443

OverviewTranscribeVersionsHelp

Here you can see all page revisions and compare the changes have been made in each revision. Left column shows the page title and transcription in the selected revision, right column shows what have been changed. Unchanged text is highlighted in white, deleted text is highlighted in red, and inserted text is highlighted in green color.

3 revisions
LLILAS Benson at Oct 22, 2018 03:48 PM

443

CHI

C H I

443

mines have as yet been discovered here. These
islands have some ports, but such as are small, in
secure, and without any defence, with the excep
tion of that of Chacao. The inhabitants should
amount to 22,000 souls, and these are divided
into 4 1 settlements or parishes, being formed by
the reducciones of the missionaries of St. Francis,
and consisting at the present day, for the most
part, of Spaniards and Creoles. The capital is the
city of Santiago de Castro, in the large island of
Chiloe. [For further account, see index to addi
tional history of Chile, chap. lY. § 35.]

CHILON, a settlement of the province and go
vernment of Santa Cruz de la Sierra in Peru ;
situate in a valley which is beautiful and fertile,
and which abounds in wheat. Twenty-eight leagues
from the settlement of Samaypata.

CHILOSTUTA, a settlement of the province
and alcaldia mayor of Zedales in the kingdom of
Guatemala.

CHILPANSINGO, a
settlement of the intendancy of Mexico, surrounded
with fertile fields of wheat. Elevation 1080 me
tres, or 3542 feet.

CHILQUES Y MASQUES, a province and
corregimiento of Peru, bounded by the province
of Quispicanchi; s.e. by that of Churabivilcas ;
s. and s. w. by that of Cotabambas ; w. by that of
Abancay; and n. t®. by Cuzco. Its temperature
is various, the proportion of heat and cold being
regulated by its different degrees of elevation ; so
that in the quebradas or deep glens, it is warm,
and in the sierras or mountains, cold. It is 13
leagues in length, and 25 in width ; is watered by
three rivers, which are the Cusibamba, passing
through the valley of this name, the Velille, and
the Santo Tomas ; over these rivers are extended
seven bridges, which form a communication with
the other provinces. It has likewise eight small
lakes, and in some of these are found water-fowl.
The hot parts abound in all kinds of fruits ; in
wheat, maize, pulse, potatoes, and are well stocked
with some sorts of cattle, and great herds of deer.
Its natives fabricate the manufactures of the coun
try ; such as cloths, baizes, and coarse frieze, by
means of chorillos, or running streams, as they
have no mills for fulling, since a royal licence is
necessary for the making use of the same. Al
though the appearance of mines has in many
places been discovered amongst the mountains,
yet no mines have as yet been worked, and two
only have been known to have been opened in
former times. This province has suffered much
from earthquakes ; and the greatest of these hap
pened in 1707, when many settlements were made
desolate. It is composed of 27 settlements, and
these contain 16,000 inhabitants. The capital is
Paruro ; and the repariimiento of the corregimiento
used to amount to 84,550 dollars, and the alcamla
The other settlements are.

to 676 dollars per ann.
Colcha,

Araipalpa,

San Lorenzo,
Parapacucho,

Ceapa,

Cuchirihuay,

Tucuyachi,

Coron,

Pacopata,

Aicha-Urinzaba,

Pilpinto,

Huayaconga,

Accha-Amansaia,

Parco,

Pocoray,

Hanoquite,

Corea,

Paucartarnbo,

Amacha,

Antapalpa,

Quilli,

Acca,

Vilque,

Capi,

Cavabamba,

Huancahuanca,

Yaurisque.

Same name, another settlement of the province
and corregimiento of Lucanas in the same king
dom ; annexed to the curacy of Pucquin.

CHILTAL, a settlement of the province and
corregimiento of Atacames or Esmeraldas in the
kingdom of Quito ; situate in the valley of Chota,
on the shore of the river Mira.

CHILTEPEC, a settlement of the head settle
ment of Tepalcatepcec in Nueva Espana. Its tem
perature is the mildest of any part of its jurisdic
tion. It is situate in the middle of a plain, ex
tending over the top of a hill, on two sides of
which are large chasms, so immensely deep, that
it is really astonishing to observe how the Indians
contrive to cultivate the impoleras on their edges.
It contains 67 families of Indians, and is five leagues
to thes. of its head settlement.

Same name, a river of the province and alcal
diamayor of Tabasco, which runs into the sea.

CHILUA, San Marcos de, a settlement of
the province and corregimiento of Huanta in Peru ;
annexed to the Curacy of Huamanguilla.

