325

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kmr3934 at Oct 19, 2018 05:32 PM

325

CARTAGENA.

325

The antidote, however, is oil taken in abundance
internally, and applied outwardly. Neither wheat
nor barley are known here, but the place abounds
in maize and rice, of which they make cakes, and
which are the common bread of the natives, and
more particularly so that called cazave^ being a
sort of cake made of the root yiica^ name, or mo
niato. There are also a great number of cotton
trees. The arms of this city are a green cross
upon a gold ground, with a lion rampant on
each side. It was sacked in 1593 by Robert
Baal, a pirate ; in 1583, by Sir Francis Drake, 23
years from the time of its being fortified, and not
from its foundation, as according to Mr. La Ma
tiniere ; again iti 1695, by Mr. Ducase, assisted by
the adventurers or fiibustiers, who completely pil
laged it : but a great sensation having been caused
amongst the inhabitants at the loss of a superb se
pulchre made of silver, in which it rvas usual on
a good Friday to deposit the eucharist, they had
the good fortune to obtain its restitution through
the interest and favour of Louis XI F. The
English, under the command of Admiral Vernon
and Sir Charles Ogle, besieged this city in 1740,
when, although its castles were destroyed, and
it was completely besieged, it would not surren
der, being gloriously defended by the viceroy
Don Sebastian de Esiava, and Don Bias de Lezo,
who caused the English to abandon the enterprise
with precipitancy and with great loss. [For this
conduct on the part of the English, several reasons
were assigned besides the strength of the place ;
namely, the mortality among the troops, want
of skill in the commanders, and certain ditferences
between the admiral and the general. The forti
fications which they demolished have since been
repaired.] It is the only part of all America where
there is etfective coin of a fourth part of a real in
silver. Its inhabitants amount to 9160 souls in
communion. It has been the native place of many
celebrated persons, such are,

Don Augustin Samiento de Sotomayor, of the or
der of Santiago, viscount of Portillo.

Don Andres de la Vega, professor at Salamanca,
a famous lawyer.

Fray Carlos de Melgarejo, a religious Domini
can, an excellent preacher, and a man of unble
mished life.

Don Caspar de Cuba and Arce, head collegiate
of San Marcos de Lima, oidor of Chile.

Don Gonzalo de Herrera, Marquis of Villalta,
governor of Antioquia.

Don Gregorio Castellar y Mantilla, governor of
Cumana, and general of the armada of the guard
of the coasts of Cartagena.

Don Joseph de Paredes, captain of infantry,
knight of the order of Santiago.

Fray Joseph Pacheco, of the order of St. Au
gustin, master, visitor, and vicar-general i:i his pro
vince of the Nuevo Reyno.

The Father Joseph de Urbina, of the extin
guished company, rector of the college of Santa
Fe.

Don.Iuan Fernandez Rosillo, dean of the church
of his country, bishop of V^erapez and of Mecho
acan .

Fray Juan Pereyra, a religious Dominican.

Don Lope Duke Estrada, kiiight of the order of
Santiago.

It is in long. 75° 24' and lat. 10° 25' n. [For
account of the present revolutions, see Vene
zuela.]

Bishops who have presided in Cartagena.

1. Don Fray Tomas del Toro, a monk of the
order of St. Domingo, elected the . first bishop in
1532; but being at Talavera, his country, at the
time, he unfortunately died before he was conse
crated.

2. Don Fray Geronimo de Loaisa, a Dominican
monk, renowned for his virtue and talent, and for
his experience in Indian affairs ; he was elected in
the room of the former, was consecrated at Valla
dolid, and there he erected the church into a ca
thedral in 1538, the same year in which he entered
Cartagena ; from hence he was promoted to the
archbishopric of Lima in 1542.

3. Don Fray Francisco de Santa Maria y Bena
vides, of the order of St. Gerome, of the illustrious
family of the Marquises of Fromesta ; serving at
that time the Emperor in Flanders, he took to a
religious life, and was elected bishop of Cartagena
in 1543. The city, in his time, was plundered by
two pirates, lieaded by the Spanisli pilot Alonso
Vexines, who cominitted thisactout of revenge for
a flogging he had received ; they also ill-treated
the venerable prelate, who had the additional griev
ance, in the year L551, of witnessing the city in
flames. In 1554 he was promoted to the church
of Modonedo in Galicia, and was succeeded in
Cartagena by,

4. Don Fray Gregorio de Beteta, a Dominican
monk, brought up in the convent of Salamanca, and
one of the twenty who went to the Nuevo Reyno
de Gratiada, from whence he passed over to Mex
ico to convert the Indians, and afterwards with
the same object to the provinces of Santa Marta,
Uraba, ami Cartagena ; and being teacher ami
curate in one of his settlements, he received the
order of presentation to this bishopric in 1555 ;
although he endeavoured to decline the dignify,


