escape the destruction which followed them where
ever they fled. Still are the vestiges of this cala
mity to be seen, and there are large quantities of
this mud or lava, now become hard, scattered on
the s. side of the settlement.
CARHUACAIAN, a settlement of the same pro
vince and corregimiento as the former ; annexed
to the curacy of Pomacocha.
CARI, a river of the province and government
of Cumaná in the kingdom of Tierra Firme. It
rises in the Mesa (Table-land) de Guanipa, and
runs s. being navigable to the centre of the pro
vince, and enters the Orinoco near the narrow
Cari, a settlement of the same province; one
of those under the care of the religious order of S.
Francisco, missionaries of Piritu. It is situate
on the shore of the former river.
CARIACO, a large gulf of the coast of Tierra
Firme, in the province and government of Curnana.
It is also called, Of Curnana, from this -capital being
built upon its shores. The bajr runs 10 or 12
leagues from w. to c. and is one league toroad at
its widest part. It is from 80 to 100 fathoms
deep, and the waters are so quiet as to resemble
rather the waters of a lake than those of the ocean.
It is surrounded by the serramasy or lofty chains
of mountains, which shelter it from all winds ex
cepting that of the n. e. which, blowing on it as it
were through a straitened and narrow passage,
it accustomed to cause a swell, especially from 10
m the morning until five in the evening, after which
all becomes calm. Under the above circumstances,
the larger vessels ply to windward ; and if the
wind be very strong, they come to an anchor ou
the one or other coast, and wait till the evening,
when the land breezes spring up from the s. e. In
this gulf there are some good ports and bays, viz.
the lake of Obispo, of Juanantar, of Gurintar,
Cariaco, a river of the same province and go
vernment, taking its rise from many streams and
rivulets which rise in the serrania, and unite be.
fore they flow into the valley of the same Uame.
After it has run some distance over the plain, it is
cut off' to water some cacao plantations, and then
empties itself into the sea through the former gulf.
In the winter great part of the capital, which is
situate upon its banks, is inundated, and the river
is tlien navigated by small barks or barges ; but in
the summer it becomes so dry that there is scarce
ly water sufficient to nqvigate a canoe.
Cariaco, a small city of the same province,
situate on the shore of the gulf. [This city (ac
cording to Depons) bears, in the official papers
and in the courts of justice, the name of San Fe
lipe de Austria. The population is only 6500,
but every one makes such a good use of his time
as to banish misery from the place. The produc
tion most natural to the soil is cotton, the beauty
of which is superior to that of all Tierra Firme.
This place alone furnishes annually more than
3000 quintals ; and besides cacao they grow a little
sugar. Lat. 10° SO' n. Long. 63° 39' w.
(CARIACOU is the ehief of the small isles de
pendent on Granada island in the West Indies;
situate four leagues from isle Rhonde, which is a
like distance from the «. end of Granada. It con
tains 6913 acres of fertile and well cultivated land,
producing about 1,000,000 lbs. of cotton, be
sides corn, yams, potatoes, and plaintains for the
Negroes. It has two singular plantations, and a
town called Hillsborough.)
CARIATAPA, a settlement which belonged to
the missions of the regular order of the Jesuits, in
the province of Topia and kingdom of Nueva Viz
caya ; situate in the middle of the sierra of this
name, and on the shore of the river Piastla.
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