° 16' w.
Cayenne, a river of the above province, (which
rises in the mountains near the lake of Parime, runs
through the country of the Galibis, a nation of
Caribe Indians, and is 100 leagues long; the
island which it environs being 18 leagues in circuit.)
CAYETANO, San , a settlement of the province
and government of Cartagena in the kingdom of
Tierra Firme ; situate on the mountain of the di
vision of Maria ; six leagues to the n. n. e. of the
swamp which takes the name of this town. It is
one of those new establishments founded in the year
1776 by the Governor Don Juan Pimienia.
Indians, on the banks of a river between the settle
ments of San Louis, and San Francisco Xavier.
(CAYLOMA, a jurisdiction under the bishop of
Arequipa, 32 leagues e. of that city, in S. America,
in Peru, famous for the silver mines in the moun
tains of the same name, which are very rich,
though they have been worked for a long time.
The country round it is cold and barren. There
is an office here for receiving the king’s fifths and
vending quicksilver. See Cailloma.)
(CAYMANS, three small islands, 55 leagues
n. n. w. of the island of Jamaica, in the West Indies
the most s. of which is called the Great Caymans,
which is inhabited by 160 people, who are descend
ants of the old Buccaniers. It has no harbour for
ships of burden, only a tolerable anchoring place
on the s. w. The climate and soil are singularly
salubrious, and the people are vigorous, and com
monly live to a great age. 'I'hey raise all kinds of
produce for their own use and to spare. Their
chief employment is to pilot vessels to the adjacent
islands, and to fish for turtle ; with w hich last they
supply Port Royal and other places in great quan
tities. Great Caymans lies in Lat. 19° 15' n. Long.
81° 33' w.)
(CAYUGA, a beautiful lake in Onondaga,
county, Ncav York, from 35 to 40 miles long,
about two miles wide, in some places three, and
abounds with salmon, bass, cat-fish, eels, &c. It
lies between Seneca and Owasco lake, and at the n.
end empties into Scayace river, which is the 5 . e.
part of Seneca river, Avhose waters run to lake On
tario. On each side of the lake is a ferry-house,
where good attendance is given. The reservation
lands of the Cayuga Indians lie on both sides of the
lake, at its n. end.)
CAZERES, San Augustin de, or San Martin
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