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CHIMALAPA, Santa Maria de a
settlement of the head settlement of the district and
alcaldia mayor of Tehuantepec in Nueva Espana.
It is of a cold temperature, and the whole of its
district is covered with very large trees, especially
firs fit for ship-building. Twenty-five leagues
n.w. of its capital,

CHIAMLHUACAN, a settlement of the head
settlement and alcaldia mayor of Coatepec in
Nueva Espana. It contains a good convent of the
religious order of St. Domingo, 300 families of
Spaniards, il/wsfees, and Mulattoes, who employ
themselves in labour, and in the commerce of seeds
and large and small cattle, which are bred in the
estates contiguous ; but the latter in no great de
gree, owing to the scarcity of water and pasture
which prevails here.

Same name, another settlement and head
settlement of the district in the alcaldia mayor of
Chaleo, of the same kingdom. It contains 166
families of Indians, and a convent of the religious
order of St. Domingo. Five leagues n. of its

CHIMALTENANGO, a province and
corregimiento of the kingdom of Guatemala ; situate
in the valley of this capital. It is very pleasant
and fertile, and peopled with Indians.

CHIMALTEPEC, a settlement of the alcaldia
mayor of Tlapa in Nueva Espana. It contains 29
families of Indians, and is two leagues from the
real of the mines of Cairo.

Same name, another small settlement of the
head settlement of Malcatepec, and alcaldia mayor
of Nexapa, very near its head settlement.

CHIMAN, a settlement of the province and
government of Darien, in the kingdom of Tierra
Firme ; situate near the coast of the S. sea, and on
the shore of the river of its name, having a small
port, which is garrisoned by a detachment from
Panama, for the purpose of restraining the inva
sions which are continually made by the Indians.

Same name, a river of this province, and govern
ment, which rises in the mountains on the s. coast,
and runs into the sea opposite the island of Nar

CHIMBA, a settlement of the province and
corregimiento of Coquimbo in the kingdom of
Chile. It has the celebrated talc gold-mine which
was discovered 36 years ago by a fisherman, who
pulling up a plant of large and prickly leaves,
called cordon, or fuller’s thistle, for the purpose of
fuel for his fire, observed that particles of gold
dropped from its roots; and having more narrowly
inspected it, found pieces amidst the mould of
considerable size and of very fine quality. Thus


a mine became established here, and when it was
first dug it yielded from 300 to 500 dollars each

Same name, another settlement of the province and
corregimienio of Caxatambo in Peru ; annexed to
the curacy of Andajes.

a settlement of the kingdom of Quito, in
the corregimienio of the district of Las Cinco
Leguasde la Capital, (ofthe Five Leagues from the
Capital), of which this is looked upon as a suburb
from its proximity.

CHIMBARONGO, a river of the kingdom of
Chile. It rises in the mountains of its cordillera^
and unites itself with that of Tinguiragua to enter
the Napel. This river waters and fertilizes some
very pleasant and delightful valleys, abounding in
pastures, whereon breed and fatten an infinite num
ber of cattle. On its shores are two convents, one
ofthe religious order of Nuestra Senora de la Mer
ced, for the instruction of the Indians in the Chris
tian faith ; and another a house for novices, which
belonged to the regulars of the society of Jesuits ;
and also within a league’s distance from the latter,
is a convent of the order of St. Domingo.

Same name, a settlement of the province
and corregimienio of Colchagua in the same king
dom ; situate in the Former valley, between the
rivers Tinguiririca and Teno. There is also
another small settlement annexed, with a chapel
of ease. In its district is a convent of the religious
order of La Merced.

[CHIMBO, a jurisdiction in the province of
Zinto in South America, in the torrid zone. The
capital is also called by the same name.]

CHIMBO Y ALAUSI, a province and corregimiento
of the kingdom of Quito ; bounded n. oy
the serrania of the asiento of Ambato ; s, by the
government and jurisdiction of Guayaquil ; e. by
the district of the point of Santa Elena of this govern
ment; and ro. by the province of Riobamba. Its dis
trict is barren and poor, and the country being
mountainous, the inhabitants have no resource for
getting their livelihood other than by acting as
carriers between the provinces of Riobamba and
Tacunga on the one hand, and the warehouses of
Babahoyo on the other, where also are the royal
magazines ; and thus they bring back goods from
the provinces of Peru, having for this traffic a
number of requas, or droves of mules, amounting
in the whole to 1500 head. This commerce can
only be carried on in the summer, the roads being
impassable in the winter through the mountains,
when they say that these are shut up : at the same
season the rivers become swollen to such a degree

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