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bounded ??. and 71 . w. by Mifiiin ; e. and n.e. by
Susqiiehaiinah river, which divides it from Dau
phin ; i-. by York, and s.w. by Franklin county.
It is 47 miles in length, and 42 in breadth, and has
10 townships, of which Carlisle is the chief. The
county is generally mountainous; lies between^
North and Soutli mountain ; on each side of Cone
dogwinet creek, there is an extensive, rich, and
well cultivated valley. It contains 18,243 inhabi
tants, of whom 223 are slaves.]

[Cumberland, a township in York county,
Pennsylvania. Also the name of a township in
Washington county, in the same state.]

[Cumberland County, in Fayette district, N.
Carolina, contains 8671 inhabitants, of whom 2181
are slaves. Chief town Fayetteville.]

rCUMBERLAND, a township of the above county (Cumberland),
in N. Carolina,]

[Cumberland, a post-town and the chief
township of Alleghany county, Maryland, lies on
the «. bank of a great bend of Potowmack river,
and on both sides of the mouth of Will’s creek.
It is 148 miles w. by n. of Baltimore, 109 mea
sured miles above Georgetown, and about 105
». w. of Washington City. Fort Cumberland
stood formerly at the w. side of the mouth of Will’s

[Cumberland County, in Virginia, on the
«, side of Appamatox river, which divides it from
Prince Edward. It contains 8153 inhabitants, of
whom 4434 are slaves. The court-house is 28
miles from Pawhatan court-house, and 52 from

[Cumberland Mountain occupies a part of
the uninhabited country of the state of Tennessee,
between the districts of Washington and Hamilton
and Mero district, and between the two first
named districts and the state of Kentucky. The
ridge is about SO miles broad, and extends from
Crow creek, on Tennessee river, from s. w. ion. e.
The place where the Tennessee breaks through the
Great ridge, called the Whirl or Suck, is 250
miles above the Muscle shoals. Limestone is
found on both sides the mountain. The moun
tain consists of the most stupendous piles of craggy
rocks of any mountain in the w. country ; in
several parts of it, it is inaccessible for miles, even
to the Indians on foot. In one place particularly,
near the summit of the mountain, there is a most
remarkable ledge of rocks, of about SO miles in
length, and 200 feet thick, shewing a perpen
dicular face to the s. e. more noble and grand than
any artificial fortification in the known world, and
apparently equal in point of regularity.]

[Cumberland River, called by the Indians
“ Shawanee,” and by the French “ Shavanon,”
falls into the Ohio 10 miles above the mouth of
Tennessee river, and about 24 miles due e. from
fort Massac, and 1113 below Pittsburg. It is
navigable for large vessels to Nashville in Ten
nessee, and from thence to the mouth of Obed’s or
Obas river. The Caney-fork, Harpeth, Stones,
Red, and Obed’s, are its chief branches ; some of
them are navigable to a great distance. The
Cumberland mountains in Virginia separate the
head waters of this river from those of Clinch
river ; it runs s. w. till it comes near the s. line of
Kentucky, when its course is w. in general,
through Lincoln county, receiving many streams
from each side ; thence it flows s. w. into the state
of Tennessee, where it takes a winding course, in
closing Sumner, Davidson, and Tennessee coun
ties ; afterwards it takes a n. w. direction, and re
enters the state of Kentucky ; and from thence it
preserves nearly an uniform distance from Tennes
see river to its mouth, where it is 300 yards wide.
It is 200 yards broad at Nashville, and its whole
length is computed to be above 450 miles.]

[Cumberland-River, a place so called, where
a post-office is kept, in Tennessee, 13 miles from
Cumberland mountain, and 80 from the Crab
Orchard in Kentucky.]

CUMBICOS, a settlement of the province and
corregimiento of Piura in Peru ; annexed to the
curacy of Trias.

CUMBINAMA. See Loyola.

CUMINACA, a settlement of the province and
corregimiento of Asangaro in Peru ; annexed to
the curacy of Combaya.

[CUMMASHAWAS, or Cummasuawaa, a
sound and village on the e. side of Washington
, on the n. w. coast of N. America. The
port is capacious and safe. In this port Captain
Ingraham remained some time, and he observes,
in his journal, that here, in direct opposition to
most other parts of the world, the women main
tained a precedency to the men in every point ;
insomuch that a man dares not trade without the
concurrence of his wife, and that he has often been
witness to men’s being abused for parting with
skins before their approbation was obtained ; and
this precedency often occasioned much disturbance.

[CUMMINGTON, a township in Hampshire
county, Massachusetts, having 873 inhabitants;
lying about 20 miles n. w. of Northampton, and
120 n. w. by zjj. of Boston. It was incorporated
in 1779.1

CUMPAYO, a settlement of the province of

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