CHIMA, a mountain of the kingdom of Quito,
in the government and corregimiento of Chirnbo
or Guaranda, to tire zo. of the settlement of Asan
coto. It is entirely covered with woods and with
streams, which flow down from the heights into
the plains of Babahoyo. The river named De la
Chima runs from e. tow. until it joins the Caracol.
A way has been opened through this mountain
which leads to Guaranda or Guayaquil ; but it is
passable in the summer only. There is also an
other pass equally difficult and dangerous, called
Angas. The cold is great at the top of the moun
tain, and at the skirts the heat is excessive, it i.s
in lat. 44' s.

3 L 2


Translation

aunque no se ha encontrado hasta ahora mineral alguno: tienen algunos puertos; pero pequeños, poco seguros y sin defensa, a excepción del del Chacao: los habitantes serán 2 20 almas, repartidos en 41 Pueblos o Capillas, congregados y reducidos por los Religiosos Misioneros de San Francisco, y hoy son la mayor parte Españoles o Criollos: la Capital es la Ciudad de Santiago de Castro en la Isla grande o Chiloé.

CHILON, Pueblo de la Provincia y Gobierno de Santa Cruz de la Sierra en el Perú, situado en, un hermoso valle,íertrí y abu nadante de trigo; está 28 leguas del Pueblo de Samay-

CHILOSTUTA, Pueblo de la Provincia y Alcaldía nuyor de Zedales en el Reyno de Goatemala.

CHILQUES, y Masques, Provincia y Corregimiento del Perú: confina por el E con la de Quispicanchi, por el SE con la de Chumbivilcas, por el S y SO con la de Cotabambas, por el O con la de Abancay, y por el N con el Cuzco: su temperamento es vario, según los lugares altos o de quebradas mas 6 menos caliente, y en las siorras frío: tiene 13 leguas de largo y 25 de ancho: riéganla 3 rios, que son el de Cusibamba, que pasa por el valle de este nombre; el de Velille y él de Santo Tomas, en los quales hay 7 puentes para la comunicación con las demás Provincias: tiene 8 lagunas pequeñas, en algunas de las quales se crian páxaros : en los parages cálidos hay todo género de frutas y se cria trigo, maiz, legumbres, papas, algún ganado y muchos venados: fabrican sus naturales ropa de la tierra como pañetes, bayetas, jergas, en sus batanes y chorrillos, éstos se diferencian de aquellos en que no tienen molinos de batan, porque es necesario licencia 1 real: aunque en uno u otro cerro se hallan señales de minas, hoy no se trabaja ninguna, y solo se tiene noticia de haberse trabajado dos en otros tiempos; ha padecido esta Provincia muchos terremotos, y el mayor el año de 1707, en que se asolaron muchos Pueblos: tiene 27 que contienen 160 habitantes: la Capital es Paruro, y su Corregimiento tenia de repartimiento, 840, 50 pesos, pagando de alcavala cada año 676, los demás Pueblos son;
Colcha.
Araipalpa.
San Lorenzo.
Pampacucho.
Ceapa.
Cuchirihuay.
Tucuyachi.
Coron.
Pacópata.
Accha-Urinzaba.
Huayaconga.
Pilpinto.
Accha-Amansaia.
Parco.
Pocoray.
Huanoquite.
Corca. Paucartambo.
Omacha.
Antapalpa.
Quilli.
Acca.
Vilque.
Capi.
Cayabamba.
Huancahuanca.
Yaurisque.

CHILTAL, Pueblo de la Provincia y Corregimiento de Atacames o Esmeraldas en el Reyno de Quito, situado en. el. Valle de Chota a orilla del río Mira.

CHILTEPEC, Pueblo de la Cabecera de Tepalcatepec y Alcaldía mayor de Nejapa en Nueva España: es el temperamento mas templado de toda la jurisdicción, situado en medio de una loma, desde la qual se registran, dos barrancas una a cada lado, tan profundas que causa admiración ver como los Indios cultivan en ellas las nopales tiene 67 familias de Indios, y está 5 leguas al S de su Cabecera.

Tiene el mismo nombre un río de la Provincia y Alcaldía mayor de Tabasco que desagua al mar.

CHILUA, San Marcos de, Pueblo de la Provincia y Corregimiento de Huanta en el Perú, anaxo al Curato de Huamanguilla.

CHIMA, Montaña del Reyno de Quito en el Gobierno y Provincia y Corregimiento de Chimbo o Guaranda, al Poniente del Pueblo de Asancoto: está toda cubierta de bosques y de arroyos que baxan de lo alto a las llanuras de Babahoyo: el río llamado de la Chima corre de Levante a Poniente hasta unirse con el dd Caracol: por esta montaña se ha abierto uncamino para baxar de Guaranda a Guayaquil, pero solo es practicable en el verano, y aun así es muy malo y peligroso el paso que llaman Angas: en la cima del monte hace mucho frío, y en la falda excesivo calor: está en 44 min. de lat. aust.

