€ H I
C H I
papas; likewise in cattle, from the fleeces of which
great quantities of woven clotlis are made. Its
'population amounts to 150 house-keepers and 100
Indians. Four leagues to the s. w. of its capital,
and near to the settlement of Turmeque.
==CHISCAS, a settlement of the province and
corregimienlo of Tunja in the Nuevo Reyno de
Granada ; situate at the foot of the Snowy sierra^
and therefore of a cold and unpleasant temperature.
Its productions correspond with those of a similar
climate ; it contains about 80 Indians, with a very
few whites. Thirty-two leagues n. e. of Tunja.
CHISPAS, Punta de las, a point on the s.
coast and w. head of the island of St. Domingo,
in the territory possessed by the French ; lying
between the settlement and parish of the English,
and the point of Burgados.
[CHISSEL, a fort in the state of Tennessee,
two miles and a half from English ferry, on New
river, 43 from Abingdon, and 107 from Long
island, on Holston.]
CHITA, a province and corregimienlo of the
Nuevo Reyno de Granada, and vice-royalty of
Santa Fe. It was formerly called Chisca. It is
bounded w. by the province of Bogota, and n. by
the country bt the Laches Indians, or province of
Cochuy, and e. and s. by the llanuras of the
Orinoco. It was discovered by George Spira, a
German, and he was the first who entered it with
his companions in 1535. This territory is fertile,
abounds in wheat and maize, the grain of which is
extremely large, as also in other seeds, and has
goats and neat cattle in plenty. It is of an hot
and unhealthy temperature, and has palms similar
to those of Palestine and Barbary, producing ex
cellent dates. The capital is of the same name.
This is situate at the foot of the mountains of Bo
gota ; it is a large settlement, and was formerly en
titled a city. Its inhabitants consist of upwards
of 700 whites and about 200 Indians. Twenty
four leagues to the n. e. of Tunja.
Same name, another settlement, which is the head
settlement of the district of the alcaldia mayor of
Villalta in Nueva Espana. It is of a mild tempe
rature, contains 90 families of Indians, and is three
leagues and a half to the s. of its capital.
CHITANOS, a barbarous nation of Indians;
bounded by that of the Chiscas, but distinct from
it, in the Nuevo Reyno de Granada. They in
habit the woods to the n. e. of the mountains of
Bogota and the shores of the rivers Ele, Cuiloto,
and Arauca ; are an intractable and. cruel people,
and dreaded by all their neighbours. In 1535,
having joined company with the Jiraras, they
took and destroyed the city of Las Palmas.
CHITARAQUE, a settlement of the corregi
mienlo and jurisdiction of Velez in the Nuevo
Reyno de Granada, it is of an hot but healtliy
temperature, produces yucas, maize, plantains,
cotton, and great quantities of sugar, from which
are made fine and much esteemed conserves.
CHITAREROS, a barbarous and brutal
nation of Indians of the Nuevo Reyno de Granada,
who inhabit the mountains in the vicinity of Pam
plona ; they are mixed with some families of the
Laches. This nation is extremely numerous, and
pass a wandering life without any fixed abode ;
they go entirely naked, and are much given to sen
sual gratifications ; some of them have embraced
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