A I A
AIAPANGO, the head settlement of the district
of the akaldia mayor of Chaleo in Nueva Es
pana. It contains 100 families of Indians, and is
annexed to the curacy of Amecaraeca, at two
leagues to the s. of its capital.
AIAPATA, a settlement of the province and
corregimiento of Carabaya in Peru, and very
opulent, on account of its silver mines. The sands
on the banks of the rivers here have been known so
richly impregnated with this metal, that lumps of
it have been at different times picked up. It is the
most considerable population in the province, and
the temperature is so salutary, that it is very com
mon to meet with persons of 90 years of age, and
many also of 100.
AIAPEL, a town of the province and govern
ment of Antioquia, in the new kingdom of Gra
nada, situate on the bank of a large lake or swamp
of the same name, and which is formed from the
waters of the rivers Cauca, San Jorge, and others.
In its district are the lavaderos, or washing places
for gold, of La Cruz, San Mateo, Thuansi, Can,
Ure, Man, San Pedro, and La Soledad.
AIATASTO, a large river of the province and
government of Tucuman, in the district and juris
diction of the city of Salta, on the banks of which
are some pasture grounds of the same name, upon
which are fed 40,000 head of neat cattle, and 6000
of horses for breeding.
AIAUIRI, a settlement of the province and cor
regimiento of Lamoa in Peru. In its vicinity are
some forts, which were built by the Indians in the
time of their gentilism, and now in a state of great
dilapidation. There is a lake of warm water here,
the bottom of which has never yet been found.
The water always keeps at one height, so that it is
presumed that it finds its way out through some
subterraneous channel. There is also another warm
water spring at two leagues distance, which is very
noxious, and, as it runs, has the property of petri
fying, in like manner as the spring of water in
AIAUTLA, a settlement of the head settlement
of the district of the alcaldia mayor of Teutila in
Nueva España, of a warm temperature, and inha
bited by 100 Indian families, who support them
selves by cultivating and selling the vaynilla plant.
Nine leagues s. of its capital.
AICAROPA, a small river Of the province and
government of Guayana, or Nueva Andalucia. It
rises in the country of the Armocotos Indians, runs
from e. to w. with a slight inclination to the s. and
enters the Caura.
AIECTIPAC, a settlement of the head settle
ment of the district of Yxteapan, and alcaldia
mayor of Tlapa, in Nueva España. It contains
21 Indian families, and is three leagues e. of its
AIMARAEZ, a province and corregimiento of
Peru, bounded n. w. and w. by the province of
Andahuailas, of the bishopric of Guamanga, s. by
Parinacocha of the same, s. e. by Ghumbivilcas,
and e. by Cotabamba. It is 40 leagues in length
from «. to s. and 26 in width from e. to ti). includ
ing in its figure on the w. side the last mentioned
province. It js one of the most uneven soils in the
kingdom, being full of lofty sierras and snowy
mountains. It is on this account that its climate is
very cold, excepting, however, in some vallies,
where it is more temperate, and where, on some
small sloping grounds, the inhabitants sow seed and
grain, and cultivate fruit trees and cane plantations,
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