Translation

El trigo ni la cebada no son conocidos allí, y abunda en su lugar el maiz y el arroz, de que hacen bollos, y es el pan de la gente común, y mucho mas el de cazave, que son unas tortas hechas de raiz de yuca, de ñame o de moniato: tiene también una cantidad grande de árboles de algodón: esta Ciudad tiene por armas una cruz verde en campo de oro, y dos leones rapantes a los lados: fue saqueada el año de 1593 por el Corsario Roberto Baal, el de 1 583 por Francisco Drack 23 años después de haberse fortificado, y no de su fundación como dice Mr. la Martiniere, y el de 1695 por Mr. Ducase, auxiliado de los Aventureros o Flibustiers que robaron quánto había en ella; y habiendo hecho extraordinario sentimiento sus vecinos por el magnífico Sepulcro de plata que tenían para depositar el Viernes Santo el Cuerpo de Christo, mereció de la generosidad de Luis XTV. que se lo mandase restituir: los Ingleses a las órdenes del Almirante Wernon y del General Werabort la sitiaron el año de 1740, arruinando sus Castillos, y bombardeando la Ciudad sin poderla tomar porque la defendieron gloriosamente el Virey Don Sebastian de Eslava y Don Blas de Lezo, Tenientes Generales de mar y tierra, que les hicieron abandonar la empresa precipitadamente con mucha pérdida: es el único parage de América en que hay moneda efectiva de un quartillo de plata: su vecindase compone de 9.160 almas de comunión: ha sido patria de muchas personas célebres, como son:
Don Agustín Sarmiento de Sotomayor, del Orden de Santiago, Vizconde del Portillo.
Don Andrés de la Vega, Catedrático de Salamanca, ínsigne Jurista.
Fray Carlos de Melgarejo, Religioso Dominico, insigne Predicador y de vida muy ajustada.
Don Gaspar de Cuba y Arce, Colegial mayor de San Marcos de Lima, Oidor de Chile.
Don Gonzalo de Herrera, Marques de Villalta, Gobernador de Antioquía.
Don Gregorio Castellar y Mantilla, Gobernador de Cumaná y General de la Armada de la Guardia de las Costas de Cartagena.
Don Joseph de Paredes, Capitán de Infantería, Caballero del Orden de Santiago.
Fray Joseph Pacheco, del Orden de San Agustín, Maestro, Visitador y Vicario General en su Provincia del Nuevo Reyno.
El Padre Joseph de Urbma, de la extinguida Compañía, Rector del Colegio de Santa Fe.
Don Juan Fernandez Rosillo, Dean de la Iglesia de su patria, Obispo de Verapaz y de Mechoacán.
Fray Juan Pereyra, Religioso Dominico.
Don Lope Duque Estrada, Caballero del Orden de Santiago.
Está en 302 grad. 10 min. de y 10 grad. 30 min, de lat, bor.
OBISPOS QUE HA HABIDO en Cartagena.
1 Don Fray Tomás del Toro, Religioso del Orden de Santo Domingo, electo por primer Obispo el año de 1532; pero habiendo ido a Talavera su patria, murió allí antes de consagrarse.
2 Don Fray Gerónimo de Loaisa, Religioso Dominico, acreditado por su virtud, talento y experiencia que tenia de las Indias, fue electo en lugar del antecedente; se consagró en Valladolid, y erigió allí en Catedral su Iglesia el año de 1538 el mismo en que entró en Cartagena; de donde pasó promovido al Arzobispado de Lima el de 1542 .
3 Don Fray Francisco de Santa María y Benavides, del Orden de San Gerónimo en el Monasterio Real de Guadalupe, de la ilustre familia de los Marqueses de Fromesta; estando sirviendo al Emperador en Flandes, entró Religioso, y fue electo Obispo de Cartagena el año de 1543; en su tiempo saquearon dos Corsarios Franceses la Ciudad, conducidos del Piloto Español Alonso Vexines, en venganza de haberle dado azotes, y maltrataron al Obispo, que también tuvo la desgracia de un incendio en que se quemó la Ciudad el año de 1 5 5 1, y el de 1 5 5 4 salió promovido a la Iglesia de Mondoñedo en Galicia, succediéndole en Cartagena
4 Don Fray Gregorio de Beteta, Religioso Dominico, hijo del Convento de Salamanca, y uno de los veinte que fueron al nuevo Reyno de Granada, de donde pasó a México a la conversión de los Indios, y luego con el mismo destino a las Provincias de Santa Marta, Urabá y Cartagena; y hallándose de Cura doctrinero en uno de sus Pueblos, recibió la Cédula de presentación a este Obispado en 1 5 5 5, y aunque resistió el admitirlo,

325

CARTAGENA.

