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C H A

C H A

357

de Granada, rises in the valley of Cerinza, runs
n. and passing tlirough the city of San Gil, turns
to the w. and enters the Suarez or Sabandija.

CHALCAXINGO, a settlement of the head
settlement of Xonacatepéc, and alcaldía mayor of
Cuernavaca, in Nueva España.

CHALCHILGUITES, a settlement of the pro-
vince and government of Nueva Vizcaya; situate
close to that of Sombrerete.

CHALCHITLAN, a settlement of the province
and alcaldia mayor of Capanabastla in the king-
dom of Guatemala.

CHALCO, Hamanalco, a district and alcal-
día mayor of Nueva España ; situate between the
n. and s. of the city of Mexico, at eight leagues
distance ; is very fertile, and abounds in produc-
tions and the necessaries of life, especially in wheat
and maize; the crops of the former usually amount to
30,000 (argas (a measure containing four bushels)
yearly, and of the latter to 25,000. Besides this
it produces great quantities of seeds, woods, sugar,
honey, and the fruits of a hot climate, all of
which arc carried to Mexico, as well by land car-
riage as by the lake, which is so favourable to its
commerce. In the sierra of the volcano of this
jurisdiction, there are silver mines, but they are
not worked, on account of the great expence. The
population consists of 46 settlements, of which 16
are head settlements of districts, and in 15 of these
there are parish churches. Tlie capital is of the
same name, and it is situate on the shore of a lake
enjoying a mild temperature, and well known
from the fair which it celebrates every Friday
throughout the year, to which flock a great num-
ber of people from the neighbouring provinces
with merchandize ; some even coming from the
most distant parts in canoes by the lake, or with
droves of mules on land. It lies between the rivers
Fiamanalco and Tenango, which run into the
lake, and the waters of this serve, when it is ne-
cessary, to replenish the lake of Mexico, for
which purpose there are proper sluices provided.
It contains 350 families of Indians, and some
Spaniards and Mustees ; is seven leagues from
Mexico. The other settlements are,

Fiamanalco, Atlautla,

San Pedro de Ecazingo, Ayapango,

Tepozozolco, Ixtapalucan,

San Juan Tenango, Ayozingo,

Amecameca, Mexquique,

Zentlalpan, Hahuac,

Chimalhuacan, Themamatla,

Tepetuxpan, Ozumba.

CHALCO, with the dedicatory title of San
Agustin, another settlement of the head settle-

ment of Coxcotlan, and the alcaldia mayor of Val-
les, in the same kingdom ; annexed to the curacy
of Aquismon ; is of an extremely hot and moist
temperature, on account of which it has been
abandoned by several Indian families who resided
in it formerly ; 12 of these families only are now
remaining ; is 23 leagues from its capital.

CHALCO, another, of the head settlement and
alcaldia mayor of Zochicoatlan ; situate in the
plain of a deep break or hole made by mountain
floods ; is of a hot temperature, and contains 35
families of Indians ; lies 12 leagues to the n. of its
capital.

(Chalco Lake. See Mexico.)

CHALCOS, a settlement of the province and
corregimiento of Lucanas in Peru ; annexed to the
curacy of Cahuanca.

CHALEUAPAN, a settlement of the province
and government of Nicaragua in the kingdom of
Guatemala.

CHALEURS, a bay on the coast of the pro-
vince of Nova Scotia or Acadia, and gulf of St.
Lawrence. It is large and convenient.

CHALEURS, another bay on the s. coast of the
island of Newfoundland, near the point which
looks to the w.

(CHALEURS, a deep and broad bay on the w.
side of the gulf of St. Lawrence. From this bay
to that of Verte, on the s. in the s. e. corner of the
gulf, is the n. e. sea line of the British province
of New Brunswick.)

CHALINGA, a settlement of Indians of the
province and corregimiento of Coquimbo in the
kingdom of Chile.

CHALIQUE, San Pablo de, a settlement of
the province and corregimiento of Caxamarca in
Peru.

CHALLABAMBA, a settlement of the pro-
vince and corregimiento of Paucartambo in Peru.

CHALLACATA, a settlement of the province
and corregimiento of Paria in Peru ; annexed to
the curacy of Garu Mendoza.

CHALLACOLLO, a settlement of the same
province and corregimiento as the former, belong-
ing to the archbishopric of Charcas. It has a con-
vent of monks of the order of St. Augustin.

CHALLAHUACHO, a river of the province
and corregimiento of Chilques y Masques in Peru.
It rises near the settlement of Capi, runs in a ser-
pentine course to the n. n. w. and enters the Apu-
rirnac.

CHALLANA, a settlement of the province
and corregimiento of Larecaja in Peru.

CHALLAPAMPA an ancient province of
Peru, of small extent, and to the c. of Cuzco. It

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