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458

C H R

C H R

CHOTE, a settlement of Indians of
N. Carolina ; situate on the shore of the river Tennessee.

CHOTECHEL, a settlement of Indians
of the kingdom of Chile ; situate in the
interior of it, and on the shore of the river Como
Leuvre.

CHOUEE, Montañas de, mountains in the
province and colony of N. Carolina, which follow
the course of the river Tennessee,

CHOUMANS, a settlement or village of the
province and colony of Louisiana ; situate on the
bank, and at the source of the river Maligna or
Sabloniere.

CHOUSSIPI, a small river of the country of
Labrador. It runs s. w. and enters that of St.
Lawrence.

CHOWAN, a district and jurisdiction of the
province and colony of Virginia, between that of
Pequima and the river Pansemond. The principal
settlement bears the same name.

[Chowan County, in Edenton district, N.
Carolina, on the n. side of Albemarle sound. It
contains 5011 inhabitants, of whom 2588 are slaves.
Chief town, Edenton.]

[Chowan River, in N. Carolina, falls into
the n. w. corner of Albemarle sound. It is three
miles wide at the mouth, but narrows fast as you
ascend it. It is formed, five miles from the Vir
ginia line, by the confluence of Meherrin, Notta
way, and Black rivers, which all rise in Vir
ginia.]

CHOXLLA, a settlement of the province and
corregimiento of Cicasica in Peru, annexed to the
curacy of Yanacache.

[CHRIST CnuacH, a parish in Charleston dis
trict, S. Carolina, containing 2954 inhabitants, of
whom 566 are whites, 2377 slaves.]

[CHRISTENOES, a wandering nation of N.
America, who do not cultivate, nor claim any par
ticular tract of country. They are well disposed
towards the whites, and treat their traders Avith re
spect. The country in which these Indians rove
is generally open plains, but in some parts, parti
cularly about the head of the Assinniboin river, it
is marshy and tolerably Avell furnished with timber,
as are also the Fort Dauphin mountains, to which
they sometimes resort. From the quantity of
beaver in their country, they ought to furnish mofe
of that article than they do at present. They are
not esteemed good beaver-hunters. They might
probably be induced to visit an establishment on
the Missouri, at the Yellow Stone river. Their
number has been reduced by the small-pox since
they Avere first known to the Canadians.]

[CHRISTIANA, a post-town in Newcastle
county, Delaware, is situated on a navigable creek
of its name, 12 miles from Elkton, nine s. w. of
Wilmington, and 37 s. w. of Philadelphia. The
town, consisting of about 50 houses, and a Presby
terian church, stands on a declivity which commands
a pleasant prospect of the country towards the De
laware. It carries on a brisk trade with Philadel
phia in flour. It is the greatest carrying place be
tween the navigable Avaters of the Delaware and
Chesapeak, which are 13 miles asunder at this
place. It was built by the Swedes in 1640, and
thus called after their queen.]

[Christiana Creek, on which the above town
is situated, falls into Delaware river from the w.
a little below Wilmington. It is proposed to cut a
canal of about nine miles in length, in a s. to. direc
tion from this creek, at the toAvn of Christiana (six
miles w. s. w. of Newcastle) to Elk river in Mary
land, about a mile below Elkton. See Delaware
and Wilmington.]

[Christiana, St. one of the Marquesa isles,
called by the natives Waitahu, lies under the same
parallel with St. Pedro, three or four leagues more
to the w. Resolution bay, near the middle of the
w. side of the island, is in lat. 9° 58' s. long. 139'^
840' w. from Greenwich ; and the w. end of Do
minica 15 71. Captain f^ook gave this bay the
name of his ship. It Avas called Port Madre de
Dios by the Spaniards. This island produces cot
ton of a superior kind. A specimen of it is depo
sited in the museum of the Massachusetts Historical
Society.]

CHRISTIANO, San, a settlement of the
province and captainship of Serigipé in Brazil ; situate
on the coast, and at the mouth of the river Cirii.

[CHRISTIANSBURG, the chief town of Mont
gomery county, Virginia. It contains A’ery few
houses ; has a court-house and goal, situated near
a branch of Little river, a water of the Kanhaway.
Lat. 37° 5' ».]

[CHRISTIANSTED, the principal town in the
island of Santa Cruz, situated on the n. side of the
island, on a fine harbour. It is the residence of the
Danish governor, and is defended by a stone for
tress.]

[CHRISTMAS Island, in the Pacific ocean,
lies entirely solitary, nearly equally distant from
the Sandwich islands on the n. and the Marquesas
on the s. It Avas so named by Captain Cook, on
account of his first landing there, on Christmas
day. Not a drop of fresh Avater was found by dig
ging. A ship touching at this desolate isle must
expect nothing but turtle, fish, and a few birds. It
is about 15 or 20 leagues in circumference, and
bounded by a reef of coral rocks, on the xc. side of

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