443

CHI

C H I

443

mines have as yet been discovered here. These
islands have some ports, but such as are small, in
secure, and without any defence, with the excep
tion of that of Chacao. The inhabitants should
amount to 22,000 souls, and these are divided
into 4 1 settlements or parishes, being formed by
the reducciones of the missionaries of St. Francis,
and consisting at the present day, for the most
part, of Spaniards and Creoles. The capital is the
city of Santiago de Castro, in the large island of
Chiloe. [For further account, see index to addi
tional history of Chile, chap. lY. § 35.]

CHILON, a settlement of the province and go
vernment of Santa Cruz de la Sierra in Peru ;
situate in a valley which is beautiful and fertile,
and which abounds in wheat. Twenty-eight leagues
from the settlement of Samaypata.

CHILOSTUTA, a settlement of the province
and alcaldia mayor of Zedales in the kingdom of
Guatemala.

CHILPANSINGO, a
settlement of the intendancy of Mexico, surrounded
with fertile fields of wheat. Elevation 1080 me
tres, or 3542 feet.

CHILQUES Y MASQUES, a province and
corregimiento of Peru, bounded by the province
of Quispicanchi; s.e. by that of Churabivilcas ;
s. and s. w. by that of Cotabambas ; w. by that of
Abancay; and n. t®. by Cuzco. Its temperature
is various, the proportion of heat and cold being
regulated by its different degrees of elevation ; so
that in the quebradas or deep glens, it is warm,
and in the sierras or mountains, cold. It is 13
leagues in length, and 25 in width ; is watered by
three rivers, which are the Cusibamba, passing
through the valley of this name, the Velille, and
the Santo Tomas ; over these rivers are extended
seven bridges, which form a communication with
the other provinces. It has likewise eight small
lakes, and in some of these are found water-fowl.
The hot parts abound in all kinds of fruits ; in
wheat, maize, pulse, potatoes, and are well stocked
with some sorts of cattle, and great herds of deer.
Its natives fabricate the manufactures of the coun
try ; such as cloths, baizes, and coarse frieze, by
means of chorillos, or running streams, as they
have no mills for fulling, since a royal licence is
necessary for the making use of the same. Al
though the appearance of mines has in many
places been discovered amongst the mountains,
yet no mines have as yet been worked, and two
only have been known to have been opened in
former times. This province has suffered much
from earthquakes ; and the greatest of these hap
pened in 1707, when many settlements were made
desolate. It is composed of 27 settlements, and
these contain 16,000 inhabitants. The capital is
Paruro ; and the repariimiento of the corregimiento
used to amount to 84,550 dollars, and the alcamla
The other settlements are.

to 676 dollars per ann.
Colcha,

Araipalpa,

San Lorenzo,
Parapacucho,

Ceapa,

Cuchirihuay,

Tucuyachi,

Coron,

Pacopata,

Aicha-Urinzaba,

Pilpinto,

Huayaconga,

Accha-Amansaia,

Parco,

Pocoray,

Hanoquite,

Corea,

Paucartarnbo,

Amacha,

Antapalpa,

Quilli,

Acca,

Vilque,

Capi,

Cavabamba,

Huancahuanca,

Yaurisque.

Same name, another settlement of the province
and corregimiento of Lucanas in the same king
dom ; annexed to the curacy of Pucquin.

CHILTAL, a settlement of the province and
corregimiento of Atacames or Esmeraldas in the
kingdom of Quito ; situate in the valley of Chota,
on the shore of the river Mira.

CHILTEPEC, a settlement of the head settle
ment of Tepalcatepcec in Nueva Espana. Its tem
perature is the mildest of any part of its jurisdic
tion. It is situate in the middle of a plain, ex
tending over the top of a hill, on two sides of
which are large chasms, so immensely deep, that
it is really astonishing to observe how the Indians
contrive to cultivate the impoleras on their edges.
It contains 67 families of Indians, and is five leagues
to thes. of its head settlement.

Same name, a river of the province and alcal
diamayor of Tabasco, which runs into the sea.

CHILUA, San Marcos de, a settlement of
the province and corregimiento of Huanta in Peru ;
annexed to the Curacy of Huamanguilla.

CHIMA, a mountain of the kingdom of Quito,
in the government and corregimiento of Chirnbo
or Guaranda, to tire zo. of the settlement of Asan
coto. It is entirely covered with woods and with
streams, which flow down from the heights into
the plains of Babahoyo. The river named De la
Chima runs from e. tow. until it joins the Caracol.
A way has been opened through this mountain
which leads to Guaranda or Guayaquil ; but it is
passable in the summer only. There is also an
other pass equally difficult and dangerous, called
Angas. The cold is great at the top of the moun
tain, and at the skirts the heat is excessive, it i.s
in lat. 44' s.

3 L 2


Translation