325

The antidote, however, is oil taken in abundance
internally, and applied outwardly. Neither wheat
nor barley are known here, but the place abounds
in maize and rice, of which they make cakes, and
which are the common bread of the natives, and
more particularly so that called cazave^ being a
sort of cake made of the root yiica^ name, or mo
niato. There are also a great number of cotton
trees. The arms of this city are a green cross
upon a gold ground, with a lion rampant on
each side. It was sacked in 1593 by Robert
Baal, a pirate ; in 1583, by Sir Francis Drake, 23
years from the time of its being fortified, and not
from its foundation, as according to Mr. La Ma
tiniere ; again iti 1695, by Mr. Ducase, assisted by
the adventurers or fiibustiers, who completely pil
laged it : but a great sensation having been caused
amongst the inhabitants at the loss of a superb se
pulchre made of silver, in which it rvas usual on
a good Friday to deposit the eucharist, they had
the good fortune to obtain its restitution through
the interest and favour of Louis XI F. The
English, under the command of Admiral Vernon
and Sir Charles Ogle, besieged this city in 1740,
when, although its castles were destroyed, and
it was completely besieged, it would not surren
der, being gloriously defended by the viceroy
Don Sebastian de Esiava, and Don Bias de Lezo,
who caused the English to abandon the enterprise
with precipitancy and with great loss. [For this
conduct on the part of the English, several reasons
were assigned besides the strength of the place ;
namely, the mortality among the troops, want
of skill in the commanders, and certain ditferences
between the admiral and the general. The forti
fications which they demolished have since been
repaired.] It is the only part of all America where
there is etfective coin of a fourth part of a real in
silver. Its inhabitants amount to 9160 souls in
communion. It has been the native place of many
celebrated persons, such are,

Don Augustin Samiento de Sotomayor, of the or
der of Santiago, viscount of Portillo.

Don Andres de la Vega, professor at Salamanca,
a famous lawyer.

Fray Carlos de Melgarejo, a religious Domini
can, an excellent preacher, and a man of unble
mished life.

Don Caspar de Cuba and Arce, head collegiate
of San Marcos de Lima, oidor of Chile.

Don Gonzalo de Herrera, Marquis of Villalta,
governor of Antioquia.

Don Gregorio Castellar y Mantilla, governor of
Cumana, and general of the armada of the guard
of the coasts of Cartagena.

Don Joseph de Paredes, captain of infantry,
knight of the order of Santiago.

Fray Joseph Pacheco, of the order of St. Au
gustin, master, visitor, and vicar-general i:i his pro
vince of the Nuevo Reyno.

The Father Joseph de Urbina, of the extin
guished company, rector of the college of Santa
Fe.

Don.Iuan Fernandez Rosillo, dean of the church
of his country, bishop of V^erapez and of Mecho
acan .

Fray Juan Pereyra, a religious Dominican.

Don Lope Duke Estrada, kiiight of the order of
Santiago.

It is in long. 75° 24' and lat. 10° 25' n. [For
account of the present revolutions, see Vene
zuela.]

Bishops who have presided in Cartagena.

1. Don Fray Tomas del Toro, a monk of the
order of St. Domingo, elected the . first bishop in
1532; but being at Talavera, his country, at the
time, he unfortunately died before he was conse
crated.

2. Don Fray Geronimo de Loaisa, a Dominican
monk, renowned for his virtue and talent, and for
his experience in Indian affairs ; he was elected in
the room of the former, was consecrated at Valla
dolid, and there he erected the church into a ca
thedral in 1538, the same year in which he entered
Cartagena ; from hence he was promoted to the
archbishopric of Lima in 1542.

3. Don Fray Francisco de Santa Maria y Bena
vides, of the order of St. Gerome, of the illustrious
family of the Marquises of Fromesta ; serving at
that time the Emperor in Flanders, he took to a
religious life, and was elected bishop of Cartagena
in 1543. The city, in his time, was plundered by
two pirates, lieaded by the Spanisli pilot Alonso
Vexines, who cominitted thisactout of revenge for
a flogging he had received ; they also ill-treated
the venerable prelate, who had the additional griev
ance, in the year L551, of witnessing the city in
flames. In 1554 he was promoted to the church
of Modonedo in Galicia, and was succeeded in
Cartagena by,

4. Don Fray Gregorio de Beteta, a Dominican
monk, brought up in the convent of Salamanca, and
one of the twenty who went to the Nuevo Reyno
de Gratiada, from whence he passed over to Mex
ico to convert the Indians, and afterwards with
the same object to the provinces of Santa Marta,
Uraba, ami Cartagena ; and being teacher ami
curate in one of his settlements, he received the
order of presentation to this bishopric in 1555 ;
although he endeavoured to decline the dignify,


Translation