442

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442

CHI

CHI

at the most, of 360 houses : for having been des
troyed by tlie Araucanians, in 1599, it as never
sine e been able to reach its former degree of splen
dour. Jt lies between the river Nuble to the n.
and the Itala to the s. in lat. 35° 56' s.

another, a mountain or volcano of the same
province and corregimiento (Chillan), at a little distance
from the former city. On its skirts are the Indian
nations of the Puclches, Pehuenches, and Chiquillanes,
who have an outlet by the navigation ot the
river Demante.

another, a small river of the same province (Chillan).

CHILLAOS, a settlement of the province and
corregimiento of this name in Peru. It is of a
hot temperature, and produces some tobacco and
almonds.

CHILLOA, a llanura of the kingdom
of Quito, near this capital, between two
chains of mountains, one very lofty towards the
e. and the other lower towards the s. It is watered
by two principal rivers, the Pita and the Amaguana,
which at the end of the llanura unite
themselves at the foot of the mountain called
Guangapolo, in the territory of the settlement of
Alangasi, and at the spot called Las Juntas. In this
plain lie the settlements of Amaguana, Sangolqui,
Alangasi, and Conocoto, all of which are curacies of
the jurisdiction of Quito. It is of a mild and pleasant
temperature, although sometimes rather cold, from
its proximity to the mountains or paramos of Pintac, Antisana, Rurainavi, and Sincholagua. Here
was formerly celebrated the cavalgata, by the col
legians of the head- college and seminary of San
Luis dc Quito, during the vacations. The soil
produces abundance of wheat and maize. It is
much resorted to by the gentlemen of Quito as a
place of recreation, it is eight or nine leagues in
length, and six in width.

CHILLOGALLO, a settlement of the kingdomof Quito, in the district of Las Cinco Leguas
de su Capital.

[CHILMARK, a township on Martha’s Vineyard island, Duke’s county, Massachusetts, con
taining 771 inhabitants. It lies 99 miles s. by e.
of Boston. See Maktha’s Vineyard.]

CHILOE, a large island of the Archipelago or
Ancud of the kingdom of Chile, being one of the
18 provinces or corregimientos which compose it.
It is 58 leagues in length, and nine in width at the
broadest part ; and varies until it reaches only
two leagues across, which is its narrowest part. It
is of a cold temperature, being very subject to
heavy rains and fresh winds ; notwithstanding '

which its climate is healthy. Around it are four
other islands ; and the number of settlements in
these are 25, which are,

Achau,

Quehuy,

Lin-lin,

Chelin,

Llinua,

Limuy,

Qnenac,

Tanqui,

Meulin,

Chiduapi,

Cahuac,

Abtau,

Alau,

Tabor,

Apiau,

Quenu,

Chanlinec,

Llaycha,

Anihue,

Huar,

Chegniau,

Calbuco,

VAita-Chauquis,

Caucahue,

Isla Grande.

All of these are mountainous, little cultivatad,
and produce only a small proportion of wheat,
barley, flax, and papas ^ esteemed the best of any
in America ; besides some swine, of which hams
are made, which they cure by frost, and are of so
delicate a flavour as not only to be highly esteemed
here, but in all other parts, both in and out of the
kingdom, and are in fact a very large branch of
commerce. The principal trade, however, con
sists in planks of several exquisite woods, the trees
of which are so thick, that from each of them ars
cut in general 600 planks, of 20 feet in length,
and of 1| foot in width. Some of these trees
have measured 24 yards in circumference. The
natives make various kinds of woollen garments,
such as ponchos f quilts, coverlids, baizes, and bor~
dillos. The whole of this province is for the most
part poor ; its natives live very frugally, and with
little communication with any other part of the
world, save with those who are accustomed to come
hither in the fleet once a-year. Altliough it has
some small settlements on the continent, in Val
divia, yet these are more than 20 or 30 leagues dis
tant from this place, and are inhabited by infidel
Indians. These islands abound in delicate shell
fish of various kinds, and in a variety of other
fish ; in the taking of which the inhabitants are
much occupied, and on which they chiefly sub
sist. This jurisdiction is bounded on the n. by
the territory of the ancient city of Osorno, which
was destroyed by the Araucanian Indians, by
the extensive Archipelagoes of Huayaneco and
Huaytecas, and others which reach as far as the
straits of Magellan and the Terra del Fuego, e.
by the cordilleras and the Patagonian country, and
w. by the Pacific or S. sea. On its mountains are
found amber, and something resembling gold dust,
which is washed up by the rains, although no

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