The geographical and historical dictionary of America and the West Indies [volume 1]
(CHICKASAW Bluff is on the e. bank of the Mississippi, witiiin the territories of the United States, in lat. 35 n. The Spaniards erected here a strong stockaded fort, with cannon, and furnished it with troops, all in the space of 24 hours, in the month of June 1795. It has since been given up, .according to the treaty of 1796.)
(Chickasaw, a creek which falls into the Wabash from the c. a little below Post St. Vincent.)
(Chickasaw, a river which empties into the Mississippi, on the e. side, 104 miles from the mouth of Margot, and 67 s. w. of Mine au Fer. Tlie lands here are of an excellent quality, and covered with a variety of useful timber, canes, &c. This river may be ascended during high floods upwards of SO miles with boats of several tons burden.)
(Chickasaws, a famous nation of Indians, who inhabit the country on the e. side of the Mississippi, on the head branches of the Tombigbee, Mobile, and Yazoo rivers, in the n. zo. corner of the state of Georgia, and n. of the country of the Chactaws. Their country is an extensive plain, tolerably well watered from springs, and of a pretty good soil. They have seven towns, the central one of which is in lat. 34° 23' «• long. 89° 30' w. The number of souls in this nation has been formerly reckoned at 1725, of which 575 were fighting men. There are some Negroes among the Chickasaws, who either were taken captive in war, or ran away from their masters, and sought safety among the Indians. In 1539, Ferdinand de Soto, with 900 men, besides seamen, sailed from Cuba with a design to conquer Florida. He travelled n. to the Chickasaw country, about lat. 35° or 36° ; and three years after died, and was buried on the bank of Mississipi river.)
Chico, a river of the province and government of Panamá in the kingdom of Tierra Firme. It rises in the mountains to the s. of the istmo, or isthmus, near the settlement of Chepo ; and runs s. ze. and enters the sea in the bay or gulf of Panama.
CHICOLAPA, a settlement of the head settlement, and alcaldla mayor of Coatepec, in Nueva Espana ; annexed to the curacy of its capital. It contains 187 families of Indians, who celebrate every Friday throughout the year a teanguis or fair, at which are sold cattle and other productions of the country. At these times it is a place of general rendezvous for the inhabitants of all the contiguous provinces ; and this fair has, from the great concourse of people usually assembling here, obtained the title of the famous teanguis of S. Vicente de Chicolapa. It is extremely fertile and pleasant, and surrounded by several very small settlements or wards.
CHICOMESUCHIL, a settlement and head settlement of tlie alcaldia mayor of Yxtepexi of the province and bishopric of Oaxaca in Nueva Espana, is of a hot temperature, and contains 300 families of Indians, who exercise themselves in the making scarlet cloths and cotton garments.
CHICOMOCELO, a settlement of the province and alcaldia mayor of Chiapa. in the kingdom of Guatemala ; [having a cave very narrow at the entry, but spacious within, with a stagnant lake, which is, however, clear, and is two fathoms deep towards the banks.]
CHICONAUTA, St. Tomas de, a settlement of the alcaldia mayor of Ecatepec in Nueva Espana; annexed to the curacy of its capital; from whence it is distant one league to the n. n. e. It contains 160 families of Indians.
CHICONCUAC, S. Miguel de, a settlement of the head settlement and alcaldia mayor of Tezcuco in Nueva Espana. It contains 123 families of Indians, and six of Spaniards. It produces a good proportion of grain, seeds, and cattte, from the fleeces of which they derive great emolument, as also from the coarse stuffs manufactured of the same. It is one league to the n. of its capital.
CHICONCUASO, a settlement of the head
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teopan, and alcaldia mayor of Zaqualpa. 11 contains 204 families of Indians.
Same name, another (settlement), the capital of the alcaldia mayor of the same kingdom ; the jurisdiction of which comprehends three head settlements of the district. It is of a moderate temperature, abounding in seeds and grain, which are cultivated in many estates of its territoiy ; and in these some cattle also are bred. It contains 340 families of Indians, 15 of Spaniards, and Mulattoes, with a good convent of monks of St. Domingo. Nine leagues to the no. of Mexico.
Same name , another (settlement), of the head settlement of Amatepec, and alcaldia mayor of Zultepec, in the same kingdom. It contains 20 families of Indians, who maintain themselves by breeding large cattle, and in sow ing some fruits and maize. Four leagues to the n. of its head settlement.
COATEPEQUE, S. Paulo de, a settlement of the head settlement of Zitaquaro, of the alcaldia mayor of Maravatio, in the bishopric of Mechoacan. It contains 179 families of Indians, and is one eighth of a league’s distance from its head settlement towards the s.
COATETELCO, S. Juan de, a settlement of the head settlement of Mazatepec, and alcaldia of Cuernavaca, in Nueva Espafia ; situate in a valley of a hot temperature. It contains 94 families of Mexican Indians, who pride themselves on their nobility, and suffer no other people to come and dwell among them. Here is a lake formed by the winter rains, in which are caught mojarras^ a fish much esteemed in Mexico.
COATINCHAN, a head settlement of the alcaldia mayor of the Puebla de los Angeles in Nueva Espana. It has, besides the parish church, a convent of monks of St. Francis, 324 families of Indians, and 50 of Spaniards, Mustees^ and Mulattoes, with those of the wards of its vicinity. Two leagues s. e. of its capital.
COATLAN, a settlement of the head settlement of Metlatlan, and alcaldia mayor of Papantla, in Nueva Espana. It contains 25 families of Indians, and is little more than three leagues to the s. w. of its head settlement.
COATLAN, San Pablo, another (settlement), with the dedicatory title of San Pablo, the head settlement of the district of the alcaldia mayor of Miahuatlau in the same kingdom, being of a mild temperature. It con-
tains 532 families of Indians, with those of its immediate wards, all of them employing thennselves in the cultivation of maize and other fruits ofthis region. It lies 12 leagues between the e. and s. of its capital.
Same name, another (settlement), the head settlement of the district of the alcaldia mayor of Nexapa a in the same kingdom. It has a convent of monks of St. Dcmiingo, and contains 114 families of Indians, employed in the cultivation and sale of grain and
It lies 12 leagues to the n. of
Same name, another (settlement), of the head settlement of Cozcatlan, and alcaldia mayor of Tasco, in the same kingdom. It contains 130 families of Indians, and lies three leagues to thee, of its capital.
COATLINCHAN, San Miguel de, a settlement of the alcaldia mayor of Tezcuco in Nueva Espana. It contains 218 families of Indians, including those of its immediate wards, and is one league to the s. of its capital.
COAUCAZINTLA, a settlement of the district and head settlement of Tlacolula, and alcaldia mayor of Xalapa, in Nueva Espana ; situate between three lofty mountains, and in the midst of others with which its territory is covered. It is of a mild temperature, the soil is tortile, but produces only maize and French beans, in which consists the commerce of the inhabitants. These are composed of 44 families of Indians. One league to the n. e. of its head settlement.
COAUTITLAN, the district and alcaldia mayor of Nueva España ; being one of the most fertile and rich territories, however inconsiderable in size, covered with cultivated grounds and estates, which produce quantities of maize, wheat barley, and other grain. It is a grand plainj watered by the river of its name, which traverses it, and runs from s. to n. It has a lake called Zumpango, close to the settlement of Coyotepec which filling itself from the waters of the river* empties itself into the lake Ecatepec. This jurisdiction contains the following settlements :
The capital of the same San Miguel de los Xa«
The capital, which is the residence of the alcaldia mayor., lies in the direct road from Mexico to the interior of the provinces, and upon this account 3 Q